• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Within the context of the years 1871 -1990, to what extent was Hitler the most authoritarian German leader?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Anisha Patel Within the context of the years 1871 -1990, to what extent was Hitler the most authoritarian German leader? During the years 1871-1990 Germany had been through two substantial wars leaving Germany in turmoil resulting in the German people losing faith in their democratic state resulting in a range of leaders governing Germany. In this time Germany had been governed by several leaders including Bismarck, Kaiser Wilhelm II and the most renown of them all; Adolf Hitler. The citizens of Germany had been through democracy with Wilhelm as well as the Weimar republic which had evidently been a failure resulting in dictatorship under the leadership of Hitler. Kaiser was held responsible for the outbreak of World war One as well as Germany being humiliated in the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and leaving Germany?s reputation questionable as a great power. However Bismarck, also known as the ?Iron Chancellor? was successful in forming the unification of Germany out of a collection of independent and self governing German states under Germany. Hitler was indisputably the most authoritarian of them all as he implemented policies such as his foreign policy and his economic policy which reduced the number of people who were unemployed in Germany. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler produced posters that showed democracy was failing under the rule of the Kaiser and democracy so posters with messages such as ?Hitler; our last hope? were published. This showed the order and discipline amongst the Nazis which Germany had lacked under the Kaiser and the Weimar Government, showing people that Germany could be a much stronger country under Hitler and the Nazis. It is almost another way of saying that they need to turn to Hitler as a last resort, it also showed Hitler as a messianic figure who people could turn to in times of turmoil unlike the Weimar republic and the Kaiser. Many people were attracted to Hitler because he was extremely passionate in his beliefs and people could see that he was determined to improve the lives of the German people and subsequently improve Germany. The support for Hitler increased as the German people began to witness his gift of talking when he was seen speaking to the public. Especially at the Nuremburg rallies where there were masses of people engaged in Hitler?s speeches, Hitler managed to work the audience into a frenzy with his words full of passion, creating an eccentric atmosphere. ...read more.

Conclusion

however, still not enough to get an overall majority to pass laws. However, Hitler succeeded in getting a majority through the enabling Act as he used the SA army to intimidate the opposition such as the Social Democrats. Hitler achieved this in the 1930s by not allowing Communists to vote and by using the SA men to threaten MPs. The Reichstag was assembled under threatening circumstances where the SA men were swarming inside and outside the chamber to ensure communists did not disrupt Hitler’s speech. This is an example of where Hitler at an early stage exercises his authoritarian leadership even though he is not yet dictator which shows the confidence he had in his leadership. He used terror and intimidation to get the results that he wanted which in this case was to get rid of democracy once and for all in order to introduce the German people to a totalitarian state. Through the act Hitler had gained legislative powers to the government as a whole, for all intents exercised by Hitler himself as Goebbels states, “The authority of the Fuhrer has now been wholly established. Votes are no longer taken. The Führer decides.” ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    The new industries could also require some technology from abroad and the Soviet Union would therefore need a source of foreign exchange to pay for this, thus the government needed food surpluses to export in order to get foreign exchange.

  2. To what extent was Bismarck responsible for German unification?

    The legacy of the Napol´┐Żonic Wars, in which the great number of various states (over three hundred) were reduced to a mere thirty nine, must surely have been the ignition for the road to unification, for indeed, much unification had already taken place through the merger of various states into the thirty nine.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Such was the bounty of the recovery that from 1954 on some two million Germans a year could travel to Italy. There were also countless excursions of factory workers and other groups traveling through Germany and neighboring countries on trips that had once been possible only for the well-to-do.

  2. To what extent was Bismarck in control of the direction Germany's Foreign Policy took ...

    He saw that Russia, occupying the majority of Europe's eastern flank, her interests lay in the expansion of her power in the Balkans, with her ultimate goal being the straits and Tsarograd. Bismarck construed that Austria-Hungary was the opposition to Russian expansion, as it had been expanding in that direction since 1866.

  1. Was Hitler a weak dictator?

    do the same task and left them to fight among themselves leaving him the final responsibility of deciding which one to accept. This way he always assured the final decision to himself. Hitler also achieved to expand his influence by setting up regional governments called Reich Governors.

  2. To what extent was the authoritarian nature of the Nazi regime an aberration in ...

    liberals' Paulskirche Constitution in 1848 meant that the King's absolutist power remained intact, reinforcing German authoritarian pseudo-democracy * Prussian press muzzled, civil service purged of liberals, workers' associations were suppressed 1858-1871: * William I appoints a more liberal cabinet, accepts the need for constitution; however, through his army reforms, he

  1. To what extent was Wilhelmine Germany an entrenched authoritarian state?

    to be placed upon the Kaiser were made, the Reichstag was ignored both times and Bulow was conveniently rid of on the rejection of his next budget. With regards to constitutional change (an important issue when discussing the entrenched nature of a governmental system), the Kaiser was very much in control.

  2. How far can the impact of the depression be seen as a key turning ...

    called the Triple Entente.*** This aggressive form of diplomacy was called Weltpolitik (World Policy) and was a huge turning point from Bismarck, but arguably was a step back to Germany?s former intentions rather than a step in a new direction- it put emphasis on overseas colonization, the creation of the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work