• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Britain able to stand alone against Germany between June 1940 and December 1941?

Extracts from this document...


Dessislava Valeva (Jessica) Fields's House History-GCSE-Coursework Why was Britain able to stand alone against Germany between June 1940 and December 1941? Britain had a huge advantage that France did not - the English Channel. This meant that Hitler could not just march in as he did in France. He had to cross and therefore control the channel and to achieve that he had to have control of the air. The Germans came up with Operation Sea Lion. This operation was not successful because the Germans had underestimated the English potential, supply of aircraft and pilots. By 1940, Britain had 4238 fighters and produced 450 Spitfires and Hurricanes per month. In the most crucial moment: the summer and autumn of 1940, Britain produced 1900 fighters while Germany produced only 775 Messchorschmitts. Under the leadership of Beaverbrook, the weapon production was effective and the moral of the British was high. The Spitfires and Hurricanes were one of the best fighter aeroplanes in the world. ...read more.


This was crucial for the British because if they had not been able to crack the code, the new German U-boat plan (U-boats hunting in groups of 15) would have been successful. A huge mistake on the German side was that on the 3rd of September 1940, Goering switched the bombing from the British airfields to the cities. This was either because of retaliation because Churchill had ordered the bombing of Berlin, or because he thought that the RAF was virtually defeated, and he underestimated the British. This move was a catastrophe for the British civilians but it save the RAF, which if defeated would have left Britain defenceless against the German airforce. Britain had prepared for a long war (Chamberlain had been preparing for such a war when he was appeasing Hitler) was while Germany's economy was not yet able to cope with a long war. They had achieved a victory in France thorough "Blitzkrieg" but this wasn't the type of war that they were made to fight against Britain..................... ...read more.


Hitler had been planning to take over Russia. Therefore he never completely concentrated on Britain. If he had turned his whole attention on to Britain at the time, it is most likely that he would have defeated her. It was a fact that Germany did not have the economic of military power to fight a war in two fronts. In fact Hitler offered many opportunities to Britain not to involve herself in the war but Churchill did would not agree. Hitler wanted Britain to hold on to her empire because he believed that if she was defeated, the Americans and the Russians would become even stronger. In December 1940, Hitler told his Generals that Russia is Germany's main objective. He thought he could postpone or 'on hold' the complete invasion of Britain. He believed that when Russia was defeated, Germany would have sufficient resources and power to defeat Britain. As he turned his attention on Russia, he made the biggest mistake in the war because he simply could not fight a war on two fronts. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Declaring that the "non-aggressive" states were ''unquestionably stronger than the Fascist states,'' he argued that their failure to resist Hitler was motivated not by weakness, but by desire to embroil the Nazis with the Soviets. He warned against "war-mongers who are accustomed to have others pull the chestnuts out of the fire for them.''

  2. The Battle of Britain

    They weren't just Britons of course. There were Australians, Canadians, New Zealanders, South Africans, Frenchmen, Poles, Czechs and Americans; the latter showing that even if the United States is hamstrung by political considerations, some of her sons at least

  1. Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany between June ...

    However, although Hitler did not want to invade Great Britain, he did still the start the Battle of Britain, in order to destroy the RAF, as a hypothetical sea and air invasion would not succeed with the British RAF and navy attacking the German forces.

  2. Russia 1905 - 1941

    In the early years of his life Lenin was exiled to Siberia from 1900 and returned to Russia in April of 1917, after the Bolshevik revolution. During the civil war Lenin introduced a policy of war communism. This policy meant that the government took control of the economy.

  1. Britain was the Only European Country to Remain Both Undefeated and Opposed to Hitler's ...

    The Spitfires and Hurricanes were exceptionally important in the attacks on German planes due to their superior agility and firing power, minimising the number of German planes available to be deployed. Another influential factor was that German bombers could not carry a sufficient number of bombs to cause extensive damage and break the will of the British public.

  2. "The RAF was responsible for preventing an invasion of Britain in 1940". How far ...

    On the 10th August the British Fighter Command had only 749 fighters with which to wage the Battle of Britain. Hitler had 809 fighter planes, as well as 246 bombers that had fighting capabilities. This disadvantage was not a big problem to fighter command because the Hurricane and Spitfire were the best aircraft in production.

  1. Operation Barberossa. Hitler had wanted Russia for a long time and this was no ...

    This was because the russian winter set in, in September and this really slowed the German advance i will explain why later. However if barbarossa had gone ahead as planned on the 15th of May then a lot of Historians belive that Hitlers army would have been succesful in wiping out the russian war machine.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    By 1941, the USSR had an industrial base which allowed it to withstand the German invasion and then eventually win the war ï this was due to industrial power combined with other factors like Stalin’s leadership. 2. The Soviet economy between 1928-40 probably grew at 5-6% each year.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work