• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain in your own words the main components / features of an Management Information System and how it supports these functional areas

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain in your own words the main components / features of an MIS and how it supports these functional areas MIS is a system that supports the users by giving predetermined answers, based on input query. This information is usually summarised from an information system. A good example is a store recording the weekly sales by product type and day of the week, possibly even the time of the day that they get more sales. It might not sound useful to know what time a product is sold, but it can actually help the manager that sets up a weekly rota for its staff. It also helps the store to know what to sell at certain times of the year, for example it might not be a good idea to sell t-shirts in 'bulk' if the country is going through a cold spell. There are many advantages for using MIS, the main ones being very easy to use, and it is usually a quick process. It is used mainly by senior management staff. In order for a MIS to be used, it needs to meet certain standards. This controls the effectiveness of the system. ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand, graphical output is usually the best for seeing the big picture, presenting the proper information to the management team and understanding trends. There is a common way of using both types of outputs, for example using the graphical side to identify areas of interest and focus on the details, and using the textual format to see the lowest level of detail. The output must be presented depending on the user's needs. A good example is a manager in a supermarket; he would mainly want to see sales by product or product group, and the store manager have a specific interest in what is happening in their own store. A regional manager would want to see what's happening across all stores in their region, because it is a massive part of their job, so the rule is that the default output for the user should be the one that they are interested in. Control and feedback loops: These two loops are what happen in the organization, as a result of the output from an information system. This will have an effect, direct or not, on future inputs to the information system. An automated example is a data feed of actually sales data to a computerised stock control system. ...read more.

Conclusion

In a large organization, it is common to be used in a server, either shared or dedicated. They also have Internet/Intranet available, should it be needed by its users. In a smaller business, it may run on the sales or finance director's PC. Software: A Management Information System can be built easier that most people think, with standard software, although it is advisable to be built with specialized software, which is already pre-configured with most of the standard software features. The MIS can be configured by describing its structure and the database, where the origin of the data is, how to summarise it and what standard queries will be needed. The cost varies a lot; the cheapest option offers a limited amount of functions for one PC, whereas the most expensive provides high-tech performance for a massive amount of users, and also vast amounts of data. Telecommunications: There is the possibility of an MIS being used over the Internet, but this has serious security implications. Most of MIS are delivered through an Intranet of a company, within its firewall, for protection over competitive business and others looking to obtain valuable management information. This information can help a business progress in many ways. Sometimes business have to use a dedicated telecommunications network in order to have the best security possible. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Database Coursework on a Vehicle Rental System: Analysis

    5 star(s)

    30th September Analyse Current User Activities/Data 2nd September Analyse Problems with Current System 6th September Identify End-User Requirements 8th September Identify System Requirements 12th October Cerate Performance Criteria 17th October Consult with User 18th October Investigation Techniques In order to gain a clear and comprehensive understanding of the way in

  2. Feasibility Report

    most of the new system; this will put a strain on the financial budget. Another major risk is that there is only a timeline of 20 weeks for introducing the new system for the Perfect Pie Company; this might not be long enough to ensure that the system is fully

  1. Implementing a new system for Mastercare.

    Used to identify the Job Text Presence Check From Engineer Stock ID The ID number of any stock that was used in the repair Used to Identify any stock that was needed Long Integer Presence Check Customer ID The ID number of the customer Used to Identify the customer Long

  2. This research that I've done will discuss about the effectiveness of the Light Railway ...

    a 3-km radius at intervals of 15 minutes during peak hours and 20 minutes at other times. After some years of operation, both the STAR LRT and the PUTRA LRT faced serious financial difficulties in servicing loans related to construction of infrastructure and purchase of rolling stock.

  1. 'Murmuring Judges’ and ‘In Cold Blood’

    The personnel pronoun 'I' puts emphasis on Gerard and will make the audience think of this real person in his metaphorical jail. Gerard is imprisoned because he's young, Irish and didn't want his family to starve. "One big wave and I'm gone. Every week I just survive and no more.

  2. The aim of this task is to produce a report for the managing director ...

    Methods of communicating There are several methods for communicating; these can be related to the ones previously mentioned above. This section shows methods which each type above can use - some will contain more than one. Paper based Paper based communications are used everyday across the world; this is anything that is typed, written, printed or drawn on paper.

  1. Illustrate the information flow between different functional areas and explain the issues related to ...

    Administration - Administration is the process of organising people and resources efficiently. Tasks they may do would include, emails, record keeping, meetings, opening post/sending. Internal Information flows Downwards ? Downwards is when senior management notifies the rest of the organisation about decision takes about the direction of the company.

  2. Explain the function of computer hardware components

    the bootstrap loader starts up as soon as the computer is turned on. It can load an operating system or other software that may be needed. Before it can load the operating systems it much complete self-tests. It starts of by reading the hard drives boot sector and then loads

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work