• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the Bolshevik regime able to defeat its opponents by 1922?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was the Bolshevik regime able to defeat its opponents by 1922? By the end of 1919, with only a few isolated groups of Anti-Bolsheviks fighting, the Bolshevik regime was evidently winning the Russian Civil War. The reasons which lie behind their ability to defeat all their opponents by 1922 is mainly due to a well-disciplined and equipped army, Lenin's strong, purposeful leadership and the advantage of the disunity of the Anti-Bolshevik force. The Russian Civil War started when serious fighting broke out in May 1918 during the transportation of 45,000 Czech prisoners of war to Vladivostok with the Soviets of a town on the railway. As more Czech prisoners of war joined in the fight, the Trans-Siberian Railway and the towns along its route were seized by them and anti-Bolsheviks consisting of Socialist Revolutionaries, democrats, landlords, nobles and Armies of intervention rushed to join in. The 'White' army as they became known set up their own governments. The Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly (Komuch) organized the anti-Bolsheviks into a 'People's Army' and began to launch attacks. ...read more.

Middle

Some wanted a more democratic system of government, many favored monarchy, others were resentful towards the way the Bolsheviks pushed the Socialist Revolutionaries out of the Constituent Assembly while the Armies of Intervention wanted to get Russia back into the World War I. Therefore, although the whites had large numbers of soldiers, they never used that to their advantage, but in fact fought in their own scattered groups. This was another reason in which the Bolshevik regime was able to defeat its opponents by 1922. The Red Army had the advantage of holding a 'central position', defending the centre of Moscow, the army was not scattered but fought as a united force, whilst the White Armies was never a united force and Trotsky was almost always able to fight them one at a time. Trotsky's excellent military leadership was one of the main contributions to the winning of the Civil War; he directed the movements of the Red Army, delivered supplies and ensured that encouragement were given while troublemakers were dealt with severely. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their fear was that the Tsar may be rescued and made leader of the White Army, which would be a very possible thing as some of the Whites consisted of nobles and landlords who wanted the old monarchy back. Thus, by executing the ex-Tsar and his family, it led to many supporters of the old government system from the Whites withdrawing from the war as their hope of restoring the old monarchy ended. With not much chance of winning the Civil War, the foreign Armies of Intervention withdrew from the war in 1919. By then most of the Whites have also withdrawn from the war, and by the end of 1919 only a few isolated groups of Whites remained fighting, who were easily crushed by the Reds. There was another revolt of 10,000 sailors at Kronstadt, in March 1921 a naval base near Petrograd in opposition to War Communism, a system of communism introduced during the Civil War to keep the Red Army supplied with food and weapons. However, the Red Army easily defeated them greatly outnumbering the sailors with 60,000 troops. The Bolshevik regime finally ended these four years of bitter fighting in the Russian Civil War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How far were White weaknesses responsible for Red success in Russian Civil War?

    proven by the Volga Famine in 1920-21, in which more than 3 million people died. It can be argued that Lenin created a machinery of terror and a police state, as the Bolsheviks set up concentration and labour camps for the opposition.

  2. American History.

    So on August 7, Washington told the rebels to stop and called on 13,000 militiamen [he led 'em, too] to march up there. By the time they got there the rebellion had stopped, but Washington's action had LT effects b/c it demonstrated that the nat'l gov't would no longer tolerate violent resistance to its laws.

  1. To what extent was the Civil War the main factor in the Bolshevik

    three years...By the close of 1920 all the crusades launched by the imperialists and their allies in Russia were routed...This was a signal victory in defence of Soviet power"3. This source was published under the direction of the Soviet government implying that there may have been other factors that would

  2. How were the reds able to defeat the whites in the Russian civil war

    This caused one of the worst famines ever recorded. There was also terror against the church. They took every valuable item belonging to the church and tried to crush their existence. The Reds ruthlessly geared the whole economy to winning the civil war through the policy of 'War Communism'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work