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Why were U.S. forces withdrawn from Vietnam in 1973?

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Introduction

WHY WERE US FORCES WITHDRAWN FROM VIETNAM IN 1973? U.S forces were withdrawn from Vietnam in 1973 because of several reasons all of which led to the same conclusion, America was losing the war and public pressure led president Nixon to initiate the withdrawal of American troops. The major reason that led to America's withdrawal was the TET Offensive in 1968. This offensive had several consequences. Even though the Vietcong had been defeated wherever TET fighting had sprung up, the impression that remained was that all of South Vietnam was vulnerable to attack. The TET offensive gave Americans much food for thought. It was evident that the US pacification programmes were utter failures because everywhere in the streets lay makeshift homes made of cardboard. ...read more.

Middle

As with the civilian population, the morale of the Us military deteriorated as the war progressed and this contributed to Nixon's decision to withdraw US troops. Men were no longer interested in becoming officers. There were rumours that young officers were being killed by their own men. Refusing orders, particularly in enemy infested areas, took place more often. They were physical signs of disintegration of authority and soldiers were often dazed on drugs and alcohol and peace signs were scrawled everywhere. These were all factors that led to US withdrawal from Vietnam as it became evident to Nixon that America could not win the war. Another factor that led to US withdrawal from Vietnam was the breakdown of race-relations in the ranks. ...read more.

Conclusion

Activists wanted to disrupt the US government, physically ending the war by urging citizens to refuse military service. They would also lie in front of troop trains or by sabotaging plants where weapons were made. In a bid to stop the war, several meetings were held and agreements were made for example the Helsinki agreement, which focused on human rights in the world. Also D�TENTE, which led to easing of tension between the USA and USSR. This contributed to Nixon's decision that US forces could no longer fight in a war which they seemed unable to win and which could hinder the improved the relations between themselves and the USSR. It can be said that due to increasing pressure from the public and his desire to win the next election, Nixon gave in to public demands and withdrew the Us forces. The last soldier left Vietnam on 29 january 1973. ...read more.

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