• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Computer Aided Learning (CAL): What are the issues?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Title Computer Aided Learning (CAL): What are the issues? Done By Sharif Sharif A. Presentation of the Issue The applications of computers are growing rapidly, and expectations of this technology are growing at the same rate. One of the newest branches of computer application is Computer Aided Learning or CAL. Although computers and educational packages are generally in use today, Computer Aided Learning in the future will be even more essential and important. Today computers are used as a big, fast encyclopedia or data book, a tape recorder, type writer or video, but in the future CAL systems will contain smart adaptive trainers that will adapt themselves to learners' features and propose the best method of teaching. Again, we will have more remote learning and video conferencing instead of today's traditional classes. CAL now is a new idea, but as time goes by, it will become very important and wide-spread. B. The IT Background of the Issue In this part we shall look at the various types of CALL and where they might be employed in a typical lesson, turn to look at the major types of CALL software and how they might best be used in the class. Most class lessons in language learning follow a pattern on the lines of: 1. ...read more.

Middle

* encourages exploration: as students do not feel "observed" by a teacher they tend to be more willing to take risks, make mistakes and learn more freely. Disadvantages * no understanding: most CAL systems do not understand the subject they are teaching and can not explain the material to students having problems. * inflexible teaching: the teaching strategy is generally fixed and the does not have much ability to offer alternative examples or change its teaching approach - many systems embody a form of rote learning. * preparation: much time needs to be invested in the development of CAL for it to be effective (anywhere from 200 hours to 800 hours development time is quoted by developers to produce 1 hour of student learning time) * un-editable content: few CAL systems provide tools for teachers to easily change content (e.g., change text fragments, audio clips, exercises and answers) which means that most packages can only be used once with any group of learners. D. Solution to the Problems Arising from the Issue During the 70's, CAL systems were developed but the development rate was still low, because of some technical and also economical limitations, especially concerning hardware that was still expensive, massive and mainly without adequate sound and graphic facilities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Foundations of intelligent tutoring systems: An introduction. In M. Polson and J. Richardson (ed) Intelligent Tutoring Systems: An Introduction. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associated Publication * De Boulay B. and Mizogouchi R. (1997). Artificial Intelligence in Education. Amsterdam : IOS Press * Everingham B. T. , Thomas B. T. , Troscianko T. and Easty D. (1998). Neural network virtual reality mobility aid for the severely visually impaired. Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and associated Technologies. Reading: The University of Reading. pp 183-192 * Frye C. H. (1969). CAI languages: Their capabilities and applications. In R. Atkinson and H. A. Wilson (ed) Computer Assisted Instruction. New York: Academic Press. * Gillian J. (1975). Computer assisted learning in ICL. In R. Hooper and I. Toye, (ed) Computer Assisted Learning in the United kingdom. London: Council for Educational Technology. * Hooper R. and Toye I. (1975). Computer Assisted Learning in the United Kingdom. London: Council for Educational Technology * Polson M. C. and Richardson J. J. (1988). Intelligent Tutoring System. Hillsdale : Lawrence Erlbaum Associated Publication * Nakabayashi K. , Maruyama M. , Koike Y. , Kato Y. , Touhei H. and Fukuhara Y. (1997). Architecture of an intelligent tutoring system on the WWW. In B. De Boulay and R. Mizoguchi (ed) Artificial Intelligence in Education. Amsterdam: IOS Press * Oblinger D. G. and Rush S. C. (1997). The Learning Revolution: The Challenge of Information Technology in the Academies. Bolto: Anker Publishing 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Database Coursework on a Vehicle Rental System: Analysis

    5 star(s)

    When this field is filled out, the staff member's record can be moved to an archive file containing details of past employees and deleted from the current system. The staff details file will be used in searches such as locating a specific staff member's telephone number in the event of

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating a Transactional Website (www.latestdvd9.com)

    4 star(s)

    So therefore the cart gets saved to the IP address for a certain amount of time. How effective are the techniques used to attract customers and retain their loyalty? The major ways that LatestDVD9.com uses to entice and retain customers is by being always up to date.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assignment A: Analysis of Transactional Website

    3 star(s)

    first page of the site that most of their customers would arrive on. They have been able to make the deals stand out with the use of pictures and bold coloured fonts against the white background; this will attract the customer's eye and hopefully will entice them to buying from them.

  2. ict as level coursework

    This brings about an error box. The correct way it should have been done This now enables me to view the drop down with the correct titles to be displayed. If this problem was not recognised then the user would not be a able to view the titles, which means there would be an incomplete invoice, as well missing information about the customer.

  1. The Impact of Mobile Phones on social Interaction

    as a method of making SMS more efficient, less time consuming and easier. 6.4 - Functional use of mobile phones Beside the voice communication feature that acts as the mobile phone's main feature, the users of this age group also actively used the product's other features such as Games, SMS and WAP.

  2. Feasibility Report

    Although this software is a fast and less expensive method, and it will come in under the budget of �20,000, I don't think off the shelf software is not very suitable and will not fulfil the requirements within the Perfect Pie Company, for example, generate reports for sales of each

  1. Data Processing Task. Mr Peters, the man who runs this particular Samsung store ...

    =([Subtotal]+[VAT]+[Delivery Price]) VAT This is calculated by multiplying the subtotal by 0.2 =[Subtotal]*0.2 Subtotal This is multiplying the quantiy by the total price. This will be done by using a text box in the subform. The textbox is called Text16 =[frmOrderDetails Subform].[Form]![Text16] Data dictionary: Primary key field: Provides information about an entity and uniquely identifies the entity.

  2. Personal Learning Plan for IT

    I will need to improve and also further develop my kinaesthetic learning by practice writing essays. I also need to improve my visual learning style during this by looking up for the formula of the grammar. I also need to proofread my work so I can reduce the mistakes I make.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work