• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941? There were three major reasons as to why the Germans bombed the major cities of Britain. The battle of Britain was a complete failure and Hitler needed a new plan, Hitler wanted to destroy the war effort and he wanted to destroy the morale of British citizens. Hitler clearly saw that his attempt to destroy the RAF in the battle of Britain was not working as the RAF was fighting back. He then saw an advantage to destroying cities with greater population then military bases. Hitler then switched from the battle of Britain to total war without any warning. ...read more.

Middle

The first attacks were on London because it had the highest population and was important to industry. Places like the Woolwich buildings made and stored weapons and so were bombed (also included arsenal and Silverton). Plymouth was a base for the British Navy and therefore was bombed to cause destruction to the war effort. Southampton and Portsmouth were major ports vital for transporting food and weapons, Hitler saw them as an important target to decrease the war effort and bombed them n air raids. The Germans bombed major shipping areas for the war, which were of great importance to industry. These were Liverpool, Birkenhead and Glasgow. The major base to the British Navy, Plymouth was bombed in attempt to stop protection of the German Luftwaffe bombing. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler also bombed Birmingham and Manchester, as they were also very populated areas. He wanted people to see the damage and question the point of war. Buckingham palace was bombed whilst the queen was inside. This was an attempt to destroy the British people morale by bombing an important figure and building in history. He wanted the British to think that the war was causing too much destruction and ruining the riches of their country. Therefore the bombing of the major cities in Britain was caused from the failure of the battle of Britain and was an attempt to destroy war effort and morale. I feel the most important reason was to destroy war effort as without and navy bases, ports and buildings vital for industry such as making and storing weapons the British would clearly loose and have no choice but to surrender. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did hitler bomb british cities?

    But he failed. 'What effect did the blitz have on Britain?' In the summer of 1939, the British government were making plans. Hitler was still making threats and war seemed imminent. And so they began to plan for the event of war, majoring on air defences.

  2. The Battle of Britain as a turning point in the Second World War.In the ...

    The fact that we had control of the seas was the main importance in this operation though, as if we had not our troops would have stood as much chance, if not less, as the German troops would have had trying to cross the channel after the Battle of the Atlantic.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1?

    It was the place where the Yanks arrived in their thousands... and it was Hitler's number one target outside London. During the infamous May Blitz of 1941, Liverpool faced the Luftwaffe for eight consecutive nights.

  2. Free essay

    Major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans

    This is shown in the bombing of all cities. London was bombed the heaviest for many reasons, the first of which is that it was the Britain's capital, and if London fell then the whole country would fall as it was the administrative capital. Another reason is that London's east end housed lot docks that were crucial for supplies and naval use.

  1. The Blitz

    shows again a certain amount of fear in the publics mind as this quote clearly meant that you can come out into the open as air raids and bombs are exploding everywhere and that they are "waiting for the all clear" from the warden or neighbourhood watch minister.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

    This consisted of carrying out Germany's demands in order to prevent war. This meant Britain and France did not react as Germany destroyed the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. This campaign was led by the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain who thought the Treaty of Versailles was unfair and would not fight a war to enforce it.

  1. The Blitz was the word used to refer to the intensive bombing of British ...

    This organisation was set up for men aged between 40 and 60. They practised defence manoeuvres in case of an invasion by the Germans. ARP also gave assistance to fire fighters during and after air raids. This was were people most felt that they were in it together.

  2. Britain in the age of total war. Why were the major cities of Britain ...

    damage the British war effort but also try to force Britain to surrender as resistance looked futile. He attempted to break the morale of the British people so that they would force the government to come to terms with Hitler.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work