• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World War Two Sources Questions

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Source Question Coursework Lee Male 5UU 1) Source A is a primary source. It's a message sent by Commander Paulus (of Sixth Army) to the Germany Army High Command, on 24th January 1943. We expect to find that the source is genuine and unbiased, considering the message has been sent from one German to another. The message was also not an attempt of propaganda as it was kept top secret between army generals. The information is regarding the surrender of the Sixth Army in Stalingrad in 1943. The German Army was losing considerably and couldn't keep up the strong fighting, as known in 1939 onwards. The source tells us that supplies were gravely low, and command was no longer possible. It is a very adequate explanation of why the German Army had to surrender. One main reason for the defeat of Russia was to do with the strategic positioning of the army. Almost half of the original army going to Stalingrad was redirected to the Caucacus. This caused problems later on. We also know that the Luftwaffe wasn't delivering the required amount of supplies, although Goering had promised. Not nearly half of the ammunition, food and medical supplies were being flown in. The source tells us that the front lines were crumbling. We understand that the German Army had conquered approximately nine tenths of Stalingrad, but still couldn't manage to hold the most important area, the banks of the Volga. ...read more.

Middle

Russia was really an enemy to Britain, but Germany was more of a threat to Britain (so they took the side of Russia). The cartoon shows us that the German army was small in comparison to the Russians. We can also see that it was the Russian civilians who were fighting. This is depicted by the man with a scythe and hammer in his hands, representing the industrial and agricultural workers. They were strong and brave. I think both sources are just as useful as each other. Source C shows an interpretation of the Germans, and Source D shows the interpretation of the British. But that's all, therefore I think the limitations outweigh the positive values. We don't see why it happened or how. However, there are a limited amount of sources which are able to tell all three qualities, why, how and the effects. We do however, have the valuable explanation of the effects. How people were feeling in 1943. 4) The two interpretations of why the Battle of Stalingrad came to an end, are different because the authors intended different points of view to go to a different class of audience. Source E, a primary German broadcast, is intended for the German public, therefore biased and another method of propaganda. This is contrasted with the selected piece from a Russian textbook, a secondary source, therefore biased towards the Russians. ...read more.

Conclusion

For Russia the defeat of the Germans was also quite important. Stalingrad was an important industrial town. It would have also been an important step for Germany to taking over the whole of Russia. The town was also not evacuated, it gave the Red Army an incentive to fight for. Also Stalin needed to keep the hopes of the Russian people of a communist state alive. He needed victory for support. Sources B and F show us how important the public view of Russia is. Source B, was predicted to be a propaganda method, trying to make the Russians look good and patriotic. It helped the Soviet morale grow stronger. Source F, which is written much later not only supports the facts but gives a biased view as well. Even years later they seem to need to make themselves look good. All this propaganda is helped again with source D. It shows the united Russia, of agricultural and industrial workers, working to fight the Germans off their territory. They were strong and patriotic. From this we can see that the take over of Stalingrad was necessary for both sides but for the different factors mentioned. Hitler needed the area for a further attack and then finally the elimination of Britain and the U.S.A in the war. Stalin needed to keep Stalingrad as it was a main industrial area and the morale and support of the people needed to be kept high. It was also quite a crucial turning point in the history of the second world war. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    time, the problems in Russia would have not been as big, and the Provisional Government may have been able to deal with them.

  2. Why was the Battle of Stalingrad a turning point in the war against ...

    How the battle of Stalingrad began.......... April 5 1942. The Soviet forces began to be very surprised by the heavy build up of German forces in the southern area of the Soviet Union. They knew that the capture of Stalingrad (named after the leader at the time "Stalin")

  1. Why did Germany lose the second world war?

    Another problem with Hitler's ambition to invade Russia was that it was driven by his absolute hatred of communism, not by what was tactically the best thing to do. We know now that to be thinking with ones heart instead of head.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    Russia encountered a humiliating defeat. Most of their torpedoes missed and there was a time where Russia could have won the war in a day, but ceased to take advantage of the opportunity. The first big battle was at Yalu where the Russians were out-numbered by three to one and was being led by Stoessel, a man renowned for incompetence.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Students memorized set speeches and rehearsed answers to questions in front of mirrors. Two thousand speakers were trained in 1929 and 1930 alone. The program was expanded with the establishment by Fritz Reinhardt of a correspondence school. Students memorized a simple speech written by Reinhardt, who also corrected speeches written by the students themselves.

  2. Vietnam war

    Poor communication especially lead to the bombing of protected villages. ARVN lost motivation in the realisation that the war was an American war, and they were tools of US military. In turn, the US military mistrusted and mistreated the ARVN, after realisation of NLF infiltration.

  1. Russian Revolution Sources Questions

    Source B is a postscript to Lenin's Political Statement written on the 5th of Jan 1923. The purpose of this is probably Lenin refining his thoughts; perhaps he thought he has been too fair on Stalin and had been too even handed.

  2. The Somme Offensive Failure - analysis of the sources.

    They manufactured exceedingly poor shells, leaving around one third of the 1,732,873 used in the eight-day bombardment failing to explode. Source 1.4 (Adrian 1986, p. 78). Literal mountains of empty shells piled up as the British strived to improve their regime.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work