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Consider five models of communication – Linear, Circular, Argyles, Hargies and Hartleys

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Introduction

To : Sheena Eunson (Interpersonal Skills) From : Harish Pereira Page : 1 of 3 Assignment : Compare and contrast models of communication This essay will consider five models of communication - Linear, Circular, Argyles, Hargies and Hartleys. An assumption is made of the reader that he/she is familiar with the diagrammatic structure of the five models of communication. Each model will be described and analysed. The similarities and dissimilarities of each model will be considered in turn. The models of communication in this text will represent one individual to another but not individual to group or group-to-group communication. We will begin by looking at what is model. A model is a scaled down representation or a simplified version of the real thing. Hartley (1999) page 31 A model of communication is a scaled down representation that has the important characteristics and components of the real thing. This allows us to understand, analyse and describe communication in a structured form. Hartley (1999) page 32 What follows next are five models of communication. ...read more.

Middle

The information takes the form of a goal or an objective. E.g. Person A has a business proposition and needs person B involvement. In order to convey this goal or objective the individual takes into account his/her own thoughts and observation of the other person. E.g. person A sees person B to be a risk taker. Hartley (1999) page 46 The individual then decides on a plan or course of action. E.g. Person A makes an appointment and plans what he/she will say to person B. The individual puts the plan or course into action. E.g. Person A explains the business proposition to person B. The individual will observe the reaction and behaviour of the other person and act and adapt accordingly. Person A observes a look of excitement on person B face and he/she will expand on the proposition in more detail. Hartley (1999) page 47 This method of communication deals with the interaction of two individuals that are face-to-face. One individual has a goal or objective. The feedback is in the form of the other person reactions, verbal and non-verbal (facial expression, gaze, gesture, etc). ...read more.

Conclusion

Hartley (1999) page 34 In this model communication is dependant on the context of time and place. How each individual sees his/her role in society and how they see each other. It also dictates reaction and behaviour of individuals. And how individuals express themselves to each other. E.g. Headmaster communicating with a student - Headmaster has an air of authority, student perceives this and behave accordingly in the context of their environment, college. Hartley (1999) page 36 This model has the following characteristics: always between one individual and another individual, always face to face, i.e. observe facial expression and body language, always two way with feedback, meaning and social roles and relationships. These characteristics are known as interpersonal communication skills. To conclude, all the models can be split into their appropriate forms. The first two models are mediated forms of communication between two individuals that are not face-to-face. The last three models are communication between two individuals that are face-to-face. As we progress from one model to another the communication structure improves. The Hartleys model of communication is considered the ideal model of communication between two individuals because it has all the important characteristic and components for interpersonal communication. (Word count = 1056) ...read more.

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