• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Was Mussolini So Popular Between 1925 & 1936?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why Was Mussolini So Popular Between 1925 & 1936? The popularity of Mussolini's dictatorship is proved by the lack of significant opposition. Obviously this is partly due to the totalitarian nature of the Fascist regime. Yet, unlike Nazi Germany, the Italian regime did not have the capability to repress a strong public uprising. Without an organisation as feared and discreet as the Gestapo, Mussolini's rule must have been at least partly dependent on his popularity with the Italian people. In this essay I intend to explore some of the sources of this popularity and how successful the Fascists were in exploiting them. Mussolini's mass public appeal was backed by a relentless barrage of propaganda. Here, I will look at what this propaganda involved and how effective it proved to be on the Italian public. A major component of the propaganda campaign was the 'Cult of Mussolini'. The Fascists attempted to exaggerate Mussolini's qualities to near super-human levels. He was hailed as the saviour of Italy who would protect the country from the menace of Socialism and restore Italian greatness. This was achieved mainly through the Fascist control of the newspapers. An example of this is the delight in which the papers took in quoting foreign admirers of Mussolini and his regime. ...read more.

Middle

Photographs were taken of school girls saluting Mussolini's residence as they walked by and many students held strong Fascist beliefs by the time they reached university. This is shown by increased membership of the Fascist party amongst young adults. However, the regime was not in place long enough to expose sufficient generations to an education full of exaggerations and half-truths. As such Italy never became a nation full of people raised by a Fascist education system and so the changes to the system never reached their full potential. Further examples of Mussolini's attempts to increase his popularity can be found in Fascist policy towards culture. The Duce wanted to incorporate Fascism into Italian culture in order to endorse his regime and also to gain intellectual credibility and therefore add to the 'Cult of Mussolini'. The regime wanted to control culture. If they succeeded in this they would gain much greater control over the Italian people. This period was known as 'the time of the carrot and the stick'. This meant intellectuals, artists, scientists and professors were first offered incentives then threatened to bring them into line with Fascist policy towards culture. 'Carrots' included the Fascist Academy which offered good jobs and fat salaries to leading professors. ...read more.

Conclusion

This meant the Italian Fascist regime was no longer totalitarian. From the areas I have studied in this essay it appears that most attempts to increase the popularity of Mussolini only succeeded to a certain extent. Even so, from 1925 to 1936 it appears that the Duce was personally very popular. Mussolini was seen to provide stability at home and remarks from leading foreign statesmen suggested he was successful abroad. The regime did not demand excessively from the public yet provided reasonable prosperity for the public. Foreign events, such as the successes in Ethiopia fulfilled the patriotic and nationalistic needs of the Italian nation. This suggests why, to start with, Mussolini was popular and no opposition was needed. No radical overhaul of the running of the country had occurred under the Duce's dictatorship and so few people felt the need to oppose him. It is significant that penal colonies set up by the Italian Fascists held fewer than 5 000 political dissidents while the concentration camps in the more radical Nazi Germany held several hundred thousand. This would suggest that Mussolini's popularity to the masses lay in the regime's relatively relaxed style of Fascism which did not overly intrude into the private lives of the public and placed the country under no immediate threat. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How Successfully did Mussolini Consolidate Fascist Power between 1922 and 1925?

    His success at combating the Matteoti murder was also largely due to his speech to parliament in 1925. It was long overdue, six months after the crisis and proves how divided Mussolini's opposition were if they could not mobilise themselves within six months.

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    Essentially, Hitler proclaimed his will to the select few officials he surrounded himself with. These officials then ordered their administrations to act as what they believed was the will of the Fuhrer. They then competed amongst themselves to achieve this.

  1. Why did Mussolini's Fascist Party become popular in Italy after the First World War?

    Many Italians did not like this. When Mussolini tried to begin persecuting Jews, most Italians refused. To try to regain popularity Mussolini began to build an empire. He invaded Abyssinia in 1935. the Abyssinians did not have a modern army and it was an easy victory.

  2. "Mussolini knew that he could never influence those with education and culture, so his ...

    Words are not necessary to crate an immediate and strong impact where the use of colour and image are. The poster for the Olympic Games displaying a javelin thrower in line with an Italian soldier launching a grenade links Italian prowess in sport with war (Hite).

  1. To What Extent was Self-Preservation the Prime Motive of the Catholic Church's subservience to ...

    Beth Greich-Polelle believes Kulturkampf is key to understanding why the Church allowed itself to have its power removed, and in her book Bishop von Galen: German Catholicism and National Socialism she tries to relay the importance of the psychological impact that this piece of recent history would have on the Clergy.

  2. Florence Nightingale is well known for her radical innovations in nursing care.

    Her goal was to try and show the government that many young fit soldiers, with the so called "picked" life, were dying from preventable causes and wanted to stop the deaths from happening rather than putting all her efforts into curing them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work