• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Wolseys foreign Policy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Did Henry VIII & Wolsey conduct an effective foreign policy between 1513 and 1525? By 1513 there were two main governing powers in control of English foreign policy - Thomas Wolsey and King Henry VIII. Wolsey was, by now, Archbishop of York and was decorated further in 1515 with the titles of Cardinal and Lord Chancellor. Both he and the King wanted England to have an active foreign policy, but was it effective? In this essay I will explore weather or not their foreign policy was effective In 1513 Henry personally led a campaign into France in Guinegate. He defeated the French in what has come to be known as 'The Battle of The Spurs' because of the speed at which the French army retreated. The town of Tournai was captured. This small town was a very important and valuable possession for diplomatic bargaining. While Henry was celebrating the success, and on his way back from France King James IV Of Scotland declared war on England during King Henry's absence. ...read more.

Middle

We see this clearly as three years later Francis reopened hostilities with Charles V. In May 1520, Henry VIII was to embark on the most glamorous and spectacular of his meetings with Francis I at "The Field Of The Cloth Of Gold". The Field Of The Cloth Of Gold was located in no man's land between Calais and French territory. The two Kings parted on the 23rd June and exchanged vows of peace between the two great nations. The Field Of The Cloth Of Gold was a wonderful show of peace. However, we once again question whether this foreign policy was a success. This is because The Field Of The Cloth Of Gold seemed to achieve nothing of significance; therefore it is seen as a failure. If it was intended to cement Anglo-French friendship, it blatantly failed. The members of the English party whose views are known, all seem to have been confirmed in their anti-French prejudices rather than having them removed or weakened. No agreements of any importance were reached during the fortnight celebrations. ...read more.

Conclusion

Imperial forces routed the French and captured Francis I. France had never been more open to invasion. The English idea of peace also quickly vanished. Henry VII had rejoiced at this. Even though Charles V had no intention of invading France, especially ass not to help Henry VIII to a success when England had constantly put off helping the Empire. Furthermore, Wolsey faced another problem that would be deemed as another failure for their foreign policy in 1525. This failure was called the "Amicable Grant". It was to be a non-refundable contribution by the English people to finance the war in France. The Amicable Grant created opposition mainly based on poverty and inability to pay rather than not wanting War. Eventually no money was collected and peace was made with France. The Amicable Grant was viewed as a humiliation for King Henry VIII and Wolsey. In conclusion, I believe that Henry VII and Wolsey conducted a poor foreign policy. Although it did have a few successes like the Battle Of The Spurs in 1513, the majority of these policies were failures because they didn't do what they were intended for. Kayleigh-Anne Revagliatte 12A4 Mrs Williams Did Henry VIII and Wolsey conduct an effective foreign policy between 1513 and 1525? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. With what success did Wolsey pursue his aims in foreign policy?

    So in order to answer the question. Wolsey's aims in foreign policy must be determined. These can mainly be seen to be to increase English prestige abroad and to avoid war. Was English prestige abroad increased? Not really is the only sensible answer. The French campaign in 1523 succeeded in nothing - when Charles eventually defeated the

  2. Henry VIII'S Foreign Policy.

    What this meant was that Wolsey's diplomatic opportunities were severely constrained by a choice between Charles V and Francis I. Of course, in some ways the election of Charles of Habsburg strengthened England's bargaining position as it created a situation where both rivals wanted England as an ally (and this

  1. This essay examines the actions of Charles VII in relation to events pertaining to ...

    The belief in their power was a result of their authority to absolve Charles. Their desire to demonstrate their superiority was seen on numerous occasions as petitions, by various members of the church, were made to the Vatican in an attempt to open a new inquisition.

  2. What Methods did Henry VIII and Wolsey use to achieve the aims of Foreign ...

    His first alliance was with Ferdinand of Spain under the Holy League. They led a campaign in Aquitaine in April 1512, which would have benefited Ferdinand more as he was seeking to claim Navarre, which was conveniently close to Aquitaine.

  1. How do the poets in 'Charlotte O'Neils song' and 'Nothing Changed' show their feelings ...

    Young girls could leave service in England to go to Australia. In Australia the girls found that they were in demand both as servants and as wives. Many of them found it very easy to marry and improve their lot.

  2. How successful was Wolseys foreign policy in satisfying the ambitions of Henry VIII in ...

    This shows Henrys naivety in foreign policy and the other European powers were using him to benefit themselves whilst sending him to his downfall. Wolsey gained his first experience of the duties and pitfalls involved in organising financing, transporting and feeding an army.

  1. Do you agree with the view that Wolseys domestic policies were disappointing?

    private owner of the land, thus leaving the common people that used the land for farming and hunting with nothing. This clearly shows that Wolsey tried very hard to get justice for the common people and in some cases, such as subsidies, he very much succeeded.

  2. To what extent can Wolseys foreign policy in the years 1512-29 be viewed as ...

    Wolsey chose Charles mainly because England's economy would suffer from the loss of the cloth trade industry between England and the Netherlands had France been chosen instead. However, a failure of the foreign policy, which is out of Wolsey?s control, is how England was repeatedly deserted by their allies.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work