• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Stalin able to establish his dictatorship in Russia?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Why was Stalin able to establish his dictatorship in Russia? There are a number of reasons as to why Stalin was allowed to establish a dictatorial rule in Russia, which can be attributed largely to his skill and achievements of a politician. The political manoeuvrings of Stalin that allowed him to gain political influence were fundamental in terms an increased official authority. Stalin demonstrated excellent initiative in both cultivating his own popularity and exploiting the failures of his opponents, but we should not overlook the power he attained due to the appeal and success of his policies and ideals. These factors combined allowed Stalin a strong basis for the establishment of a dictatorial regime, but it was likely his use of terror, corruption and propaganda that finally rendered him a position of unchallenged dictator. The political manoeuvrings of Stalin that allowed him to gain victory over his rivals was the first important step in his rise to power that preceded his dictatorship. The first instance of this may be seen in Stalin?s pure deviousness in achieving an advantage over his main competitor, Trotsky. Stalin informed Trotsky of the incorrect date for Lenin?s funeral, meaning that Trotsky missed the funeral on the 26th of January 1924 and appeared to lack respect for his predecessor, while Stalin acted as chief mourner. The further destroying of Lenin?s ?Final Testament? that warned of Stalin gaining too much power and various other criticisms ensured that Stalin retained a flawless background, keeping him the most eligible candidate for power. ...read more.


Perhaps Stalin?s greatest point of likeability that would have lent him initial support lies within his image as a dedicated, simplistic peasant, the son of a shoemaker and married to an old Bolshevik?s daughter. This contrasted very favourably with the rest of the party that consisted mainly of intellectuals, making him more a ?man of the people?, an ideal candidate to embrace the role of dictating the dictatorship of the proletariat. Further efforts in propaganda include the formation of the ?Cult of Lenin?, in which Lenin was near-deified, reinforced by Stalin?s founding of ?The Lenin Institute? in January 1924, giving the people the impression that he, like them, considered Lenin to be the epitome of revolutionary spirit, and would do all he could to continue tradition of a Leninist dictatorship. These exercises of impressing propaganda upon the public would have led the population of Russia to feel Stalin the most relatable of any potential successor, making the acceptance and imposition of Stalin?s dictatorship an easy one, and lowering the resistance and opposition that someone taking on such a position may otherwise be concerned about. The appointment of younger, Stalinist politicians into important posts after the purges further made Stalin?s cause relatable to an enthused and indoctrinated younger generation. This assisted in the maintenance of Stalin?s absolute dictatorship and allowed him to interpret Leninism on a more abstract level and manipulate it to his own means, as younger politicians would not be well-versed in traditional, orthodox Leninism, and felt less comfortable confronting their leader about it. ...read more.


up to the standards of the European capitalist states, with such achievements as machinery output increasing four-fold, and the restoration of almost all pre-1914 outputs. The success of Stalin as a leader through his policies and the changes he made were fundamental to the development of his dictatorship, and it was because of his capability as a politician that he could achieve a political standing to exert his later efforts of terror and propaganda. There are numerous aspects to the rise of Stalin that allowed him to achieve dominance as a dictator in Russia. The role of both propaganda and terror, especially in the latter years of his establishment, are undeniable factors in his rise though were only able to be exercised once Stalin had reached a level of respect and esteem in politics through his own achievements. It may be suggested that Stalin achieved a position of influence initially through political manoeuvrings and manipulation, and through this development was then able to capture the support of the people and remaining politicians through the merit of his policies. Through a combination of support gained through successes enhanced by propaganda, and elements of terror to ensure that support was unconditional, Stalin established a dictatorship that could not be challenged. When this is focussed on the question and linked effectively, this is top class. You use examples well in places. The style is strong and you come to a fair conclusion. Your economic section loses focus a little and there is a drift into narrative in places. 14/25 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Lenin and his Achievements.

    There Lenin gave the Germans almost all the land they wanted in return for peace in Russia. Eventhough the peace of land given away was Russians key industrial region it was a smart thing to do. This is because Lenin thought if the Germans won he was going to lose

  2. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * What is open to debate is how much of the Terror was directed from the Centre, and how much a result of local forces getting out of control. * Were some of the worst acts of terror either settling of old scores or examples of enthusiasm for building socialism?

  1. Explain how Stalin was able to create a personal dictatorship in the USSR in ...

    As for not being the favored choice Stalin managed to outmaneuver Trotsky to become extremely dominate within the Politburo. Trotsky in the past had made himself very unpopular within the party as he had switched sides in 1917 and that he was arrogant where as Stalin had been in the

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    Lenin, quoted by E.H. Carr said, "There cannot be two powers in the State". This shows that the Bolsheviks did not subscribe to the notion that dual power was a workable option. It also helps to explain the appeal of the Bolsheviks to the people of Russia during the disruptions which became known as the July days.

  1. To what extent was equality achieved under Stalin?

    their mothers and fathers..."53 This profound statement reflects the terrible unequal acts that took place under Stalin. Equality: Gender and Personal Expression Lenin had felt that the rights of women were an important first step to achieving communism. Under the Tsars, women were habitually denigrated; peasant proverbs, such as "The

  2. Why did the Bolshevik establish a dictatorship in Russia in the period 1918-24? - ...

    In the Civil war, the white consisted of many forces, made an attempt to overthrow the Bolshevik government. This Civil war was unsuccessful mainly due to the fact that the Bolshevik's were in complete control of the country and so had many advantages such as the army, uses of taxes, railway etc.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Very few private businesses existed in the 1930s and those that did were deprived of resources and state run businesses got their orders from the centre. Businesses had to carry out ‘the plan’ ï set out details of wage rates, prices, output etc. Gosplan coordinated the plan at the centre.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    Thousands of dirty traks were turned into metaled rocks. New waterawys and airports, these airports allowed to travel the length and Breadth of the country. This second Plan gave industry top priority. It is to mention that communications became important to link cities and industrial centres. The third Plan ran 3 years, when Russia entered the Second World War,at the same time ended with the German invasion in 1941.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work