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Wives & War: To what extent did these two aspects undermine Henry VIIIs rule in his last 7 years as King, 1540-47?

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Introduction

Wives & War: To what extent did these two aspects undermine Henry VIII?s rule in his last 7 years as King, 1540-47? Howard Putley Contents * Abstract Page 3 * Introduction- King Henry VIII Page 3 * Chapter 1- Henry?s Earlier Reign Page 4 * Chapter 2- ?I like her not!?: Henry?s Wives 1. Anne of Cleves 2. Katherine Howard 3. Katherine Parr Page 5 * Chapter 3- A bloody matter: Henry?s Wars 1. France 2. Scotland Page 11 * Conclusion- The King is dead: What has been discussed and found Page 15 * Evaluation Page 16 * Bibliography and critique of sources Page 18 Abstract This dissertation is going to be about the later years of Henry VIII?s reign and how the different aspects of marriage along with conflict effected King Henry?s actions and image. This investigation considers analysis as well as comparison between different events in Henry?s marital and military life prior to the years of 1540 to his death in 1547, by doing this dissertation it is to create a clear picture on how Henry VIII?s last seven years on the throne was undermined, destabilized and diluted. Key events considered in this investigation are Henry?s marriages with the Anne of Cleves, Katherine Howard and Katherine Parr along with England?s military conflicts with both France and Scotland. Together with these aspects other certain factors becomes apparent in this dissertation such as political and religious matters which is also widely explored. At the end of this dissertation it has concluded from considering if wives and war undermined Henry?s rule, that most notably it was King Henry himself who undermined his own rule due to his poor decisions. Introduction King Henry VIII King Henry VIII is arguably the most recognised, influential and one of the greatest monarchs ever to sit on the throne of England. He is most notably remembered for his dramatic transformation of English politics, his policies against the ruling Catholic faith and the fact that he had six wives. ...read more.

Middle

In due course both Henry and Katherine used each other as puppets, pulling the strings of each other for their own interests, as the William Howard School (2010) speculates, which is supported by Starkey (2009). Katherine Parr In the fullness of time, Henry once again was a widower for a number of months until 12th July 1543 when he married the childless, twice widowed Katherine Parr (Ives 2007, pg 82). Porter?s (2010) investigation, which provides hard evidence but must be considered carefully, on Katherine Parr suggests that she was a woman of splendour, who had ?intelligence and fortitude?, even though she favoured a man named Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, she married Henry gracefully. This supports that she was sophisticatedly knowledgeable and she new her duty by marrying Henry, eventually as Starkey (2002, pg 105) argues Henry found the ideal suitor for his needs. This is publicized showing to be a difference in Henry?s attitudes, as Ives (2007, pg 83) follows on to express that Henry was looking for companionship and not looks, signifying his need for amity in addition to having someone to rely on in his present state of poor health. This point is most likely reliable and fact, as that has been shown with the Anne of Cleves and Katherine Howard as they both were significantly much younger compared to Henry however Katherine Parr was in the same age bracket when she married Henry. Demonstrating most likely Henry married Katherine Parr for her elegance and partnership. The account by Bingham (2011, pg 81) gives a concise description on Katherine?s manner as queen of England and as Henry?s wife. She gives an insight on how by the year of 1544 Queen Katherine developed into a nurse type figure for Henry, ?moving out of her queenly apartments and establishing herself in a small room beside her husband?s bedchamber ready to comfort him whenever he needed her?. ...read more.

Conclusion

I found it somewhat harder in trying to link sources together in comparison, however over time I felt more confident in my research skills to link sources together which I am extremely proud about. Also no matter how much I wanted to I tried to not to discuss off topic events which did not relate to my chosen question, but I felt I made do by maintaining my organisational skills I keeping on track with the matter in question. Henry VIII?s reign has so many sources, accounts and foundations available because it is such a widely discussed subject which is researched by so many individuals. I felt that I not only gave you as the reader full factual scene on Henry?s progression as king but I also gave you arguments which supported by sources and conclusive evidence to sustain this, I did find it difficult not to trail of into a timeline/storyline way of writing as I was unsure what to write, but I felt I directed myself of this to a certain degree. Having the chance to part take in this Extended Project programme to write a dissertation has given me the courage in myself and the discipline to help me to write any independent pieces of work in the future either in education or the workplace. I felt my chosen title and my chapter ideas were very good and suited my style of writing, however sometimes I begun to dread writing certain points as unclear as I wanted to, but I feel I maintain the important aspects in my essay. I am a little disappointed that my investigation did not come out with new and distinctive points in my conclusion, but I feel it has made me understand more of the importance of evaluating arguments from sources. All in all I feel extremely content on how my dissertation seemed to fall in place and link in together and I felt very pleased for my exploration of sources written by successful historians. ...read more.

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