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Wolseys foreign Policy

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Introduction

Did Henry VIII & Wolsey conduct an effective foreign policy between 1513 and 1525? By 1513 there were two main governing powers in control of English foreign policy - Thomas Wolsey and King Henry VIII. Wolsey was, by now, Archbishop of York and was decorated further in 1515 with the titles of Cardinal and Lord Chancellor. Both he and the King wanted England to have an active foreign policy, but was it effective? In this essay I will explore weather or not their foreign policy was effective In 1513 Henry personally led a campaign into France in Guinegate. He defeated the French in what has come to be known as 'The Battle of The Spurs' because of the speed at which the French army retreated. The town of Tournai was captured. This small town was a very important and valuable possession for diplomatic bargaining. While Henry was celebrating the success, and on his way back from France King James IV Of Scotland declared war on England during King Henry's absence. ...read more.

Middle

We see this clearly as three years later Francis reopened hostilities with Charles V. In May 1520, Henry VIII was to embark on the most glamorous and spectacular of his meetings with Francis I at "The Field Of The Cloth Of Gold". The Field Of The Cloth Of Gold was located in no man's land between Calais and French territory. The two Kings parted on the 23rd June and exchanged vows of peace between the two great nations. The Field Of The Cloth Of Gold was a wonderful show of peace. However, we once again question whether this foreign policy was a success. This is because The Field Of The Cloth Of Gold seemed to achieve nothing of significance; therefore it is seen as a failure. If it was intended to cement Anglo-French friendship, it blatantly failed. The members of the English party whose views are known, all seem to have been confirmed in their anti-French prejudices rather than having them removed or weakened. No agreements of any importance were reached during the fortnight celebrations. ...read more.

Conclusion

Imperial forces routed the French and captured Francis I. France had never been more open to invasion. The English idea of peace also quickly vanished. Henry VII had rejoiced at this. Even though Charles V had no intention of invading France, especially ass not to help Henry VIII to a success when England had constantly put off helping the Empire. Furthermore, Wolsey faced another problem that would be deemed as another failure for their foreign policy in 1525. This failure was called the "Amicable Grant". It was to be a non-refundable contribution by the English people to finance the war in France. The Amicable Grant created opposition mainly based on poverty and inability to pay rather than not wanting War. Eventually no money was collected and peace was made with France. The Amicable Grant was viewed as a humiliation for King Henry VIII and Wolsey. In conclusion, I believe that Henry VII and Wolsey conducted a poor foreign policy. Although it did have a few successes like the Battle Of The Spurs in 1513, the majority of these policies were failures because they didn't do what they were intended for. Kayleigh-Anne Revagliatte 12A4 Mrs Williams Did Henry VIII and Wolsey conduct an effective foreign policy between 1513 and 1525? ...read more.

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