• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were there so many civil wars in the 20th century?

Extracts from this document...


Why were there so many civil wars in the 20th century? According to the Oxford Dictionary, Civil War is defined as "A war between factions or regions of the same country." As well as wars between nations, the 20th century witnessed an extraordinary series of civil wars within nations. This question goes through my historians' minds. The analysis could be difficult. Many questions come up in the thinkers mind: Why the 20th century? Why not the century before? What didn't the League of Nation stop them? What triggered people's instinct for a civil war knowing that it will, eventually, bring the economy down, and destroy the nation? Was that the intention of the civil wars? Many were able to answer the questions, but opinions differ depending on the ideology of the analyzing historian. To begin with going further in depth of this question, we must analyze some of the significant civil wars in the 20th century. In Eurpe, one of the significant ones is "the Spanish Civil War"; colonizers in Morocco were protesting the socialist and anticlerical tendencies of the elected central government. The rebels, headed by General Francisco Franco, soon won support from the cities of Cadiz, Saragossa, Seville and Burgos, while others, such as Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia, supported the Republican government. As Republicans fought Nationalists (Franco's supporters), the left-wing government got support from the Soviet Union and from international brigades of volunteer soldiers. ...read more.


The conflict in the Middle East and Asia are the production of the of the religious, centuries old conflict. One goal all the civil wars share in common is the other party's desire for a full independence due to either ideological differences (Muslims and Christians in Lebanon, for example), which has been solved, or mostly settled, or historical conflicts (Yemen), which remains in pure existence until this very second. Another factor that helped in the provocation of some civil wars, if not most, is the aid of the Soviet Union (USSR) and their support for the communist fighting for, or against, their government. In Africa, there were many civil wars in the 20th century, one of which is Sudanese Civil War between two religions; the Muslims in the North who live in a majority and the minority of Christians who live in a the south and want their full independence of the Arabian Republic of Sudan. In Somalia, In June 1991, Aideed was elected chairman of the United Somali Congress by a two-thirds vote, but Ali Mahdi refused to step down as President. By October 1991, Ali Mahdi had formed a government of eight ministers, and the Italian government promised massive financial support. Civil war erupted as various clan-based military group competed for control after the collapse of Barre's regime. Thus the civil war began. ...read more.


Last, but not least, the twentieth century's civil wars were the result of the inner part of the human beings; the sense of nationality and self-identity were resulting the revolution against people to whom they felt that they did not belong, like the conflict between communists and democrats where the democrats fled to Taiwan and established their own state there. The 20th century wasn't all about civil wars; rather, the 20th century had the First World War and the Second World War within its historical timeline, along with the major world conflicts and economic crises; the civil wars were just aspects of the disastrousness and destructiveness of the 20th century. The 20th century was the sum of many civil wars in the past, quantity-wise. The causes of wars in the twentieth century could be used as the causes of the civil wars, especially the introducing of new war methods and weapons, emerging of ideologies such as fascism and Marxism by Karl Marx. The ideologies were mostly economic-related ideologies in which equilibriums are established in a country, equally amongst the nation. No other century had that much of civil wars like the 20th century. The civil wars were just a part of the many problems in the 20th century, but never to be forgotten. Yazeed Abunayyan IB World History 1st quarter, 2nd semester term paper 8th of March 2003 1 Term Paper: "Why were there so many civil wars in the 20th century? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Spanish Civil War

    The different groups were much more internally divided than the Nationalists and there was a low degree of unity among them. Nationalist society was based on the military and this gave their armies a lot more strength, as well as having most of the officers and experienced soldiers such as the Army of Africa.

  2. My Hero-Muhammad Ali

    to find out how much money he donated towards charity, he held many fundraisers for under priveliged children on the streets of America and Africa. Ali was very endurant because he has always been the only boxer to dance around the ring for a whole 15 rounds during a fight.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    It must and will exert every energy to restore the loss of power which the situation has produced." In fact, news of the bomb's development simply widened the gulf further between the superpowers, highlighting the mistrust that existed between them, with sources of antagonism increasing far faster than efforts at cooperation.

  2. In two world wars, the richer countries mobilized their economiesmore successfully than others. How ...

    The scale of the supply emergency was far larger than anything anticipated by any of the belligerent powers. The fight soon developed into a survival contest in which the end result would depend chiefly upon the capacity of the belligerents to meet the heavy drain upon their economic resources.

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    president (1885-89; 1893-97; although he won a popular-vote plurality in the election of 1888, he lost to Harrison in the electoral college). Reared a Jacksonian Democrat, he believed that society is always in danger of exploitation by the wealthy and powerful.

  2. Why did the major 20th century conflicts affect so many people?

    The India-Pakistan war happened because the Muslims thought that it was unfair that the Hindus were put in power of government and they thought that the Hindus would not treat them equally.

  1. History of the United States

    The Federalists, who in the HARTFORD CONVENTION (in Connecticut, 1814) had capped their opposition to the war with demands for major changes in the Constitution, now were regarded as disloyal, and their party dwindled down to a base in New England and in the 1820s dissolved.

  2. In both world wars, many enemy aliens were interned in Australia

    the Great War, but MacLean critiques these events in terms of a widening of governments' control mechanisms. Her argument maintains that the advent of the War heightened the 'Conservatives' agenda-a greater emphasis on leadership, on centralisation, on bureaucracy, and on surveillance.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work