• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was it Stalin and not Trotsky who emerged as the leader of the USSR by 1929?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was it Stalin and not Trotsky who emerged as the leader of the USSR by 1929? After Lenin's death in 1924, there were 5 main possible candidates including Stalin, Trotsky, Kamanev, Zinoviev and Bukharin. However, the two that were in contention for Lenin's position were Trotsky and Stalin. Stalin was a very clever man, and very devious. An example of this was at Lenin's funeral. Stalin informed Trotsky the incorrect date of the event. This made Trotsky look very bad. Stalin was a ruthless man, and he made his enemies suffer one by one. Stalin's role in the communist party as General Secretary gave him immense authority. He had the power to hire, fire and promote who he felt necessary within the party. This meant that he could fire anyone in the party who he felt was a threat to him, and could hire people he trusted into high important positions. As well as this, he could organise meetings and schedule them to his own accordance which also helped him get into power. ...read more.

Middle

This was another reason that Stalin emerged as leader and not Trotsky, because Communism at home was more popular than World Communism. In 1923, at the Twelfth Party Congress, Trotsky refused to make a principle speech in place of Lenin. Instead, Stalin did who successfully dominated, whilst skilfully agreeing with Lenin's complaints about Russians trying to dominate other nationalities in the USSR. These complaints had originally been made by Lenin at Stalin, and although Trotsky could have weakened Stalin by acting upon this, he failed to do so, thus letting a great opportunity slip away. As well as this, Zinoviev was becoming concerned with Stalin's increasing power. Stalin deceivingly offered to resign, and Zinoviev turned his attention to Trotsky. This was also a big reason why Stalin emerged as leader, since once again, he had been underestimated, and was not considered a threat when really he truly was. Factionalism meant that groups who tried to disagree with the official policy and party leadership would be banned. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1926, Stalin had gained much support, and in a last desperate attempt, Trotsky, Kamanev and Zinoviev joined forces to attack Stalin. They were known as the United Opposition but by this time there actions were too late. Stalin was too powerful by this stage, and had emerged as leader since members of the Politburo had failed to recognise him as a threat. Later in the year, they published Lenin's testament. The three were expelled from the party, and by 1927 all opposition propaganda was banned, This was enforced by the Secret Police, which were also a reason why Stalin won the leadership contest. They removed anyone who went against the government. In conclusion, as a result of Trotsky's arrogance, Stalin's skills and abilities were put aside, and he was not considered a threat until it was far too late. Stalin's deviance and ruthlessness helped him to eliminate the opposition, such as his clever funeral trick, and his views on Russian policies won over the Russian people. It is because of these factors, that Stalin emerged as leader of the USSR and not Trotsky. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin

    In the long term, collectivisation increased production and improved literacy and made farms more efficient. It had many negative aspects however, 5million kulaks were killed or starved and many farmers were sent to camps for disobedience, in the short term production dropped.

  2. Stalin Vs. Trotsky.

    As the struggle developed between Trotsky and the triumvirs, Stalin counted less on his own influence than on Trotsky's vulnerability. He did not at first try to turn the struggle into a personal contest. An eye witness has told the story of how Zinoviev and Kamenev would snub Trotsky in Politburo meetings, while Stalin would greet him warmly II.

  1. Stalin and the Modernisation of the USSR

    So in conclusion, the purges did play a very important part in Stalin's control of the USSR, because it got rid of all of Stalin's rivals and opposition, and without anyone to oppose him, Stalin could get a tighter grip on the Soviet Union.

  2. How Did Trotsky Contribute To

    Without Trotsky, success may not have come so easy as he was such a popular figure people were happy to enrol and the fact that he was such a good leader helped the Bolsheviks to win the battle once again.

  1. Why Was It That Stalin, and not Trotsky that emerged as the sole leader ...

    There was also the power struggle. In this there were 4 main factors that Stalin manipulated. These Were: * Factionalism * The N.E.P. * Socialism In One Country/ permanent Revolution * His Power Base Factionalism was the Idea that if a member of the party discusses ideas which did not have the majority vote by the party.

  2. Why did Stalin, Rather than Trotsky emerge as leader of the USSR in 1929

    As this made other contenders want him to be on their side because he could deliver votes in the congress. However it was not only due to Stalin's politics and character that he emerged as leader, but to a man named Leon Trotsky he failed on many occasions to step up to the challenge as leader.

  1. Why did Stalin and not Trotsky emerge as the leader of the USSR by ...

    Trotsky reemphasised on his old theory of "permanent revolution", which was basically his stand that communism should spread beyond Russia and that a quick swift proletariat revolution should take place from the bourgeois to the socialist stage. He said that "October" had been the crucial stage in Party history, as

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Stalin put forward policies with which most party members agreed. Interpretations of Stalin?s rise to power: 1. Some historians focus on the role of individuals like Stalin himself ? analysing his decisions and seeing those and their interaction as the most important factors in major developments.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work