• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were U.S. forces withdrawn from Vietnam in 1973?

Extracts from this document...


WHY WERE US FORCES WITHDRAWN FROM VIETNAM IN 1973? U.S forces were withdrawn from Vietnam in 1973 because of several reasons all of which led to the same conclusion, America was losing the war and public pressure led president Nixon to initiate the withdrawal of American troops. The major reason that led to America's withdrawal was the TET Offensive in 1968. This offensive had several consequences. Even though the Vietcong had been defeated wherever TET fighting had sprung up, the impression that remained was that all of South Vietnam was vulnerable to attack. The TET offensive gave Americans much food for thought. It was evident that the US pacification programmes were utter failures because everywhere in the streets lay makeshift homes made of cardboard. ...read more.


As with the civilian population, the morale of the Us military deteriorated as the war progressed and this contributed to Nixon's decision to withdraw US troops. Men were no longer interested in becoming officers. There were rumours that young officers were being killed by their own men. Refusing orders, particularly in enemy infested areas, took place more often. They were physical signs of disintegration of authority and soldiers were often dazed on drugs and alcohol and peace signs were scrawled everywhere. These were all factors that led to US withdrawal from Vietnam as it became evident to Nixon that America could not win the war. Another factor that led to US withdrawal from Vietnam was the breakdown of race-relations in the ranks. ...read more.


Activists wanted to disrupt the US government, physically ending the war by urging citizens to refuse military service. They would also lie in front of troop trains or by sabotaging plants where weapons were made. In a bid to stop the war, several meetings were held and agreements were made for example the Helsinki agreement, which focused on human rights in the world. Also D�TENTE, which led to easing of tension between the USA and USSR. This contributed to Nixon's decision that US forces could no longer fight in a war which they seemed unable to win and which could hinder the improved the relations between themselves and the USSR. It can be said that due to increasing pressure from the public and his desire to win the next election, Nixon gave in to public demands and withdrew the Us forces. The last soldier left Vietnam on 29 january 1973. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    began. But all talks soon became deadlocked. * In 1983 Reagan announced 'Star Wars', the Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI). This was a plan to shoot down Soviet missiles using lasers in Space. This was not a serious proposition in 1983, but it had the effect of putting pressure upon the Soviet leaders, who knew that the Soviet Union would be unable to compete.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Further, the use of highly controlled explosive materials as Hexogen and PETN indicates the involvement of intelligence agencies. Intelligence analysis showed that the actual preparations for the bombing began in September of 1983. Iran played a central role and operational coordination was conducted from the Iranian embassy in Damascus.

  1. Armed forces.

    Mounted SergeantThe gold cord braiding on his jacket indicates that he is a Sergeant. F Battery in Second Afghan War Science and technology Transport Railways The nineteenth century saw many technological changes, but none of them were to have as wide repurcussions as the invention of the train.

  2. Explain Why The USA Withdrem its Forces From Vietnam in 1973

    great pressure on the US government to withdraw its troops for Vietnam. This was a direct reason for the resignation of President Johnson. The Tet Offensive of 1968 was the turning point for the war and Johnson's presidency. The Tet Offensive was the most important event in changing US civilian opinion on war.

  1. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    The good that was built up by these tactics was soon offset by the use of policies such as search and destroy, and strategic hamlets. The search and destroy policy consisted of American troops being sent out on missions to find and kill enemy army units.

  2. Describe the military tactics and weapons used by both the USA and the Vietcong ...

    One of the main causes of low morale throughout the war was the booby traps left by the VC. They had explosive traps such as deadly landmines-supplied by the Ho Chi Minh Trail-and other sorts. But the most effective were the ones that they made by hand.

  1. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    The VC moved around the country easily without being detected and usually attacked at night. This helped make the decision for the US forces to leave Vietnam. The Vietcong employed many ingenious tactics, one of which was the Vietcong's network of tunnels, in which they moved and lived undetected.

  2. Why did the US withdraw from Vietnam in 1973

    The use of the chemical, Agent Orange that caused babies to be born deformed and war crimes such as the torture of prisoners, was seen as so inhumane they undermined the reason for Americans being there. The America government went to war to save Vietnam from the 'evils of communism'

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work