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World War 2 Timeline

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Introduction

World War 2 Timeline During the nearly six years that World War 2 raged, approximately 61 million individuals (miliary and civilian) lost their lives. Russia suffered more than any other nation, with nearly 25 million deaths, followed by China with 11 million and Germany with 7 million. The United States entered World War 2 after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. During the next four years, the U.S. lost 295,000 soldiers in death, and had a total of 405,399 American casualties (including wounded). In comparison, during the Civil War fought in the United States from 1861-1865, 624,511 individuals lost their lives. April 14, 1939 President Roosevelt appeals for peace in Europe. August 2, 1939 Albert Einstein writes letter to President Roosevelt about the possibility of constructing a nuclear bomb. September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland. Britain and France give Hitler ultimatum. September 3, 1939 Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. September 17, 1939 Soviet forces, under terms of a secret agreement with Germany, marched into Poland from the East. November 4, 1939 United States passes Neutrality Act of 1939. ...read more.

Middle

June 22, 1941 Germany invades the Soviet Union. August 14, 1941 United States and Great Britain set forth the Atlantic Charter, which announces their post-war objectives. October 31, 1941 German submarine sinks the American destroyer Reuben James, killing seventy-six. October 17, 1941 General Hideki Tojo becomes prime minister of Japan. November 1941 Congress authorizes arming of American merchant ships. December 7, 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, Philippines, and Guam; U.S. Pacific fleet crippled. December 8, 1941 President Roosevelt addresses the Congress, asking for a declaration of war against Japan. December 8, 1941 U.S. Congress declares war on Japan. December 11, 1941 Germany and Italy declare war on U.S. December 11, 1941 United States declares war on Germany. February 15, 1942 British surrender Singapore to Japanese. February 19, 1942 President Roosevelt issues Executive Order 9066 forcing many Japanese and Japanese Americans in western U.S. to be exiled to "relocation centers" (Japanese Relocation Order). March 21, 1942 Congress passes legislation supporting Roosevelt's Japanese Relocation Order. April 9, 1942 U.S. forces on Bataan peninsula in Philippines surrender. April 18, 1942 American airplanes bomb Tokyo, Yokohama, and Kobe. ...read more.

Conclusion

January 1944 Army releases all loyal Japanese-Americans from internment camps. February 1944 Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin meet in Yalta in the Crimea (Yalta Conference). April 12, 1945 President Roosevelt dies of a cerebral hemorrhage, Truman becomes president. April 28, 1945 Mussolini killed at Lake Como. May 1, 1945 Admiral Doenitz takes command in Germany; suicide of Hitler announced. May 7, 1945 Germany surrenders unconditionally in Rheims, France. May 8, 1945 V-E (Victory in Europe) day. June 26, 1945 United Nations Charter signed. June 11, 1945 Panel of seven scientists issues a report to the U.S. secretary of war urging the United States not to use nuclear bombs against Japan, but rather to demonstrate a nuclear explosion before representatives of the United Nations to convince Japan to surrender (Franck Report). July 1945 Potsdam Conference in Potsdam, Germany. August 6, 1945 First atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. President Truman broadcasts address to the nation from the SS Augusta. August 8, 1945 U.S.S.R. declares war on Japan. August 9, 1945 Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki. August 14, 1945 President Truman announces that hostilities between U.S. and Japan have ended. September 2, 1945 Japanese delegation signs surrender documents aboard the battleship Missouri. President Truman declares V-J (Victory over Japan) day. October 4, 1945 Military occupation of Japan. ...read more.

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