• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917? In this essay I will be finding out why the Bolsheviks were able to take power in October 1917. The main body will consist of three parts. Firstly, the reasons why the Provisional Government in Russia had lost support due to the problems in Russia that were not handled by them. Secondly, the reasons why the Bolsheviks had gained power because of the growing support in different social classes and events that took place that made people favour the Bolsheviks. Thirdly, the role of Lenin in the Bolshevik party and how did he make the party emerge as one of the least favoured party of the country, to the ruling party. As the majority of the population was the peasantry, Provisional Government supporters were a minority because of its bourgeois members and issues that were ignored, such as the land issue, as the revolution occurred peasants expected their own piece of land. The Provisional Government was not elected which as all its members knew and because of this there was a lack of authority. ...read more.

Middle

Around 400,000 soldiers died and some regiments deserted and mutinied. As a result of this and the government's incapacity to deal with the country's problems, demonstrations were held by the Bolsheviks and other socialist parties, this came to be known as the "July Days". Many Bolsheviks were arrested but Lenin was able to escape to Finland. On 3 July the Bolshevik slogan 'Peace, Bread & Land' and 'All power to the Soviets' were chanted. Later, General Kornilov carried out a coup by trying to take power and take control of Petrograd. Then the Provisional Government made a big mistake, by arming workers to stop the coup, but who ere left wing supporters. These events and the inability for the Provisional Government to help the country brought out the decline of it which gave more support towards the Petrograd Soviet which later helped the Bolsheviks. Throughout 1917 Lenin's party, the Bolsheviks had gradually grown and decided it was time for a full-scale revolution. The Bolsheviks had printed a special version of Pravda for the front line troops and ensured an end of war policy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lenin was a very intellectual man who dominated discussion in the Bolshevik party with his annoying, but convincing language and way of talking. Most of the times he pursued unpopular policies but would eventually convince his comrades to accept his views. Lenin was the man who constructed the vital propaganda for the front line troops, speeches, April Theses, Pravda etc. which turned out to be one of the key factors for the Bolsheviks seizing power. He was known for being a paranoid person and it was not justified whether Trotsky accepted Lenin's views on the timing of the revolution, or vice-versa, or they compromised. By this we can see that Lenin's role in the party was vital for the Bolsheviks due to his intelligence and urge to make the Bolshevik party rulers of Russia. From this we can see various reasons as to why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power due to the fall of the Provisional Government, gain of support of the Bolsheviks and Lenin's role in the Bolshevik. These factors have been narrowed down to specifics including events and facts of Russian society at the time. By Kunal Gokal ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. "Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in Oct/Nov of 1917

    absolutely critical to the party and a major reason why the Bolsheviks did seize power in Oct/Nov 1917. Most importantly, it was the inherent weaknesses of the Provisional Government that allowed the Bolsheviks to seize power in late 1917. Kerensky was a weak leader and because of this decision making was poor and there was no strength within the government.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    It seems clear that if Lenin had not been present in 1917, or if he had chosen to pursue another line of policy, the Mezhraionsty would have remained true to their internationalist ideals and would have continued to oppose both the war and the policies of the Provisional Government.

  1. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

    The promise of land redistribution gained the tactic support of the peasants. Lenin was seen as a great leader of the Bolsheviks, his power and prestige in the party meant he could force through policy decisions such as the April thesis, and he also persuaded the party to have the October Revolution.

  2. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power successfully in November 1917?

    This statement was issued by Lenin using the telephone exchange and the telegraph station which were captured: 'To the citizens of Russia! The provisional Government is overthrown!' Lenin. Also the Railway station and the bridges are very important so they can get things in and out.

  1. The Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917 mainly because of the effects of ...

    Gold standard was abandoned which allowed the government to put more notes into circulation in short term this allowed wages to be paid and commerce to continue but in long term made the money practically worthless. This resulted in severe inflation which became particularly acute in 1916, between 1914-1916 earnings doubled while the price of food and fuel quadrupled.

  2. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 mainly because of the ...

    It then expanded its base to include soldiers. The Soviet had control over postal service and railways in Petrograd, and it was getting to the point that the Provisional government couldn?t do anything without its support. This was illustrated by Order number 1 which urged soldiers to only obey the

  1. Lenin's leadership was the main reason why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power ...

    Crucially it gave the Bolsheviks the excuse for action as they claimed that Kerensky was attacking the Soviet; destroying what popularity Kerensky had left and forcing him to flee. Failing to deal with the Kornilov affair and the underestimation of Bolshevik power created a power vacuum that only the Bolsheviks could fill.

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the provisional government were the main factors ...

    allowed the Bolsheviks more influence and led to militia factions of Bolshevik support. Whilst the Bolsheviks support grew according to Acton, the SR?s support base was sticking by them. The SR?s were well organised at a local level amongst the peasants, this meant they were very active and successful in local direct action, which gained them a considerable local following.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work