• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken

Extracts from this document...


The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken Modern Technology New technology like the tank is one of the reasons why the Allies won the First World War. Tanks were a British invention, they were invented early on in the war but the war leaders said they were too impractical. But Winston Churchill who was head of the navy said it was a good idea and he agreed to fund it. In 1916 the tanks were used for the first time at the Battle of the Somme. The tanks would advance ahead of the infantry crushing the barbed wire and covering the enemy with machine gun bullets. The Germans army were alarmed by the tank. The British morale soared and they were very confident of a breakthrough. But tanks could only move at a walking pace and they were not very manoeuvrable or reliable. Over half the tanks used broke down before they even got to the German trenches. ...read more.


The allies thought because America was entering the war, the Germans had little or no chance of winning the war. But in late 1917, Russia had a revolution and a communist government came into power. The new communist government made peace with Germany. This allowed Germany to send over a million men back to the Western Front. The British Blockade The British blockade was one of the key factors in the defeat of Germany. The British blockade starved Germany of food, because of this the German army was weakened and most of the German citizens no longer supported the war. The war at sea was becoming just as important as the war on land. * In Germany over 300,000 deaths were related to malnutrition during 1914-1918 among German civilians. * The German government was forced to slaughter a third of all pigs because the British blockade had stopped fodder being imported. * The blockade cut off supplies of nitrate, which was vital for making explosives and for farmer's fertilizer. ...read more.


One night during a heavy fog the storm troopers attacked along the entire front. The plan was very effective and the Germans advanced 64 km. Paris was now in range of heavy gunfire. But the Germans lost 400,000 men in the attack and there were no reserves to call on. Also the troops of 1918 was no like the standard of 1914. This was because most of the original soldiers of 1914 had been killed and the newer soldiers did not get a lot of training. Many of the soldiers stopped to raid and loot villages because they were so hungry. The Germans could make no further progress and the allies attacked back. The allies' cannons had been modified and they were more powerful and more capable of hitting the target even over long distances. The allies counter-attacked along the Western Front and drove the Germans back to the Hindenburg line. In October the Germans were in full retreat. Finally on the 11th November 1918, Germany agreed to a ceasefire and World War One was finally over. ?? ?? ?? ?? Dominic Chrominski History Coursework Task C 10MS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * But the agreements were symbolic and showed that the Superpowers were drawing closer together. CONFLICT IN THE MODERN WORLD, 1963-91 Why did the Cold War move towards D�tente in the late 1960s and early 1970s? D�tente * 1n 1963 the Hot-Line was set up.

  2. How important was Haig's tactics on the Western Front in bringing an end to ...

    attempt to destroy the German Fleet and mines were laid out across the English Channel as early as October 2nd. Britain acted as a barrier between the North Sea and Germany and declared the North Sea a war zone. This meant that no trade could reach Germany's short coast by any means.

  1. Why Was Stalemate Broken in 1918?

    As the battle went on, more and more American troops turned up at the western front and they were eventually able to stop the Germans. Now the German troops were all diverted to fighting for the spring offensive, this meant the Royal Navy could get its ships out and attempt to blockade the German ports.

  2. Account for the development of stalemate on the Western Front by the end of ...

    These included the French underestimating the strength of the German army in not taking into account Germany's use of reserve troops and also assuming that German troops would attack mainly Alsace-Lorraine, and not strike through Belgium. Plan XVII had only been presented one year prior to the July Crisis by General Joffre, Commander-in-Chief.

  1. What Broke the Stalemate Stalemate is the word used to describe the situation on ...

    From that day on the Germans retreated continuously until they were back at the Hindenburg Line. The Germans big all or nothing gamble hadn't paid off, therefore they were left with nothing. That is why I think it is one of the most important reasons why it broke the stalemate on the Western Front.

  2. Sclieffen Plan &There were 4 main reasons 'why the stalemate on the Western front ...

    Germany was starving and desperate to end the war. The blockading of German ports was important because Germany was weakened without supplies. The soldiers were running out of ammunition and the country was starving. Finally, the German offensive on March 1918 was Germany's last attempt at winning the war.

  1. The Western Front - the soldiers' experiences and official reports.

    It is holding two things; one a limp, helpless maiden swooning in the clutches of this "mad brute." She represents Belgium, the reason Britain entered the war. The second, a club engraved with the word "KULTUR", meaning that the gorilla represents the culture of the German people.

  2. The following were equally important reasons why thestalemate on the western front was finally ...

    After 1918, however, the most widely used tank was the French Renault F.T., a light 6-ton vehicle designed for close infantry support. World War 1 seemed to vindicate the power of the defensive over the offensive. It was widely believed that superiority in numbers of at least three to one was required for a successful offensive.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work