• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Richard Arkwright so important to the Industrial Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was Richard Arkwright so important to the Industrial Revolution? Introduction Richard Arkwright was the founder of the factory. He was the first person to invent a machine that used a different form of power other than man. People called him the Father of the Industrial Revolution. Richard was a barber in Lancashire when he saw an opening in the industry for a new invention. Weaving had been speeded up by 'flying shuttles' and the thread wasn't being produced fast enough to keep up with the looms, so he used his invention, the water frame, to fill the gap and get him lots of money. The Water Frame Richard Arkwright was a business man and he made an invention called the water frame. He used it to make the thread for the looms. ...read more.

Middle

He used advertisements to get workers and their families to come to Cromford and work for him. He wanted large families so the women and children would come and work in the factory while the men worked on the looms in the house. He built houses for the workers of his factory and chapel and schools for the children when they weren't working. Life in the factory, though, wasn't very pleasant. The people worked twelve hours a day for six days a week and started work at five o' clock in the morning. There were strict rules that you had to stick to like ......... "Any person found whistling at work fined one shilling" and "Any person found with their window open fined one shilling". On each floor there was an overseer who had a whip. ...read more.

Conclusion

His factory had 5 floors and contained 10 machines. It had a long room on each floor with large windows to let in lots of light. On the ground floor outside the building was a large water wheel which powered all the machines. He used dams to form large lakes/puddles to store energy for his factory. This is because the river was very unreliable and did not always turn the wheel. Very soon there were lots of Arkwright factories all over Britain, and by 1777 he had over 500 workers working for him. Conclusion Richard Arkwright was important because he introduced a new way of working and built the first factory. He also speeded up the cloth industry which meant more goods could be produced. Arkwright was a successful cotton manufacturer. He was knighted by George III. He died in 1792 aged 59. He was a very good business man and by the time of his death he had made half a million pounds. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Some of the key points are summarised here but there is a lot of the essay that is not alluded to; the author could have answered the question more directly.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 20/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Causes of the French Revolution

    They were called the bourgeoisie or middle class. They were jealous of the privileges of the nobles.80% of the French people were peasants.

  2. A study of the dramatic role of women in Richard III.

    The woman whom we meet next is my favourite character in the play because she too is a victim like many others in the play, but is the only one who manages to defeat Richard. This is Queen Elizabeth. Queen Elizabeth is a passive character throughout most of the play until she is no longer queen.

  1. What were the causes of the French Revolution? The French Revolution began due to ...

    Also, wine prices collapsed because of over production. This was an absolute disaster for many peasants as wine was an important cash crop. The bad harvest resulted in mass unemployment. Textiles, which accounted for half of industrial production, were also very badly hit. The bad harvest ultimately contributed to the emergence of a "popular movement" of discontented workers and small traders.

  2. To what extent was Mary I successful in her attempt to re-impose Catholicism in ...

    Also, the existing Protestant clergy weren't persecuted. Of the twenty six bishops, only seven had been deprived and four of them on the excuse that they were married. Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury was put in the Tower in September 1553 for offering publicly to defend the Mass, as established in the second Edwardian Prayer Book.

  1. Why did Labour win the 1945 election and lose in the 1951 election?

    government Labour had brought about serious change and a number of reforms. The labour Government of 1945-51 passed, in total, 347 acts of parliament. These acts included the reforms set out in the Beveridge plan, various other reforms and nationalisation.

  2. What Was The Main Cause Of The First English Civil War?

    people in control, notably leader John Pym, were attempting to restrict his power and undermine the rule and policies that were in place. His fears were realized in February of 1641 when the Triennial Act was passed; preventing Charles from dissolving Parliament if and when he pleased, while enforcing a

  1. How successful were Peels social and economic reforms between 1841 and 1846?

    He also rejuvenated business confidence and greatly helped to regulate it. The Bank Charter Act of 1844 placed serious restriction on credit and had built the building blocks for future modern methods used to control the economy, another example of Peel?s competence of implementing a sense of continuity in the country; putting an emphasis on lasting.

  2. How close to revolution was Great Britain in the 1790s?

    Unions were also an issue that Pitt had to combat. There were many unions in Britain at that time, and they consisted of and represented a large chunk of the population, for example the worker?s union. Due to the sheer size of the unions they posed a big threat to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work