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Why was conscription introduced in December 1916?

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Introduction

Why was conscription introduced in December 1916? The main reason why conscription was introduced was because of the needs of the war. Britain had suffered great casualties and deaths and therefore was becoming short on soldiers in 1916. This caused a surge for more soldiers and conscription was enforced by Lloyd George in January 1916 as a part of the Military Service Act. This was a very important factor for the introduction of conscription because without soldiers then Britain would have been severely handicapped in the fight on the Western Front which was still a battle that could have easily been won or lost. ...read more.

Middle

Another reason why conscription was introduced was because of the lack of voluntarism in 1915 and onwards. This was an important reason because it meant that as Britain were losing troops in the West they were not gaining anymore either because of the lack of voluntarism. This led to the decrease in fighting-fit soldiers and was obviously a big problem when fights such as the Battle of the Somme, July 1916, were killing so many British and French men. This was linked to the needs of the war because the lack of voluntarism was a cause for the shortage of men and this was a 'need' during the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is not as important as the need of the war because at the time, winning the war was more important than the economic situation in Britain therefore the increase of troops, who would eventually win the war, was more important than the lack of men helping the economy. Overall, the main reason that caused conscription in 1916 was the needs of war. This is because the lack of men fighting was the most important problem to be addressed by the Government because of the increasing power of Germany. This factor was more important than the political pressures because the lack of men and needs of war was the cause for the pressure put on Asquith. ...read more.

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