• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework Assignment One Britain in the Age of Total War Question One: Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? The Luftwaffe failed to quell the ever resilient R.A.F. in the Battle of Britain, 1940. Then a combination of underestimation of British forces remaining and outrage at a daring raid on Industrial Berlin by the R.A.F. led to Hitler change to a tactic of bombing major British cities, especially London by night. This became known as the Blitz. The raids lasted throughout September, October and November 1940 and restarted in the spring of 1941 until eventually they stopped in summer 1941. ...read more.

Middle

Indeed many reports reveal his suppositions to be correct. In 1940 13, 000 people were killed in London alone. People saw loved ones and homes, obliterated before their eyes. In Balham 64 drowned in the underground because of burst water mains. Many who heard were distraught as they believed the underground was the only truly safe place left to them. The incident was frantically smothered by the government controlled media with smiling faces and tales of British heroism. But it showed how at times Hitler's suppositions were very close to coming true. The second objective for the bombings was to destroy industry. The London docks were bombarded with regularity. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was to cause two things. Firstly to create a sense of chaos and inability to muster a coherent defence against the Germans. Hitler also hoped that the confusion would be a direct cause of the first two objectives. He hoped that the ability to effectively distribute resources and supplies would be impaired as would the process of law making and strategic defensive and offensive decisions. He also hoped media control and propaganda would not function properly that morale along with administrative order would come crashing down making surrender inevitable. In conclusion there were three major targets for the Blitz. Firstly, and most importantly the breaking of British will and morale, secondly the crippling of British economy and industry, and finally the breaking up of any coherent bodies of administration and order. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Blitzkreig coursework

    Poland which means that the use of the German arms, Blitzkrieg, was more important. Holland had tiny armed forces and the Belgian army lacked modernisation which was an important reason why the Germans advanced through these countries with such ease.

  2. The Battle of Britain

    went across the Channel to bring back 340,000 weary men of the B.E.F from France. While the Allied forces were doing all they could to hold their positions, the air support was endeavouring to slow the German advance down.

  1. Why Were The Major Cities of Britain Bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    They specifically targeted civilians and concentrated the attack on the crowded city centre. There were three main reasons behind the German bombing of Coventry and Birmingham. They were firstly, to bring the workers to rebellion. Secondly, to strike terror into the hearts of British civilians - that no-one, not even

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

    as Anderson shelters were distributed to people living in areas expected to be bombed by the Luftwaffe. Made from six curved sheets bolted together at the top, with steel plates at either end. It was 1.95m by 1.35m and it could accommodate six people.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41

    With low morale, however, people give up hope and countries tend to lose the war. From understanding this, Hitler's first aim was to lower the morale of Britain - through 'Death ad Destruction'. Carpet bombing of the heavily populated areas, especially London and the East End, would hopefully lower morale,

  2. Why were the Major Cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41

    From source 4, Field Marshall Kesselring, says, in 1957, "The underlying purpose was to slow down the British armament production and begin a full scale economic war." This supports my ideas that the Germans partly started the bombing on major British Cities for Economic Warfare.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans 1940-41?

    This was the trigger to the Blitz. Hitler was preparing for Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the USSR, and so he became impatient and called off the attacks on the RAF to reduce the loss of German life and aircraft.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    300 bombers escorted by 600 fighters came over London starting in the afternoon. The theory was that the population, in constant fear of a sudden and violent death, would put pressure on their government to surrender.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work