• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was it Stalin and not Trotsky who succeeded Lenin in 1924?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was it Stalin and not Trotsky who succeeded Lenin in 1924? While Lenin was alive (at any rate until 1922) both men had a secure place in his favor and therefore in the party as a whole. Since 1917, at least, Trotsky had supported Lenin on the main issues and seemed to have more of his candor and flexibility than Stalin. However, as Lenin sickened and died, the mutual antagonism between Trotsky and Stalin, who had never been compatible, deepened into a life and death struggle. Leon Davidovich Bronstein (Leon Trotsky) was born on October 26, 1879, son of a hard-working, thrifty, and he was a well off Jewish farmer, in the southern part of Ukraine. The family was very serious about education, and when Leon was about nine years old they let him move to the city of Odessa, to stay with his uncle and to go to school. This is where Leon developed his nice manners and intellectual personality. Where as Joseph Stalin, was born in Gori, Georgia on 21st December, 1879. ...read more.

Middle

Trotsky then joined Lenin the staff of iskra (The Spark), the Communist newspaper. Trotsky and Lenin, as intellectuals, had much respect for each other; however, in 1903 at the Second Congress of the RSDLP, the Bolsheviks were led by Lenin, while Trotsky was among the Menshevik leaders. Stalin left the seminary, and after several months of leaving Stalin was left unemployed. He eventually found work by giving private lessons to middle class children. Later, he worked as a clerk at the Trifles Observatory. He also began writing articles for the socialist Georgian newspaper, Brdzola Khma Vladimir. Trotsky returned to Russia In 1905, where he participated in the first Russian Revolution, and in December that year he was elected President of the St Petersburg Soviet. However, Trotsky and several other members of the St. Petersburg Soviet were soon arrested, and after a trial they were deported to Western Siberia in January 1907. Stalin joined the Social Democratic Labour Party In 1901, most of the leaders were living in exile, and he stayed in Russia where he helped to organize industrial resistance to Tsarism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin disliked and opposed Trotsky, and in 1927 he was expelled from the Excecutive Committe of Comintern. In 1928 Trotsky was banished to Alma Ata in Kazakhstan, and from there deported to Turkey in 1929. Stalin and Trotsky represented opposite directions for Communism. But while Trotsky used the mighty pen, Stalin implemented communist policies that were exceedingly costly both in lives, and in depriving the Soviet people from freedom. Trotsky used his writings to oppose Stalin, and to establish an alternative direction for communism, and his followers became known as Trotskyists. While Stalin was struggling with practical problems in the Soviet Union, the Trotskyists were fighting for class equality between intellectuals and capitalists. One of Trotsky's loyal sympathizers was Diego Rivera, the famous Mexican muralist, and Trotsky appears, together with Lenin, in two of Diego's murals. The first was the 'Communist Unity Panel' at the New Workers School in New York, and the second the 'Man, Controller of the Universe' mural in Mexico City. August 20th 1940 Leon Trotsky was attacked with an ice-axe in his office in Mexico City by one of Stalin's followers, and the following day Leon Trotsky died. By kate fieldhouse ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin Both Vladimir Lenin and Joseph ...

    Therefore Lenin was seen as more determined to see communism prevail. The style of government that Lenin used was completely different to that of Stalin's. While the provisional government was in control, in 1917, Lenin made a speech. This speech later became known as the April Theses.

  2. Stalin Vs. Trotsky.

    Soon, however, he became converted to Marxism, engaged in revolutionary activity, and for it spent his eighteenth birthday in jail. He was exiled to Siberia but soon escaped and arrived in London in 1902 to join Lenin. In Western Europe he met another young lady.

  1. How did Stalin, who was illustrated by Leon Trotsky himself as 'the most eminent ...

    This was much supported by the growth of bureaucratism in the Party, whereupon traditional Tsarist practices were becoming standard procedure in the USSR to which Lenin himself had opposed strongly. The Party had no policies in the beginning, thus the Bolsheviks touched and felt their way through, which created opportunities for individual advancement.

  2. Stalin and Trotsky

    Also, the book is closed symbolizing closure of an individuals' independence. The fact that the title "Dreams" is written reversed and backwards on the book represents a shift in government and a shift in an individual's role within the society.

  1. How Did Trotsky Contribute To

    The October Revolution was organised by him and Stalin, they also worked together in overthrowing the provisional government and the power being taken by the Bolshevik party. Stalin was a big figure but without Trotsky the perfect planning and arrangement of the twenty thousand man strong army put in place to guard Petrograd couldn't have been set up.

  2. Stalin succeeded as the leader to Lenin and not Trotsky for many reasons. He ...

    This meant that he seemed very loyal to the communist cause and could be trusted. Lenin appointed him General Secretary. Many of Stalin's future opposition including Trotsky underestimated the importance of this position. When Lenin fell ill just before he died Stalin made full use of his position by expelling "unsatisfactory party members".

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    There was a strong sense of ?Utopianism? (a belief in a future idealised society), planning for the ideal proletarian future. Socialist Realism: 1. Films must emphasis the important role of ordinary workers and peasants in Soviet society. 2. Films, books and theatre had to have a straightforward, optimistic and easily-understandable message that made a hero out of an ordinary person.

  2. Public health in the 18th Century

    Laissez-Faire is a French term for ?leave to do? or ?leave it alone? (Victorian Britain, 2004) and much of Britain had this attitude towards government and local authorities interventions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work