• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis? Although both Italy and Abyssinia were supposed to do as the league told them to do, if Italy didn't agree with the leagues decision then they weren't going to listen to it as the Italian leader Mussolini was quite prepared to go to war with Abyssinia. The question that the league had to take was what to do with Italy if they took this action. The problem that the league had was that the action they took depended on the actions of the French and the British who were the two great powers in the league and they wanted Italy as a future ally against Germany so they didn't want to be too harsh with Italy in case they then wouldn't help against Germany. In January 1935, the French foreign minister, Laval, met with Mussolini in Rome for a number of secret meetings. In these secret meetings they made some secret agreement some of these involved Abyssinia and yet Abyssinia wasn't even there so one of the major powers was making secret agreements with the country that is almost certainly ready to go to war. The whole idea of the league was to stop aggressors and yet here they were trying to come to some sort of deal with them. Because of these meetings Mussolini thought that both Britain and France wouldn't object at Italy gaining another African colony of its own as both Britain and France had colonies of their own. Then when Italy did try to gain these colonies Britain spoke out and warned them against it. Sir Samuel Hoare made a speech to the league calling for "collective resistance to any Italian aggression". When Italy did invade it looked like Hoars words had finally made the league do something to a major aggressor as the league placed sanctions on Italy. ...read more.

Middle

Sir Samuel Hoare made a speech to the league calling for "collective resistance to any Italian aggression". When Italy did invade it looked like Hoars words had finally made the league do something to a major aggressor as the league placed sanctions on Italy. However, the sanctions were not placed upon the essentials for war, iron, coal and oil because Britain and France were worried about provoking Mussolini any more than they had to. They even let Italy use the Suez Canal to supply their army; they could have closed it which would probably have stopped the Italian invasion outright. Secretly Britain and France agreed a plan that they thought would bring the invasion to an end. Abyssinia would be split up with Italy getting the fertile lands and a large area to the south would be reserved for Italian economic advancement. Neither Italy nor Abyssinia was involved in these "talks". These "talks" were then leaked to the press. So everyone knew that the British and French and the league were ready to just give in and give the aggressors what they wanted. With this the Italians then fully invaded Abyssinia and the league do nothing to stop it as the two main powers didn't want too provoke the Italians. So basically it was because Britain and France were too worried about what might happen to them if Italy wasn't on their side. And they were worried about this because they were scared of Germany, and if Germany attacked they wanted Italy as an ally. Although both Italy and Abyssinia were supposed to do as the league told them to do, if Italy didn't agree with the leagues decision then they weren't going to listen to it as the Italian leader Mussolini was quite prepared to go to war with Abyssinia. The question that the league had to take was what to do with Italy if they took this action. ...read more.

Conclusion

The question that the league had to take was what to do with Italy if they took this action. The problem that the league had was that the action they took depended on the actions of the French and the British who were the two great powers in the league and they wanted Italy as a future ally against Germany so they didn't want to be too harsh with Italy in case they then wouldn't help against Germany. In January 1935, the French foreign minister, Laval, met with Mussolini in Rome for a number of secret meetings. In these secret meetings they made some secret agreement some of these involved Abyssinia and yet Abyssinia wasn't even there so one of the major powers was making secret agreements with the country that is almost certainly ready to go to war. The whole idea of the league was to stop aggressors and yet here they were trying to come to some sort of deal with them. Because of these meetings Mussolini thought that both Britain and France wouldn't object at Italy gaining another African colony of its own as both Britain and France had colonies of their own. Then when Italy did try to gain these colonies Britain spoke out and warned them against it. Sir Samuel Hoare made a speech to the league calling for "collective resistance to any Italian aggression". When Italy did invade it looked like Hoars words had finally made the league do something to a major aggressor as the league placed sanctions on Italy. However, the sanctions were not placed upon the essentials for war, iron, coal and oil because Britain and France were worried about provoking Mussolini any more than they had to. They even let Italy use the Suez Canal to supply their army; they could have closed it which would probably have stopped the Italian invasion outright. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the League of Nations fail?

    5 star(s)

    The long-term causes are those that had set roots long before the actual failure of the League. Long-term, the following factors led up to the failure of the League: i. The respective failures of 'moral force' and collective security. ii.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    Among the larger cities only Heidelberg, Celle, and Flensberg remained intact, with L�beck and Bamberg not too badly hit. But Kassel, N�rnberg, Cologne, Mannheim, Darmstadt, Essen, Koblenz, and W�rzburg seemed almost completely destroyed. Berlin, Dresden, Breslau, Munich, Hamburg, Mainz, and Frankfurt were almost as badly damaged.

  1. Fascism in Italy

    by organising the labour unions and installing the 'eight hour day' Mussolini won over many socialists and by 1924 Mussolini had become Prime Minister and had all the powers of a dictator. Mussolini's objectives were to strengthen the authority of the state and encourage national syndicates (labour unions).

  2. Fascist Italy

    The next day, the public watched his triumphant march with 50,000 'Blackshirts' at Mussolini's side, unaware that an amicable decision had already been made. The main source of propaganda was Mussolini's Press Office, later renamed the Ministry of Popular Culture (MINCULPOP).

  1. Compare and contrast the situation in Italy 1919-22 with that in Germany 1919-29.

    exiled to Holland and the SPD leader Freidrich Ebert would lead as 'chancellor' of the country. The Germans in 1919 were forced into agreeing to the terms of the treaty of Versailles including the 'guilt of war clause' which shocked the people and the call for reparations in addition.

  2. Facist Italy by John Whittam - review

    Conversely, the only criticism found in the book was the names of the historians which are recorded in the bibliography rather than in the text itself. Whittam hoped that readers will not find this peculiarity too disturbing; however, it makes it an easier read, due to the fact that some

  1. "The League of Nations representedno more than

    But whenever some idea was about to be passed against these offending nations, it was vetoed by the offending nations themselves and as a result no action was taken against them simply because a unanimous vote was needed. Also since these nations were in the Security Council they had slightly more power to do what they wanted.

  2. Why and with what consequences did Italy go to war with Abyssinia in 1955?

    Fascism is Ideological and favours war. So to keep this ideology on the boil and to keep the dream of a powerful Italy, like the times of Ancient Rome, Mussolini invaded Abyssinia. Domestically Mussolini needed to get the Italian economy going.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work