• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was there a reformation in Germany in the 16th century?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Why was there a reformation in Germany in the early 16th century? In 1500, the Roman church was all powerful in Western Europe, there was no legal alternative. The jealousy the Catholic Church held guarded its position. Anyone who was deemed to be against the Catholic Church would be named as a 'heretic' and would be burnt at stake. They did not tolerate any deviance, they did not want to be portrayed to be weak. The power that the Church contained had been built up over centuries and relied on the ignorance and the superstition of the population. It was indoctrinated into the people that the only way to heaven was via the church. A significant problem was that the church was corrupt. Even though priests, monks and nuns took vows of chastity, obedience and poverty ? they weren't always kept. For example, some priests had children. Another issue was that the church was very wealthy. It would sell things, such as Saints' bones, hair or clothing. Divine intercession could be bought if you had lived a sinful life. ...read more.

Middle

Powerful politics ? bishops in competition with lords and kings. 1) benefices, unusual kind of thief not gonna be passed down family. Premises becomes vacant. One of the world?s leading medievalists explores medieval hearts and minds to find out what really motivated our ancestors. Examining power, beliefs, family and knowledge, this series looks at the similarities and differences to modern life. Why did people believe in demons? How quickly did children have to grow up? Did the concept of courtly love help or hinder women? We visit archaeological digs, historic monuments and scientific laboratories to discover the hopes, fears and passions of the medieval world. Power The traditional model of medieval society divided people into ?those who pray, those who fight and those who work?, assuming that most people were priests, knights or peasants. Examining paintings and illuminated manuscripts, we uncover the more complex reality, consider the impact of urban revolts and look at the groups who did not fit into the simplistic picture, including townsmen, traders and women. The role of kings and queens was also more complex. ...read more.

Conclusion

Each invention made possible further innovations; mill power was used to hammer metal and produce paper and reading glasses doubled the working lives of specialist craftsmen. Newly built ships enabled an era of exploration. Missionaries, envoys and merchants travelled from Western Europe into Asia, dispelling myths of cannibals and dog-headed creatures. These early voyages led eventually to Columbus?s journey to America and modern colonialism 3 Now it is time for your third task to pull everything you have been listening to together. Answer the following question in 3 paragraphs. ?Why was there a Reformation in Germany in the early 16th century?? Limit your answer to 700 words in total. Paragraph 1 Explain the problems with the Roman Catholic Church that existed by the 16th century. Paragraph 2 Explain the particular situation in Germany that made her so happy to have a Reformation. Paragraph 3 Explain how the medieval mind worked.Cahotlic church 1. 2. spiritial power becomes important ? socially + ecomically and political oneqences. No longer dependant on clergy on masses or buying indlugences which funds the papency ? its free 3. political power ? clergy ? bishops. All priets, supervie other priest in other churces, hold a benefice (church thief, king grants land to a noble man in return for military service', ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Extended Essay: Bismarck and The Unification of Germany

    5 star(s)

    They also thought more educated classes should have a say in parliament. Many criticised Metternich's power over Austria and influence over the states. As these views spread, Prince Metternich became very worried. He thought that if these ideas were allowed to spread further, Austria's power would be threatened.

  2. The Pendle Witches - A Story of Witchcraft and Revenge

    the story of the witch's sabbat and claimed that during the meeting, plans were made to attack Lancaster gaol, murder the gaoler, and free the accused prisoners. James Device, Elizabeth Device, Alice Nutter, James Bulcock, Jane Bulcock, Margaret Pearson, Katherine Hewitt and Isobel Robey were all identified by Jennet as

  1. How important was the role of the princes in bringing about the success of ...

    Luther spent most of his time writing. These works included, "Dr martin Luther's warning to his dear German people", more prayer books and methods of Lutheranism. These publications would help to keep momentum in the fight for the Reformation and would show the people that he still cared and was doing what he could do what he thought was right and what the people wanted.

  2. Free essay

    Why was Martin Luther so popular by 1521?

    Nevertheless, the conflict with Rome proved to be a significant source of support for Luther. Additionally, a crucial factor for Luther's gain in popularity was the fragmented and decentralised political structure of Germany at the time. With no centralised government, no sufficient effort was made to prevent of the spread of Lutheran ideas.

  1. Cities were the main driving force of the Reformation in Germany(TM) " explain whether ...

    As Lutheran Princes followed Luther, more Princes were influenced and some took the attitude of 'safety in numbers'. Although, some Princes were committed believers in Luther's message such as John of Saxony. Many were pressured by the local lay people into adopting Lutheranism, such as Archbishop of Mainz at Erfurt.

  2. How important was the Society of Jesus in the Catholic Reformation?

    The Council of Trent established several decrees on doctrine, including that authority lay equally in the Bible and in the traditions of the Church, the Church alone and the power of interpret the Scripture, the existence of seven core sacraments, and that the traditional Catholic version of the Mass was correct.

  1. 'Financially dependent, without property and denied a political and legal status.' To what extent ...

    On the other hand, the stage of being widowed, was when aristocratic women were considered most powerful with procurement of land, income, and political power. For instance, dowry land would be returned to her. In addition, the widowed woman would acquire income from one third of the dead husband?s estate.

  2. How accurate is it to say that the controversy over indulgences were merely the ...

    The Clergy was becoming less educated and many did not understand what they were preaching, especially as it was spoken in Latin, this made the church a far less habitable place to reach god, especially considering they had to pay tithe to the church.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work