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Why personal rule?

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Introduction

-Why did Charles I resort to personal rule in 1629? On March 2nd 1629, King Charles I dissolved Parliament and declared he intended to rule without them. Within the first few years of Charles' reign, the relationship between parliament and himself deteriorated rapidly. This was caused by the personality of both Charles and Buckingham and their relationship. The relationship between Charles and parliament, and the rule of law. And finally, Charles' opinions and beliefs on religion and the Church. The Duke of Buckingham is an important factor in explaining why the King resorted to personal rule in 1629. The Duke of Buckingham was James I's favourite from 1615 till his death in 1625. His rise to power was extraordinary, he was promoted by his friends at court and quickly achieved an unusual amount of both political and personal influence over the King. Charles was an insecure young man who was susceptible to Buckingham's large personality and worldly confidence and with his knowledge of court life and government, Charles was flattered by the attention of his fathers favourite, who tool him into his confidence. ...read more.

Middle

This angered many MP's and caused the relationship between Charles and Parliament to become much worse due to the fact that in 1626, Buckingham's inept diplomacy did lead an expedition to La Rochelle in 1627 to help the Protestants. This expedition also failed miserably because of Buckingham's incompetent planning. These failed expeditions created many problems between Charles I and Parliament as they were expensive and led to Parliament wanting and needed to question the Kings expenditure. After the failed Cadiz expedition in 1629 there were numerous demands for Buckingham to be impeached. However, the King stopped the impeachment by dissolving Parliament. The dissolution prevented the King receiving money from Parliament in the form of subsidies, which he desperately needed to finance the war with Spain. Buckingham was disliked by Parliament for his monopolisation of patronage at court as well as his disastrous foreign policy. Patronage was the only way to find promotion and so was very important. However, because Buckingham controlled access to the King, no one could gain office or advance in their career without Buckingham's support as it was unlikely that the King would hear what you had to say or offer unless Buckingham approved of it. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1627, Five gentlemen were imprisoned for not paying the loan and thy demanded to know why they had been imprisoned. The case ended in a victory for the King and confirm his beliefs on his rule by 'divine right'. However, he was denying the rule of law, which was the idea that law made by the King in parliament is supreme and must be accepted by Kings as well as his subjects. Therefore, it guaranteed subjects rights as well as regal authority and even though the King made the law and could change it, he could not simply ignore it whenever he felt like it as it was the rule of law. By Charles denying this rule of law he was effectively laying a foundation for terror. The King also forced other measures, which caused concern in parliament, these being the billeting of soldiers, marshal law and ship money. The King was threatening the ancient rights and liberties of the English people by forcing them to follow these measures. When troops were concentrated in preparation for war, the King demanded that the civilian household around thse ...read more.

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