• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Britain able to stand alone against Germany between June 1940 and December 1941?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Dessislava Valeva (Jessica) Fields's House History-GCSE-Coursework Why was Britain able to stand alone against Germany between June 1940 and December 1941? Britain had a huge advantage that France did not - the English Channel. This meant that Hitler could not just march in as he did in France. He had to cross and therefore control the channel and to achieve that he had to have control of the air. The Germans came up with Operation Sea Lion. This operation was not successful because the Germans had underestimated the English potential, supply of aircraft and pilots. By 1940, Britain had 4238 fighters and produced 450 Spitfires and Hurricanes per month. In the most crucial moment: the summer and autumn of 1940, Britain produced 1900 fighters while Germany produced only 775 Messchorschmitts. Under the leadership of Beaverbrook, the weapon production was effective and the moral of the British was high. The Spitfires and Hurricanes were one of the best fighter aeroplanes in the world. ...read more.

Middle

This was crucial for the British because if they had not been able to crack the code, the new German U-boat plan (U-boats hunting in groups of 15) would have been successful. A huge mistake on the German side was that on the 3rd of September 1940, Goering switched the bombing from the British airfields to the cities. This was either because of retaliation because Churchill had ordered the bombing of Berlin, or because he thought that the RAF was virtually defeated, and he underestimated the British. This move was a catastrophe for the British civilians but it save the RAF, which if defeated would have left Britain defenceless against the German airforce. Britain had prepared for a long war (Chamberlain had been preparing for such a war when he was appeasing Hitler) was while Germany's economy was not yet able to cope with a long war. They had achieved a victory in France thorough "Blitzkrieg" but this wasn't the type of war that they were made to fight against Britain..................... ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler had been planning to take over Russia. Therefore he never completely concentrated on Britain. If he had turned his whole attention on to Britain at the time, it is most likely that he would have defeated her. It was a fact that Germany did not have the economic of military power to fight a war in two fronts. In fact Hitler offered many opportunities to Britain not to involve herself in the war but Churchill did would not agree. Hitler wanted Britain to hold on to her empire because he believed that if she was defeated, the Americans and the Russians would become even stronger. In December 1940, Hitler told his Generals that Russia is Germany's main objective. He thought he could postpone or 'on hold' the complete invasion of Britain. He believed that when Russia was defeated, Germany would have sufficient resources and power to defeat Britain. As he turned his attention on Russia, he made the biggest mistake in the war because he simply could not fight a war on two fronts. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    or more simply that I have been lucky. Well, I will tell you what has carried me to the position I have reached. Our political problems appeared complicated. The German people could make nothing of them. In these circumstances they preferred to leave it to the professional politicians to get them out of this confused mess.

  2. 'It was the strength and efficiency of the RAF which frustrated the German attempts ...

    Therefore, even though Germany was numerically superior, with 1200 bombers and 1000 fighters to 900 British fighters, the light bombers were vulnerable and British design had proved to be stronger. Therefore, decisions made by government, pre-war and pre Battle of Britain, had been vital to the success of the RAF as it had saved valuable aircraft.

  1. How did Britain Survive (June 1940-1943)?

    I have discovered quite a large amount of variation in the numbers of RAF and Luftwaffe planes that were destroyed, below is the number claimed by 'Modern World History' (Ben Walsh) of RAF and Luftwaffe planes destroyed between 1 July-31 October 1940.

  2. Why was Germany unable to defeat Britain by 1941?

    As a result of this the radar station at the Isle of Wight functioned through out the battle and gave the British vital information regarding the German targets. Another mistake Hitler made was that he stopped bombing the RAF and bombed other cities, and industries; this gave the RAF chance to recover from the loss of pilots.

  1. Russia 1905 - 1941

    In the early years of his life Lenin was exiled to Siberia from 1900 and returned to Russia in April of 1917, after the Bolshevik revolution. During the civil war Lenin introduced a policy of war communism. This policy meant that the government took control of the economy.

  2. The Battle of Britain

    and could also be used to carry supplies and ammunition to the B.E.F whose ammunition would be getting lower as each day passes. The call to the Ministry of Shipping was given to a Captain Fisher and to W & G Hynard's Sea Transport who controlled most of the overseas sea transport in the area.

  1. Why, despite the disasters of 1941, was the USSR able to defeat Germany by ...

    Certainly, Operation Barbarossa was launched later than German strategists had anticipated and for this reason the Germany army was unable to reach Moscow before the first snows of winter. Therefore, they found themselves unprepared for the harsh conditions. Secondly, Hitler decided to lay siege on Leningrad and Moscow ? rather than taking them by force.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    The Second Five Year Plan 1933-7 was built on the infrastructure provided by the first plan. It focused more on consumer goods than the first plan, but nevertheless heavy industry remained the main priority. 3. The Third Five Year Plan begun in 1938 but was disrupted by war in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work