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Why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken

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Introduction

The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken Modern Technology New technology like the tank is one of the reasons why the Allies won the First World War. Tanks were a British invention, they were invented early on in the war but the war leaders said they were too impractical. But Winston Churchill who was head of the navy said it was a good idea and he agreed to fund it. In 1916 the tanks were used for the first time at the Battle of the Somme. The tanks would advance ahead of the infantry crushing the barbed wire and covering the enemy with machine gun bullets. The Germans army were alarmed by the tank. The British morale soared and they were very confident of a breakthrough. But tanks could only move at a walking pace and they were not very manoeuvrable or reliable. Over half the tanks used broke down before they even got to the German trenches. ...read more.

Middle

The allies thought because America was entering the war, the Germans had little or no chance of winning the war. But in late 1917, Russia had a revolution and a communist government came into power. The new communist government made peace with Germany. This allowed Germany to send over a million men back to the Western Front. The British Blockade The British blockade was one of the key factors in the defeat of Germany. The British blockade starved Germany of food, because of this the German army was weakened and most of the German citizens no longer supported the war. The war at sea was becoming just as important as the war on land. * In Germany over 300,000 deaths were related to malnutrition during 1914-1918 among German civilians. * The German government was forced to slaughter a third of all pigs because the British blockade had stopped fodder being imported. * The blockade cut off supplies of nitrate, which was vital for making explosives and for farmer's fertilizer. ...read more.

Conclusion

One night during a heavy fog the storm troopers attacked along the entire front. The plan was very effective and the Germans advanced 64 km. Paris was now in range of heavy gunfire. But the Germans lost 400,000 men in the attack and there were no reserves to call on. Also the troops of 1918 was no like the standard of 1914. This was because most of the original soldiers of 1914 had been killed and the newer soldiers did not get a lot of training. Many of the soldiers stopped to raid and loot villages because they were so hungry. The Germans could make no further progress and the allies attacked back. The allies' cannons had been modified and they were more powerful and more capable of hitting the target even over long distances. The allies counter-attacked along the Western Front and drove the Germans back to the Hindenburg line. In October the Germans were in full retreat. Finally on the 11th November 1918, Germany agreed to a ceasefire and World War One was finally over. ?? ?? ?? ?? Dominic Chrominski History Coursework Task C 10MS ...read more.

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