• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World War 2 Timeline

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

World War 2 Timeline During the nearly six years that World War 2 raged, approximately 61 million individuals (miliary and civilian) lost their lives. Russia suffered more than any other nation, with nearly 25 million deaths, followed by China with 11 million and Germany with 7 million. The United States entered World War 2 after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. During the next four years, the U.S. lost 295,000 soldiers in death, and had a total of 405,399 American casualties (including wounded). In comparison, during the Civil War fought in the United States from 1861-1865, 624,511 individuals lost their lives. April 14, 1939 President Roosevelt appeals for peace in Europe. August 2, 1939 Albert Einstein writes letter to President Roosevelt about the possibility of constructing a nuclear bomb. September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland. Britain and France give Hitler ultimatum. September 3, 1939 Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. September 17, 1939 Soviet forces, under terms of a secret agreement with Germany, marched into Poland from the East. November 4, 1939 United States passes Neutrality Act of 1939. ...read more.

Middle

June 22, 1941 Germany invades the Soviet Union. August 14, 1941 United States and Great Britain set forth the Atlantic Charter, which announces their post-war objectives. October 31, 1941 German submarine sinks the American destroyer Reuben James, killing seventy-six. October 17, 1941 General Hideki Tojo becomes prime minister of Japan. November 1941 Congress authorizes arming of American merchant ships. December 7, 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, Philippines, and Guam; U.S. Pacific fleet crippled. December 8, 1941 President Roosevelt addresses the Congress, asking for a declaration of war against Japan. December 8, 1941 U.S. Congress declares war on Japan. December 11, 1941 Germany and Italy declare war on U.S. December 11, 1941 United States declares war on Germany. February 15, 1942 British surrender Singapore to Japanese. February 19, 1942 President Roosevelt issues Executive Order 9066 forcing many Japanese and Japanese Americans in western U.S. to be exiled to "relocation centers" (Japanese Relocation Order). March 21, 1942 Congress passes legislation supporting Roosevelt's Japanese Relocation Order. April 9, 1942 U.S. forces on Bataan peninsula in Philippines surrender. April 18, 1942 American airplanes bomb Tokyo, Yokohama, and Kobe. ...read more.

Conclusion

January 1944 Army releases all loyal Japanese-Americans from internment camps. February 1944 Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin meet in Yalta in the Crimea (Yalta Conference). April 12, 1945 President Roosevelt dies of a cerebral hemorrhage, Truman becomes president. April 28, 1945 Mussolini killed at Lake Como. May 1, 1945 Admiral Doenitz takes command in Germany; suicide of Hitler announced. May 7, 1945 Germany surrenders unconditionally in Rheims, France. May 8, 1945 V-E (Victory in Europe) day. June 26, 1945 United Nations Charter signed. June 11, 1945 Panel of seven scientists issues a report to the U.S. secretary of war urging the United States not to use nuclear bombs against Japan, but rather to demonstrate a nuclear explosion before representatives of the United Nations to convince Japan to surrender (Franck Report). July 1945 Potsdam Conference in Potsdam, Germany. August 6, 1945 First atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. President Truman broadcasts address to the nation from the SS Augusta. August 8, 1945 U.S.S.R. declares war on Japan. August 9, 1945 Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki. August 14, 1945 President Truman announces that hostilities between U.S. and Japan have ended. September 2, 1945 Japanese delegation signs surrender documents aboard the battleship Missouri. President Truman declares V-J (Victory over Japan) day. October 4, 1945 Military occupation of Japan. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. "Why did Winston Churchill become so important as Prime Minister of Britain between 1940 ...

    Japanese forces had also attacked the British military base in Singapore and 150,000 British Empire troops were taken prisoner. It was seen as Britain's worst military disaster. His position was also being challenged because of the war in Africa. The German Afrika Korps in North Africa had previously attacked the British army that was based in Egypt.

  2. United Nations: The Wounded Dove

    But within this council not all the members are represented only eleven members are represented here. This is a problem because if there is a problem in your country and you are not one of the members you can not share your insight on the matter at hand.

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    These commitments were internationally formalized in 1947 in the GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TARIFFS AND TRADE, when 23 nations participated in an extensive mutual lowering of trade barriers. In 1948, at American initiative, the ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES was established to provide a regional multilateral consultative body in the Western Hemisphere.

  2. History of the United States

    In Kansas civil war broke out between pro-slavery and anti- slavery advocates, as settlers attempted to formalize their position on the institution prior to the territory's admission as a state. The Democratic presidents Franklin PIERCE (1853-57) and James BUCHANAN (1857-61)

  1. How Significant were the Normandy landings in Defeating Germany in World War Two?

    At face value it is impossible to judge the importance of the D-Day landings from just studying Source F alone. Inconclusively, by making careful inferences we can think that it was obviously a great success, for Stalin to send a telegram to Churchill congratulating him and saying 'history will record this deed as an achievement of the highest order'.

  2. Why did Winston Churchill become so important as Prime Minister of Britain between 1940 ...

    Churchill gave a more modest statement of himself "It was the nation and the race dwelling all round the globe that had the lion's heart. I had the luck to be called on to give the roar". This is in many ways true because it was the people that fought the war, not Churchill.

  1. An evaluation of the United States decision to use atomic bombs against Hiroshima and ...

    In the unlikely event that a subsequent full-scale invasion had been mounted in 1946, the maximum estimate found in such documents was 46,000. (Alperovitz 7) By comparison the atomic bombs, "...caused the deaths of 140,000 in Hiroshima and 70,000 in Nagasaki."

  2. Why did hitler bomb british cities?

    The British government also anticipated that gas attacks would come at some time in the war, and they posed a major threat. So they prepared the entire nation, giving gas masks to every man, woman, child and baby. The children had gas masks shaped like Disney character, such as Mickey

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work