• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Stalin able to establish his dictatorship in Russia?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Why was Stalin able to establish his dictatorship in Russia? There are a number of reasons as to why Stalin was allowed to establish a dictatorial rule in Russia, which can be attributed largely to his skill and achievements of a politician. The political manoeuvrings of Stalin that allowed him to gain political influence were fundamental in terms an increased official authority. Stalin demonstrated excellent initiative in both cultivating his own popularity and exploiting the failures of his opponents, but we should not overlook the power he attained due to the appeal and success of his policies and ideals. These factors combined allowed Stalin a strong basis for the establishment of a dictatorial regime, but it was likely his use of terror, corruption and propaganda that finally rendered him a position of unchallenged dictator. The political manoeuvrings of Stalin that allowed him to gain victory over his rivals was the first important step in his rise to power that preceded his dictatorship. The first instance of this may be seen in Stalin?s pure deviousness in achieving an advantage over his main competitor, Trotsky. Stalin informed Trotsky of the incorrect date for Lenin?s funeral, meaning that Trotsky missed the funeral on the 26th of January 1924 and appeared to lack respect for his predecessor, while Stalin acted as chief mourner. The further destroying of Lenin?s ?Final Testament? that warned of Stalin gaining too much power and various other criticisms ensured that Stalin retained a flawless background, keeping him the most eligible candidate for power. ...read more.

Middle

Perhaps Stalin?s greatest point of likeability that would have lent him initial support lies within his image as a dedicated, simplistic peasant, the son of a shoemaker and married to an old Bolshevik?s daughter. This contrasted very favourably with the rest of the party that consisted mainly of intellectuals, making him more a ?man of the people?, an ideal candidate to embrace the role of dictating the dictatorship of the proletariat. Further efforts in propaganda include the formation of the ?Cult of Lenin?, in which Lenin was near-deified, reinforced by Stalin?s founding of ?The Lenin Institute? in January 1924, giving the people the impression that he, like them, considered Lenin to be the epitome of revolutionary spirit, and would do all he could to continue tradition of a Leninist dictatorship. These exercises of impressing propaganda upon the public would have led the population of Russia to feel Stalin the most relatable of any potential successor, making the acceptance and imposition of Stalin?s dictatorship an easy one, and lowering the resistance and opposition that someone taking on such a position may otherwise be concerned about. The appointment of younger, Stalinist politicians into important posts after the purges further made Stalin?s cause relatable to an enthused and indoctrinated younger generation. This assisted in the maintenance of Stalin?s absolute dictatorship and allowed him to interpret Leninism on a more abstract level and manipulate it to his own means, as younger politicians would not be well-versed in traditional, orthodox Leninism, and felt less comfortable confronting their leader about it. ...read more.

Conclusion

up to the standards of the European capitalist states, with such achievements as machinery output increasing four-fold, and the restoration of almost all pre-1914 outputs. The success of Stalin as a leader through his policies and the changes he made were fundamental to the development of his dictatorship, and it was because of his capability as a politician that he could achieve a political standing to exert his later efforts of terror and propaganda. There are numerous aspects to the rise of Stalin that allowed him to achieve dominance as a dictator in Russia. The role of both propaganda and terror, especially in the latter years of his establishment, are undeniable factors in his rise though were only able to be exercised once Stalin had reached a level of respect and esteem in politics through his own achievements. It may be suggested that Stalin achieved a position of influence initially through political manoeuvrings and manipulation, and through this development was then able to capture the support of the people and remaining politicians through the merit of his policies. Through a combination of support gained through successes enhanced by propaganda, and elements of terror to ensure that support was unconditional, Stalin established a dictatorship that could not be challenged. When this is focussed on the question and linked effectively, this is top class. You use examples well in places. The style is strong and you come to a fair conclusion. Your economic section loses focus a little and there is a drift into narrative in places. 14/25 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    How much was Stalin involved in the Terror? * There is no doubt that Stalin was closely involved in setting the Terror in progress, or in key decisions about the Show Trials. He personally signed the death warrants for thousands of the victims. * He also made the key speech in March 1939 at the Party Congress that brought the full force of the Terror to an end.

  2. Reorganizing the truth and disseminating lies: Manipulation in Blade Runner and Maus.

    In the final scene of Blade Runner, Batty affirms this notion: "It's quite an experience to live in fear...that's what it is to be a slave" (Blade Runner 1:45:12).

  1. What is dictatorship?

    in 1933, Francisco Franco of Spain in 1939, and Augusto Pinochet of Chile in 1973. Taking Adolph Hitler as an example. Hitler spread death as no person has done in modern history. "Have no pity! Act brutally!" he told his soldiers.

  2. On dictatorship.

    Dictatorship is a testimony of the theory of evolution. Dominance of the fittest and the most daring is the essence of any autocracy. Absolute democracy will never work. It has the habit of packing it in at the most crucial moments of decision-making and cranking out the most ridiculous vanity such as the GM foods fiasco.

  1. To what extent was equality achieved under Stalin?

    This symbolises precisely what the state had become under Stalin: an unequal bureaucracy where one man's ideals are true and all other views are fundamentally wrong and punishable. This one party state, dominated by one leader, backed up by the NKVD, was an extreme police state, far exceeding the levels

  2. To what extent were the Stalinist purges simply a way of eliminating his rivals?

    However despite this, his influence continued to strengthen. Stalin would have seen Kirov as a possible threat to his position, for not only was Kirov of an entirely different caliber of politician, he had openly opposed Stalin already on a number of issues.

  1. Explain how Stalin was able to create a personal dictatorship in the USSR in ...

    As for not being the favored choice Stalin managed to outmaneuver Trotsky to become extremely dominate within the Politburo. Trotsky in the past had made himself very unpopular within the party as he had switched sides in 1917 and that he was arrogant where as Stalin had been in the

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Stalin used the Kirov assassination to implement the first large-scale purge of the 1930s. His personal role was crucial, although revisionist historians tend to downplay this aspect and have focussed on other driving factors. Interpretations of the terror: 1. State violence was an integral part of the Soviet system.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work