• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World War Two broke out on the 3rd September 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction World War Two broke out on the 3rd September 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland. Every single person in Britain was affected by this outbreak - regardless of class or gender. Lives were changed dramatically; families were ripped apart by the enforcement of conscription and evacuation; businesses collapsed by the introduction of rationing and the destruction left behind by the Blitz. Superficially, the war was not a positive experience, but setting aside all the bloodshed, it subconsciously brought together the people of Britain in a burgeoning of patriotism, culminating in the Home Front becoming one firmly rooted in nationalism. Men's Roles Conscription was introduced in May 1939 and all eligible men were forced to join the armed forces. Conscientious objection, an offence punishable by imprisonment in World War One, was recognised in WW2 as a legitimate moral stand. Objectors had two choices; to go into the military but serve in non-combat duties, or to do alternative services such as ambulance driving. The Home Guard was a collection of men, either too old, too young or too unfit to join the Army or the Navy. Men who played important roles in society, e.g. medics, could also join as they were excluded from conscription. Within two hours of the Home Guard beginning, 250,000 males joined and at its peak. 1 1/2 million were members! They were trained as soldiers in case of an invasion. 'I joined the Home Guard in 1944' claims Shadrak Taylor, a war veteran, 'and we would work non-stop from 6.30am to 5.00pm'. This source does not give us that much information about the Home Guard, and even though one man may have worked these long hours, he may have been in the minority. ...read more.

Middle

The source is a primary one and therefore more trustworthy than a secondary source as it was produced on the same day as the announcement. Child evacuees waving goodbye from their train, 1940 'Carrie's War' was a book centred on the difficulties and deprivations of evacuees, written by the author Nina Bawden in 1993. It provides us with lots of insights into the lives of children who have been evacuated, such as 'insert quote here'. It is useful to people with a curiosity concerning wartime evacuation as the book captures the children's feelings perfectly and the story is plausible, but to a historian it has no reliability because it is a secondary source and, although it is based on fact, is a fictional tale. The fact that it was written so long after WW2 implies that even if the author researched her work, we do not know to what extent, nor whether she used primary or secondary sources. The author could be biased due to one particular story regarding evacuation, and the fact that the book is so evocative and moving suggests some degree of sensationalism. Air Raids ARP (Air Raid Precautions) preparations began in 1938, before the outbreak of war, so that British civilians would be ready for any eventuality. Liddell Hart, advisor to the British Government during the war, had made public his predictions concerning German bombers during early 1939: 'nearly a quarter of a million casualties from air raids might be anticipated in the first week of a new war'. Air Raid Wardens were mostly part-time volunteers; money was not needed as an incentive to join as the war-effort was motivation itself. ...read more.

Conclusion

Heavy bombing steadily obliterated much of this part of London. When the King and Queen visited the East End they were booed; the West End and Central London, where Buckingham Palace is located, had not received much damage. When the West End was badly bombed, Queen Elizabeth said: 'I'm glad we've been bombed - it makes me feel I can look the East End in the eye'. Women's Roles Then Women's Land Army formed in the First World War and continued its efforts in WW2. By 1944, it was 80,000 strong and the 'Grow Your Own' campaign largely contributed to Britain's food supplies, especially vegetables. The 'Dig for Victory' slogan became an incredibly popular catchphrase, due to conscription 100,000 farm workers were no longer producing food and women compensated for this loss with their Land Army. Other services that women could enrol in included the WAAF (Women's Auxiliary Air Force) & the WRNS (Women's Royal Naval Service). Women welders at work during the Second World War Women also went to work in heavy industries such as chemicals, engineering, steel and munitions. They made tanks, guns, shells and aircraft, doing the jobs of men who had been forced to go to war. Conclusion By collating all my evidence and looking at it objectively as I have done in this project, I can conclude that every single person in Britain was affected by WW2 in some way to some extent, regardless of creed or class. The experience of war was both positive and negative, uniting British people by a common goal: to triumph over the evil of Nazi Germany. Many innocent lives were lost; their heroic deeds will be forever commemorated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. In what ways did the Second World War affect the lives of ordinary people ...

    The government decided to establish rationing on a national level, which enabled people to acquire a certain quantity of basic foods like meat, sugar, dairy products and tea each week, in return for coupons that they were given by local officials.

  2. To What extent was Germany Responsible for the outbreak of World War One?

    As she developed as a nation Germany wanted her own "place in the sun" or overseas colonies as all the other major powers had. Eager to be on an equal footing, Germany felt deprived and hoped that though war she would gain lands and so be respected by the other countries'.

  1. American History.

    Another demonstration, however, occurred shortly after that - but this time it was aimed at Governor Thomas Hutchinson, and concerned the elites [this illustrates the internal divisions between the demonstrators - for the elite it was political; for the laborers it was economic].

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    The attack came just after 7:00 a.m. on the 13th October and started with an air raid by Syrian Soukhoi fighter bombers against the Palace and the Ministry of Defence. For many years a no fly zone over the whole of Lebanon had been enforced by the Israelis preventing the Syrians from using their airforce, on this

  1. A REPORT ON "The London Bombings: One Person's Experience"

    individual.2 I have used social history that can challenge contemporary theories about present day crime. What is more, it establishes pictures from the past to shed a light on social structure, the functioning of social institutions within that structure, and relationships between them.

  2. The Battle of Britain as a turning point in the Second World War.In the ...

    mainly fishing ships and this tiny volunteer rescue force was called the "Skylark Navy". It took exactly one week to evacuate all of the solders but because the operation had to be done with immense speed, guns and heavy fortifications had to be left behind.

  1. In 1915 a British Newspaper printed a letter from a 'Lady Reader' who claimed, ...

    What passing-bells for these who die as cattle? Only the monstrous anger of the guns. Only the stuttering rifles' rapid rattle Can patter out their hasty orisons No mockeries now for them; no prayer nor bells, Nor any voice of mourning save the choirs,- The shrill demented choirs of wailing shells; And bugles calling for them from sad shrines.

  2. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    Three German planes were shot down for every one British. But by the end of August the tide was beginning to turn. In the first week of September, the Germans began to get the upper hand. But at the end of the week Hitler ran out of patience and called off the attacks on Fighter Command.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work