• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework Assignment One Britain in the Age of Total War Question One: Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? The Luftwaffe failed to quell the ever resilient R.A.F. in the Battle of Britain, 1940. Then a combination of underestimation of British forces remaining and outrage at a daring raid on Industrial Berlin by the R.A.F. led to Hitler change to a tactic of bombing major British cities, especially London by night. This became known as the Blitz. The raids lasted throughout September, October and November 1940 and restarted in the spring of 1941 until eventually they stopped in summer 1941. ...read more.

Middle

Indeed many reports reveal his suppositions to be correct. In 1940 13, 000 people were killed in London alone. People saw loved ones and homes, obliterated before their eyes. In Balham 64 drowned in the underground because of burst water mains. Many who heard were distraught as they believed the underground was the only truly safe place left to them. The incident was frantically smothered by the government controlled media with smiling faces and tales of British heroism. But it showed how at times Hitler's suppositions were very close to coming true. The second objective for the bombings was to destroy industry. The London docks were bombarded with regularity. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was to cause two things. Firstly to create a sense of chaos and inability to muster a coherent defence against the Germans. Hitler also hoped that the confusion would be a direct cause of the first two objectives. He hoped that the ability to effectively distribute resources and supplies would be impaired as would the process of law making and strategic defensive and offensive decisions. He also hoped media control and propaganda would not function properly that morale along with administrative order would come crashing down making surrender inevitable. In conclusion there were three major targets for the Blitz. Firstly, and most importantly the breaking of British will and morale, secondly the crippling of British economy and industry, and finally the breaking up of any coherent bodies of administration and order. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Blitzkreig coursework

    so quickly and so easily The German´┐Żs strategy regarding international relations in preparation for these campaigns is also a noteworthy factor in the successes of Germany in both Poland and France. The Nazi-Soviet pact that Hitler had signed with Stalin resulted in the Soviet Union joining the invasion of Poland on September 17th 1939.

  2. The Battle of Britain

    of warfare would not take place until 1942, when at that time the Italian forces would be ready, but as it stood at the moment, the Italian military forces are not equipped nor prepared for such an undertaking. This was a serious blow to Hitler and the Reich, hastily changes had to be made.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41

    So, in effect, this 'Death ad Destruction' tactic just forced the Great Britons to want to continue, and win, even more. Hitler's second aim to make Britain surrender was to destroy the means of waging war - he would destroy the ports and factories of Britain.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    If the people of Britain saw their lives being destroyed to rubble, Hitler hoped that the spirit to fight against the Nazis would die, resulting in a German victory. The German bombing raids were centred on industrial centres such as London and Manchester.

  1. Why Were The Major Cities of Britain Bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    The first targets the Germans attacked were British radar stations and airfields. These raids saw the radar stations and airfields being badly damaged and twenty-two British planes being destroyed. For the RAF, this was a huge blow. The German bombing of Britain's major cities mainly targeted industry.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

    He believed this because of the response of the French government. When threatened with a Blitzkrieg attack, the French rapidly surrendered because they did not want their beautiful city harmed. But the pride of Britain would not let them be conquered.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work