• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Mussolini appointed Prime Minister in 1922?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was Mussolini appointed Prime Minister in 1922? There were many significant reasons as to why Mussolini was appointed leader in 1922: Italy had an indecisive King, Italian Prime Minister Facta hesitated to act against the Fascists, Fascist violence, Italy's national fear of Socialists, the aftermath of World War I and Mussolini's potential as a leader all led to Mussolini's appointment as Prime Minister in 1922. Mussolini had been under great pressure for the Ras to seize power and by 1922, many Fascists considered that the time had come to seize power. Mussolini however disagreed with them and was still trying to be appointed legally. By the autumn of 1922, he was in contact with most major politicians of the formation of a new government that would include the Fascists. Italy's ruler was King Victor Emmanuel II. He was a weak man and quite incapable of providing any firm leadership for the country, as he was convinced of his own powerlessness. He did not stick to his own convictions and was swayed very easily by contemporaries. Evidence of King Victor Emmanuel's indecisive was displayed when Italian Prime Minister Facta requested martial law to quash Fascist thugs. ...read more.

Middle

There was a large fear of Socialism within the countryside that won the Fascists much support. Farmers and peasants believed that Socialists threatened their gains. There was considerable resentment over the power of Socialist Land Leagues and many farmers were prepared to take action against the Socialist threat. Many small landowners harmed by Socialist local government and worried about a Socialist revolution joined the movement. Labourers, tenants, farm managers and some better-off peasants were recruited to the squadristi and enabled the Fascist's to challenge the Socialist hold over the countryside. Many landowners and large farmers supported the Fascist movement due to its violent opposition towards the Socialists. The squadristi had no problem obtaining arms; with their anti-Socialist commitment they often received help from the army and police. By the late 1920s, the squadristi had proved so effective that urban industrialists to rural landlords, tired of the indifference of the government, were willing to pay generously for their help against Socialist trade unions. Right-wing violence was being tolerated and important economic groups were drawn towards supporting the Fascists. These groups supported them morally and gave generous financial donations. Many Liberals agreed with the Fascist violence and they were seen as defenders of the country against a left-wing takeover. ...read more.

Conclusion

Mussolini also recognised the fear of Socialism in Italy and acted upon it quickly. Some argue that the success of the Fascists was purely down to Mussolini as the Socialists were a greater party. It could be argued that Mussolini was appointed by entirely constitutional means by King Victor Emmanuel. A telegram was sent inviting Mussolini to be a member of a coalition government as the King hoped it would preserve law and order. However, others must share the blame for Mussolini's appointment, namely Prime Minister Facta and his Liberal government. The Fascists were a minority within the government and many of the elite thought that a period in office would calm them, a few politically experienced thought that their office would be as short as previous ones. Many older politicians ignored many daily acts of Fascist violence and felt the Fascist rule would be short-lived. Although it seemed that Mussolini's appointment as Prime Minister was inevitable, if the King or any politicians had acted differently in events leading up to Mussolini's appointment, it could have been a very different story. In theory, the idea of bringing the Fascists into a coalition government seemed logical and that it could be used in order to tame the movement. In reality however, the Fascists were not tamed and King Victor Emmanuel's appointment may well have been a miscalculation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Why did Mussolini come to Power in 1922? How did Mussolini consolidate his position ...

    4 star(s)

    Solandra asked the King specifically to offer Mussolini the job as Prime Minister simply because he wanted to prevent one of his liberal colleagues, Giolitti, from becoming it. In conclusion, Mussolini was able to come to power in 1922 primarily because of his ability to influence people, and if this failed, to intimidate them.

  2. Describe the motives and methods which lead to Mussolini's appointment as Prime minister in ...

    The Fascisti formed armed squads to terrorize Mussolini's former Socialist colleagues. The government seldom interfered. In return for the support of a group of industrialists and agrarians, Mussolini gave his approval to strikebreaking, and he abandoned revolutionary agitation.

  1. Mussolini(TM)s rise to power up to 1922 owes more to the failures of others ...

    Many feared a Communist takeover similar to Russia; many saw the Fascists as the only party that could save them from this. Ras and Squadrismo All over Italy Fascist activities were directed by ras, not by Mussolini. One of the most successful was Balbo who captured Ferrara and much of Romagna from the Socialists.

  2. Why did Mussolini Become Prime Minister in 1922?

    Facta then offered his resignation as Prime Minister and the king immediately accepted. With Facta having just resigned, Victor Emmanuel was forced to find a new Prime Minister. Giolitti, who Facta had been a follower of, was unlikely to succeed Facta because of his previous ineffective actions against the unions,

  1. The most important reason for Mussolini being made Prime Minister was the actions of ...

    The fear of socialism amongst Itlalians was a further reason behind Mussolini taking the role of Prime Minister in 1923. Many Italians from the elite and the upper Middle Classes were wary of a socialist revolution occurring in Italy, especially as they had just seen it take place in Russia,

  2. To What Extent Was The Failure Of The Socialist Movement Responsible For Bringing Mussolini ...

    However, along with the growing support for the Socialists came a large and growing opposition to their party, with many people fearful that an uprising similar to that found in Russia would have an extremely detrimental affect on their personal wealth.

  1. Why Did Mussolini become Prime Minister in 1922?

    conservative forces' as the conservative forces wanted to integrate fascism into the liberal system which contributed to Mussolini becoming Prime Minister. Mussolini and his speeches Robson argues that it was Mussolini's speeches and decisions which allowed him to become Prime Minister.

  2. Albert Speers Role as German Armaments Minister during the War

    ?You attracted my notice during our rounds. I was looking for an architect to whom I could entrust my building plans. I wanted someone young; for as you know these plans extend far into the future. I need someone who will be able to continue after my death with the authority I have conferred on him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work