• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the Japanese successful at pearl harbour in 1941 but not at the battle of midway Island in 1942?

Extracts from this document...


Why were the Japanese successful at pearl harbour in 1941 but not at the battle of midway Island in 1942? Japan's success at pearl Harbour came mainly due to the element of surprise. This surprise attack on the Pearl Harbour was not as great a shock for America as one might think. The U.S had banned the trade of oil, iron and steel to Japan and had encouraged other countries to do the same. This was clearly provoking the Japanese to respond. With the Japan's raw materials running low, the Japanese admiral saw only one option open to him and peace was not his priority. ...read more.


The disabling of Pearl Harbour would lead to vast naval superiority in the pacific. However, after the attack on Pearl Harbour the U.S fleet was recovering faster than the Japanese expected. The Japanese knew they had to finally finish off the American fleet and take advantage of the subsequent power. They saw the perfect opportunity at the battle of Coral Sea, however the Japanese were not victorious and suffered heavy damages. The wounded Japanese fleet returned home. One month later was the battle of midway and a vital battle for both sides. Whereas in the attack on Pearl Harbour it was a surprise attack, the battle of midway was not. ...read more.


Unfortunately for Japan the U.S fleet was much larger than expected, and the Americans already knew about Japan's plans of ambush. Now that Japan had lost six carriers at Coral Sea, and at Midway the Allies could see Japan's grip on the pacific loosening. The main reasons for the Japanese victory at pearl Harbour was mainly due the element of surprise and overwhelming force. The Japanese also had excellent intelligence which proved was vital in ensuring a victory over the U.S. Conversely the same is true for the American victory at Midway. The Americans were prepared, had excellent intelligence, and surprised the Japanese due to the lack of intelligence on Japans part. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. 'Why Did Japan Attack Pearl Harbour?'

    Japan became angered even more in September 1941 because America rejected Japan's proposals for peace. Japan felt there was no other option but to prepare for war. In July, Japanese Admiral Yamamoto suggested an attack on Pearl Harbour. Pearl Harbour was seen as a simple target by the Japanese, just as Manchuria was.

  2. 'Why Did Japan Attack Pearl Harbour?' In December 1941, Pearl Harbour was attacked by ...

    The military, now in control of the country, were more inclined to the last option. Because America was not willing to negotiate or co operate with Japan, and Japan were in such a desperate situation, war was seen as inevitable by the Japanese government.

  1. Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbour?

    The Japanese were only allowed to build three ships for every five ships Britain and America built, these attempts to squash the increasing power of Japan merely increased tensions. Japan was one of the most quick up-and- coming countries in terms of modernisation.

  2. For what reason did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?

    to the pacific, giving a mirage which showed that American troops were sitting 'ducks' which was not capable of defending itself from an attach. This source is quiet reliable as it has from the President of America during the period it question, and it also had a direct correlations with

  1. Asian Pacific Americans; Accomplishments and Tribulations

    Many of these first travelers did find their fortunes and returned to Japan to tell of the great opportunities in America. Even with this first hand account of the fortunes to be had with a little hard work, immigration was slow.

  2. 'The Pearl Harbor Conspiracy' Who was at fault? Was it a surprise or was ...

    FDR was a traitor for maneuvering Japan into war with us and for sacrificing American lives! FDR practically forced Japan into war, because he felt certain that, it the US fleet in Pearl Harbor were made to appear the victims of a cruel attack, the American public would then back him in his choice, to enter the war.

  1. Bombing of Pearl Harbour

    would be unavoidably drawn into the war after a Japanese attack against Malaya and Singapore. Neutralizing the American naval power in the Pacific was the aim of surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, if only for the time being. The Japanese had two options either attack the U.S.

  2. A Day of Infamy. pearl harbour

    Because their country lacks natural resources and had an embargo placed on them, the Japanese government decided to overpower and occupy the areas in Southeast Asia that had lots of resources (Infamy). Top Japanese officials felt that war with the United States was inevitable, but with a large American fleet

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work