• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were U.S. forces withdrawn from Vietnam in 1973?

Extracts from this document...


WHY WERE US FORCES WITHDRAWN FROM VIETNAM IN 1973? U.S forces were withdrawn from Vietnam in 1973 because of several reasons all of which led to the same conclusion, America was losing the war and public pressure led president Nixon to initiate the withdrawal of American troops. The major reason that led to America's withdrawal was the TET Offensive in 1968. This offensive had several consequences. Even though the Vietcong had been defeated wherever TET fighting had sprung up, the impression that remained was that all of South Vietnam was vulnerable to attack. The TET offensive gave Americans much food for thought. It was evident that the US pacification programmes were utter failures because everywhere in the streets lay makeshift homes made of cardboard. ...read more.


As with the civilian population, the morale of the Us military deteriorated as the war progressed and this contributed to Nixon's decision to withdraw US troops. Men were no longer interested in becoming officers. There were rumours that young officers were being killed by their own men. Refusing orders, particularly in enemy infested areas, took place more often. They were physical signs of disintegration of authority and soldiers were often dazed on drugs and alcohol and peace signs were scrawled everywhere. These were all factors that led to US withdrawal from Vietnam as it became evident to Nixon that America could not win the war. Another factor that led to US withdrawal from Vietnam was the breakdown of race-relations in the ranks. ...read more.


Activists wanted to disrupt the US government, physically ending the war by urging citizens to refuse military service. They would also lie in front of troop trains or by sabotaging plants where weapons were made. In a bid to stop the war, several meetings were held and agreements were made for example the Helsinki agreement, which focused on human rights in the world. Also D�TENTE, which led to easing of tension between the USA and USSR. This contributed to Nixon's decision that US forces could no longer fight in a war which they seemed unable to win and which could hinder the improved the relations between themselves and the USSR. It can be said that due to increasing pressure from the public and his desire to win the next election, Nixon gave in to public demands and withdrew the Us forces. The last soldier left Vietnam on 29 january 1973. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    * They realised that the Soviet Union's economic problems were getting much worse because of the war in Afghanistan, and that it would soon be on the point of bankruptcy. * Their policy was therefore to take a very hard line with the Soviet Union, since the USSR was in such a weak bargaining position.

  2. Explain why the US withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973?

    This generation was also a generation of protesters, influenced by icons such as 'rebel without a cause', James Dean and therefore radical protest politics came of age and 'civil rights' movements featured strongly. A key point in the expansion of the peace movement was Robert Kennedy coming out against the

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    The force of the explosion [12,000 pounds] ripped the building from its foundation. The building then imploded upon itself. Almost all the occupants were crushed or trapped inside the wreckage." Just 20 seconds after the Marine explosion another bomb was rammed into the French headquaters 2 miles from the Marine compound killing 58 French Paratroopers.

  2. Armed forces.

    Historical Record of the Life Guards (London: Clowes: 1836) Regimental Museum Household Cavalry Museum Combermere Barracks Windsor More go to http://www.btinternet.com/~britishempire/empire/forces/armyunits/britishcavalry/1sttroopofhorseguards.html Artillery Horse artillery Battery Sergeant-Major The other picture of the Battery Sergeant-major is a coloured engraving from a photo. He has gold braiding. The back end of a 12-pounder is accurately shown.

  1. Explain Why The USA Withdrem its Forces From Vietnam in 1973

    It consisted of massive attacks by the Vietcong on all major cities including Saigon. Eventually, US forces managed to defeat the Vietcong, killing 80,000. However, the Tet Offensive showed the Vietcong had the ability to strike where and when they wished.

  2. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    that the people desperately needed their help, when in fact the average Vietnamese peasant actually cared very little about politics. The peasants just wanted to get on with their normal rural life, and the Americans disrupted this.

  1. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    The Vietcong were especially skilled at constructing booby traps. Some were simple, such as a concealed hole under a path. More lethal was "the fuel tank trap" which was a grenade, with a rubber band holding on the pin, in the fuel tank of an enemy vehicle and the "Bouncing Betty," a mine planted just under the earth's surface.

  2. Why did the US withdraw from Vietnam in 1973

    However, journalists could obviously not employ this method with the North Vietnamese Army (NVA). The North Vietnamese government controlled what was reported about their army's activities. This situation meant the media provided the public with an explicit insight into the horrific deaths of American soldiers, the terrible effects of defoliants,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work