• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Electoral Reform it

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Politics: When looking at Electoral Reform it is important to understand that there are many factors that effect whether a particular electoral system is effective in producing the results it is needed to. For example, in some situations it is important for the results to be conclusive, to sway in one particular direction so that things can be implemented. Yet in other situations it does not matter because people are only voting for one of two options and results are therefore conclusive and can only go one way or the other. Therefore it is important that there are different electoral systems because not all systems would be suited to the situation. Due to first past the post being seen as an unrepresentative voting system there are many supporters of electoral reform. However, when thinking about Electoral Reform it is important to note that anyone who has power is unlikely to want to give it away. Therefore due to this, those who can get to power by first past the post (Labour) will not want reform, and those who cannot get to power by first past the post (Liberal-democrats and other minority parties) will want it. Yet even though first past the post is unrepresentative due to the constituent candidates it is however very effective at being able to produce decisive governments. ...read more.

Middle

There are several alternative voting systems, firstly there is the Alternative Vote (AV.) This system is used to elect the Australian House of Representatives and is a majority system. In this system voters return one candidate to represent each constituency. Voters place all candidates in order of preference and if any candidate receives 50% or more of the vote they are elected with an overall majority. This system would be an ideal electoral system for electing the British Government as it produces decisive results just as our current first past the post system delivers yet; it also wastes fewer votes and means that smaller parties therefore have a better chance at being elected. The supplementary vote (SV) is also an option; it was used to elect London's first democratic mayor. In this system the voters have two choices, first and second. If a candidate receives 50% of first place votes they are automatically elected. This system ensures maximum support for winner. This suggests that it would be suitable for the British general election as it ensures majority support and this is necessary for British government. The second Ballot system is another voting system that could be used in Britain and is currently it is used in France. Here voters choose one candidate and if one candidate receives over 50% of the vote or more they are elected. ...read more.

Conclusion

However it would also stop constituency representation and this would mean that there was no particular person to stand up and represent the opinions of each focused regions beliefs and best interests. If electoral reform were to happen, the new system needs to satisfy various important factors; Firstly, the system should have a bias in favour of a single party government without allowing this to result from considerably fewer than half the votes cast and there should be a threshold (of perhaps 5%) to exclude very small parties but not those 'based on a feeling of national identity' In addition this system should give the main parties representation in the areas where they had significant but not majority support and therefore the link between the MP and his/her constituency should be maintained. Also is order to cause the least confusion the new system should be simple and involve as few changes as possible. All these points suggest that the new system should provide the individual voter with more power. Looking at all these points, it was decided that the single transferable vote (STV) and Additional member system (AMS) satisfied almost all of these conditions and therefore if the British electoral system was to be reformed it would be replaced these systems. This is backed up by the fact that according the Lord Jenkins' independent commission on Electoral reform the STV vote came out on top with 14 points in total out of a maximum of 20 where each system was reviewed. Jennifer Clutten 5th October 2004 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Database Coursework on a Vehicle Rental System: Analysis

    5 star(s)

    this completed form will be collected by a member of staff who will then input the details into the computer system at a convenient time that day. In the interview, Fred made clear that he wanted a unique customer identification number assigned to each customer.

  2. Data Processing Task. Mr Peters, the man who runs this particular Samsung store ...

    After the Ok button has been pressed the macro will run the four queries which will first put the data from the main form and the sub form into two make tables. The macro will then run the two update queries which will transfer this data into the main form table and the sub form table Test Plan Test No.

  1. IT and Society

    In addition, data users have an obligation to ensure that the information they hold is accurate and up-to-date and they can not hold the information longer than necessary for the registered purpose of use. Exemptions exist for; o Calculating wages or pensions o Keeping accounts records of purchases of sales

  2. Individual in society

    Ask.com Ask.com has joined the small but select group of search engines that allows for your privacy. At the top of the new home page you can click Ask Eraser and turn it on. When Ask Eraser is enabled, your search activity will be deleted from Ask.com servers.

  1. Cunha & Ribeiro Ltd: Stock Control & Invoice Database

    Also another problem he has told me is that he hasn't got an efficient system to record delivery times, and has to write all of the invoices by hand which are time consuming for both him and his customers. Lastly, his existing system of storing customer details on paper and

  2. ICT support

    of support is needed, software or hardware Technician will need to know the date, time location and what was involved. Technician must then know how to isolate the problem and either remove or fix the item, which they must know how * Hardware fails to install properly This can be

  1. Database Coursework on a Rental System: Design

    * The ability to insert graphical images into the document * Headers footers and page numbers * Macros * Mail merging * Spell-checker * Built-in dictionary and thesaurus Using the mail merge function, one can merge files from another file into another file of a mail-merge template.

  2. Performance Evaluation of an End-to-End Measurement Based Call Admission Control Method

    provisioning methods have been a favored research areas. QoS means predictable and consistent data delivery service. It gives a certain level of assurance to a network element that the requested traffic requirements will be satisfied. For example the provider ensures that during the session, delay and jitter will stay under a desired level [2].

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work