• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Hitler able to consolidate his position in power by August 1934?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was Hitler able to consolidate his position in power by August 1934? On the 30th January 1933 Hitler was appointed as the chancellor of Germany and the Nazis had risen from obscurity to complete control. However, Hitler wanted full control and dictatorship, and actively used his authority as the chancellor to increase his power and consolidate his position. 27th February 1933 saw the Reichstag fire, which gave Hitler the opportunity to damage the reputation of the Communists and to heighten the reputation of the Nazis as Dutch Communist, van der Lubbe was blamed. Hitler used it as an excuse to arrest many of his Communist opponents, and as a major platform in his election campaign of March 1933. Hitler got rid of the Communists, which made him look as though he had saved Germany from them. This also helped him to get the Nazi storm troopers arrest suspected Communists. On 23rd March he introduced the Enabling Act, which would allow him to have complete power in Germany and gave Hitler the power to pass any laws without consulting the Reichstag, and without the approval of President Hindenburg. ...read more.

Middle

This law stated that the Nazi Party was the only party allowed to exist in Germany. It laid down severe punishment for anyone who tried to set up another party. Germany was now a one-party state. Trade unions were also abolished and their offices destroyed. Workers, or companies no longer had a political voice against the Nazis and leaders of political parties and trade unions were arrested and moved to labour camps. Hitler made sure that Nazi supporters held all posts in government. Nazi officials were put in charge of the local governments, which ran the states of Germany. Hitler made sure that all civil servants and judges were Nazi supporters. Anyone who wasn't was removed from office. Hitler soon had complete control of Germany and its political, administrative and legal systems. Gleichschaltung (co-ordination) was a term used to describe the merging of many aspects German life as possible along Nazi lines. In the spring and summer of 1933, Hitler's top priority was to secure political supremacy and with this Hitler got rid of any chances of another party taking over, consolidating his power even more. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler secured the control of the Nazi party and his position as Dictator of Germany. They were rounded up and shot. Hitler told the Reichstag that he had done all this to "save the nation" from threat. The idea of Gleichschaltung was, to some extent, generated by the power and freedom exploited by the SA. The only person with higher power than Hitler was the President, Hindenburg. On 2nd August 1934, Hindenburg died aged 87. Immediately Hitler declared that he was President, as well as being Chancellor and Head of the German army. These positions meant that Hitler could now give himself the title of "Fuhrer". The Nazi control of Germany was now totally complete. All officers of the army were called on to take a personal oath of loyalty to the Fuhrer, which was critical in securing the dictatorship as it made opposition to him less likely. One method or another had removed all areas of opposition, and because of these methods, Hitler was able to consolidate his position in power by August 1934. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Was Hitler a weak dictator?

    He used effectively diplomacy, and the continuous impossibility of big powers to stop him. Even policies like Appeasement were used in order to avoid a possible war because of the actions of a dictator. For example one of Germany's enemies was Soviet Russia, not only as a nation that could be a threat to them but also racial and historically.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    In 1931 and early 1932, Hitler worked on reestablishing his ties with conservative groups in Germany. In the summer of 1931, the Nazis agreed to cooperate again with their old Young Plan referendum allies, the German Nationalists (DNVP). This led to a demonstration with parades at Bad Harzburg in October.

  1. Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor in 1933?

    this he was sent to prison and when there he realised he needed to re-think his strategy, make a more organised and powerful party. In his book Mein Kampf he underlined his new regime. The new twenty-five point programme covered many areas of society - war, voting, nationalism, industry, health, law, education, race, money and work.

  2. The Nazi take over of power between 1933 and 1934 constituted as a revolution.

    Moreover, Hitler's will to accept this political partnership with these forces led to the rise in conflict with the S.A, who's ideology was based on the idea of a social and economical revolution, which eventually led to the Night of the Long Knives in 1934.

  1. Mussolini and Hitler: Road to Power

    King Victor Emmanuel III invited Mussolini to join the coalition government, but Mussolini wanted more power and declined the offer. The king was worried that any conflict could lead to civil war. His cousin was also a know supporter of the fascists, and the king worried that he might try

  2. To what extent was the Nazi consolidation of power from 30th January 1933 until ...

    Next came the March elections. The Nazis made use of propaganda to gain more votes and police, along with unofficial pressure, to intimidate opponents - not necessarily illegal. Again, the Nazi's were able to play on the fear of communism (Reichstag fire - illegal in itself); their election slogan was 'The Battle against Marxism'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work