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Electoral Systems

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Introduction

Electoral Systems The electoral system is used in democratic countries, were people's votes are translated into seats for the candidates that are running for the respected position in government.1 The best suited electoral system for a country would be the proportional system as it represents both sides of the ethnic divisions and women, encourages voter turnout and offers more choice of candidates. There are five particular types of electoral systems, each produces a different result, and gives the voter multiple options. The basic definition of an electoral system is systems that set the rules for determining how individual votes are translated into seats.2 The Electoral system falls under two categories; the nonproportional and proportional systems. The nonproportional system has two subcategories (plurality and the majority); while the proportional system has three subcategories (list system, single transferable vote, and mixed systems).3 The plurality system adopted in countries like Britain, Canada, The United States and South Korea; this system stands out as the simplest since the candidate needs to have more votes then the challenger to win a seat.4 Basically the candidate needs to most amount number of votes to win their selected post. This method of voting is used primarily combined with single member districts.5 Plurality systems aim to represent the majority of the voters in a geographic location or district area. ...read more.

Middle

A large turnout of voters is important to the countries democratic system. More districts would be represented, and geographic locations would be adjusted to allow ethnic minorities to participate.16 Women's rights could be further enhanced through reforms in order to have them represent more in numbers in government. Women groups and minorities could now voice their concerns, and contribute to the electoral process plus the government later on. The outcome of an electoral reform should lay down a stable, effective and efficient government. During an electoral reform one has to consider which system will result in the election of candidates who will be reliable and honestly represent their district.17. It is quiet obvious to many that there is no perfect electoral system. Each system has its advantages and disadvantages. If a country was faced with the task of adopting a new electoral system a proportional representation would be advised. In today's world many different ethnic groups coexist side by side. Adopting this system brings together all the divisions and decreases a likely hood of chaotic consequences as both the majority and minority are represented equally.18 In this system voters are able to cast votes to smaller parties knowing their vote would create concrete results. Due to the result that smaller parties can win seats, this would encourage other parties to be created and challenge for a position in government.19 This gives the voter more options to see which candidate or party meets his or criteria. ...read more.

Conclusion

Women and ethnic groups are better represented due to the incentives offered in this electoral process. The final most important note is also the proportional system brings together all ethnicities and in a way stabilizes the country as both sides are represented in the government. 1 How Democracies Vote Enid Lakeman Pg 127 2 Studying Politics-Dyke, Rank Pg 249 3 An Introduction to Government and Politics Dickerson O. Mark Pg 430 4 An Introduction to Government and Politics Dickerson O. Mark Pg 434 5 Comparing Democracies 2-Lawrence LeDuc Pg 48 6 Comparing Democracies 2-Lawrence LeDuc Pg 43 7 An Introduction to Government and Politics Dickerson O. Mark Pg 440 8 An Introduction to Government and Politics Dickerson O. Mark Pg 442 9 How Democracies Vote Enid Lakeman Pg 52 10 How Democracies Vote Enid Lakeman Pg 57 11 Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies Pg 451 12 Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies Pg 453 13 Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies Pg 455 14 Principles of Electoral Reform Michael Dummett Pg 172 15 Principles of Electoral Reform Michael Dummett Pg 176 16 Principles of Electoral Reform Michael Dummett Pg 77 17 An Introduction to Government and Politics Dickerson O. Mark Pg 453 18 Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies Pg 453 19 How Democracies Vote Enid Lakeman Pg 101 20 Principles of Electoral Reform Michael Dummett Pg 160 21 Comparing Democracies 2-Lawrence LeDuc Pg 116 22 Principles of Electoral Reform Michael Dummett Pg 165 ...read more.

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