• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power successfully in November 1917?

Extracts from this document...


Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power successfully in November 1917? In November 1917 the Bolsheviks seized power of Petrograd, Russia's capital. The Bolsheviks were a socialist group who wanted to overthrow the Provisional Government. I will divide my essay into 3 groups - the mistakes of the provisional government, the appeal of the Bolsheviks, and the actually events of 6th to the 8th of November 1917 when the Bolsheviks captured Petrograd and began there control of Russia. Firstly the Provisional Government had made many mistakes and a lot of people disliked them and thought it was time for them to go. This was a big factor in helping the Bolsheviks revolution. The First World War, which was very unpopular, was still going on. There were great casualties and the 'July Offensive' had failed dismally. The 'July Offensive' was the Russian army's attempt to push up on the Germans. Instead it resulted in large casualties and Russia losing ground to the Germans. People began to support the Bolsheviks as they had promised to stop this unpopular and unsuccessful war. ...read more.


They were supported by the soviets; these were like workers councils or unions. This meant that most of the working class supported the Bolsheviks. This was a big factor as Petrograd, Russia's capital and the Bolsheviks first target, was an industrial working class city. The Bolsheviks were lead be professional revolutionaries. This meant that people like Lenin had spent most of their life planning for this. They were very well organised and when it came to a revolution they could do it very effectively and quickly. Lenin, who was also known as 'The Pen' was very good at writing and getting his message to the people. He wrote his April Theses, which in it he writes 'Peace, Bread, land, all power to the soviets' Lenin This made the Bolsheviks very popular. Especially the 'Peace, bread, land' part as it was easy to say even if you couldn't read. The peasants (which made up over 70% of the population) also began to support the Bolsheviks. ...read more.


The Bolsheviks had gained a lot of support from a lot of important groups. A large part of the army and some of the navy had lent their support to the Bolsheviks, including the Aurora Warship that was used to shoot at important targets. This was very influential to the eventual overthrow of the Provisional Government. Also the Soviets supported the Bolsheviks, especially important as Petrograd was a working class city and the Soviets could help fund the revolution. The Provision Government had very little support from the army. Only the Women's Battalion and the Cadet Officers defended the Winter Palace. However they did have support of an army battalion but they did not come to their rescue 'They were expected, but didn't come' Kerensky (leader of Provisional Government) In conclusion there were many factors to the over throw of the Provisional Government. The main problems for the Provisional Government being the unpopularity of World War One, Freedom of speech, giving the Bolsheviks weapons, Lenin's survival, the Bolsheviks tactics in the November 1917 uprising and the lack of support of the army for the Provisional Government. By Russell Wright 10NM ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    They were later stopped when Kerensky claimed that Lenin was a spy for the Germans, and loyal troops broke the rioters. However when they deafened Petrograd from Kornilov's attack they were treated as heroes. The Bolsheviks had more power and support than ever before and revolution looked like a real possibility.

  2. Why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    This eventually caused hostility between the two groups due to this multiparty ruling, the provisional government were being over-ruled and this left them in a very shaky position.

  1. "The Bolsheviks did not seize power, they picked it up." How well does this ...

    There were still many entries the Bolsheviks could take. There was also a lack of security around the Winter place as they had cadets who were just in training therefore they were not qualified, there were women volunteers who wouldn't have implemented their roles as well as a practiced male

  2. How important was Lenin in bringing about the Bolshevik revolution of November 1917?

    Kerensky thought he might have wanted to overthrow the Provincial Government as well and take power for himself. Trotsky was the temporary Bolshevik leader as Lenin was in Finland after the July Days. It is probably true that Lenin was in contact with Trotsky while he was in hiding, but

  1. How and why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

    by the armies of Russia, now they had yet more respect from the normal people respect from the army, and guns. Finally after months of planning and yet more propaganda producing and soviet infiltrating the Bolsheviks were ready to make their move, the Red Guard marched through Petrograd taking control

  2. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in October 1917?

    As you can see the Bolsheviks were able to appeal to most people's needs in a very short period of time. Only the middle class was still mostly supporting the Kadets and Provisional Government. The SR's and Mensheviks began to support the Provisional Government which seen as a betrayal in

  1. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 mainly because of the ...

    From the 3rd to the 6th of July, there was a dilemma for the Bolshevik party which became known as the ?July Days?. Sailors at the naval base of Kronstadt organised their own armed demonstrations under Bolshevik slogans such as ?All powers to the soviets? and marched into Petrograd.

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the provisional government were the main factors ...

    Petrograd area where the party benefited from the feverish atmosphere of the Capital. According to Acton the inroads were being made by the Bolsheviks in the cities and industry across the country, whilst their rival parties the SR?s and the Mensheviks where losing influence in the army and navy, which

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work