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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

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Introduction

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? The British concern against the mighty Luftwaffe was especially deep because of the Luftwaffe attacks on civilian populations. Even before the Blitz on London, the British watched in horror as the Luftwaffe in September 1939 was used for terror attacks on defenceless Warsaw and other Polish cities. This was followed in 1940 by a similar attack on Rotterdam as part of the German western offensive. After the fall of France in June 1940, Adolf Hitler turned his attentions to the invasion of Britain. This planned invasion was called "Operation Sealion", however the invasion could not be conducted without the obliteration of the RAF. The German air force, called the Luftwaffe, was better trained and they outnumbered the RAF. But the Germans found it hard to gain air superiority against the British, who had radar. ...read more.

Middle

If that government did not surrender, then the population would take to the streets, riot and overthrow the government. The whole point of a sustained bombing campaign was to destroy a nation's morale. The Luftwaffe caused great damage to many parts of London and other cities, started major fires on the London docks, and killed over 400 people. The Luftwaffe wreaked havoc on civilians in London and other major English cities like Manchester, Coventry and Liverpool. But if the Blitz had not begun the RAF would have eventually been defeated and if that had happened then operation Sealion would have been put into action and Britain most likely would have been defeated leaving Germany with one last opponent in Europe, Russia. Hitler's overall main aims now were to destroy the morale of the British people and end Britain's capability to conduct a war on a large scale. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Nazis were sufficiently impressed to give their leader Werner von Braun a rocket base and test-firing range at Peenemunde on the Baltic coast. By 1937 both projects were being developed by the Nazi German government. But the Germans couldn't develop them in time for the mass bombing of Britain in 1940-1941. This meant that the bombing was solely relied on the shoulders of the Luftwaffe. Small villages and towns south of London in Kent were bombed heavily. The county was known as 'bomb alley' because it lay on the German flight path towards London. Sometimes German bombers made mistakes and dropped their bombs in entirely the wrong areas. No one within any distance of a likely target could sleep entirely easy in his or hers bed. That fear is what Hitler wanted to happen. Morale did lower in Britain but I think that it was not on the scale as Hitler and his German officials had hoped for. Tony Brown ...read more.

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