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Impact of ICT on Society

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Introduction

Task 8 Report explaining the impact of the availability of electronic information on individuals and society and the effect on those who do not have access to ICT. Introduction Since ICT had been introduced life has become much easier for a lot of people. ICT has rapidly evolved since it was discovered. There is new ICT Systems being invented year, and the old ICT Systems are updated. Things that were done by human are taken out of the market. ICT Systems are used al over the world for different purposes. In some parts of the world there are people that do not have access to ICT. From the time when ICT was introduced life for employees and employers have become easier. For example People could be served quickly as there is a equipment which is called EPOS which tags the code quickly and easily, which also records the stock control and also provides a receipt telling customers what they had brought at what cost. Another improvement is that businesses now can communicate to suppliers through computers. In this way it is cheaper and quicker. They can e-mail them to say what product they need. Another improvement in ICT is that a lot of businesses now have there own retailing web sites for example Tescos. This means that people can shop online 24/7, which is an advantage for them. Advantages of ICT for businesses * Queues are shorter because it takes less time to get through the cashier. * Employee's work is easy as most of the work is done by the computers. * More accurate stock control. * Deliveries could be automatically sent through Internet * Easier to pay for goods. ICT has removed boring repetitive manual tasks in businesses because machinery is being used far more often. Jobs can be applied for online. Software can be shared remotely over the Internet, as well as documents and files. ...read more.

Middle

The main income for businesses on the Internet is e-commerce; this is when they offer their products/services to the consumer in exchange for money. This is one use of a communication system, people increasingly use the mentioned channels for commercial use, the Internet for example is saturated with a vast amount of advertisements on every web page you go on, as are Teletext pages. Also research is carried out on these communication systems as well, companies find online surveys to be very fruitful. There are a number of applications that communication systems are vital for. Businesses in are most affected. Finance can be dealt with efficiently through EDI, faxes and electronic mail. Marketing can take place on the Internet, with advertisements and online surveys, not to forget the actual sale of their products online (e-commerce). Supplies and paperwork needed for manufacturing can be obtained via e-mails, e-commerce and faxes. Business meetings in general can be conducted through video conferencing and telecommuting, offices could be intranet connected. It is not only businesses that benefit from communication systems; the rest of society can use these facilities also. You can check the weather on an Internet site or on Teletext. You can chat with friends over the Internet or send them electronic mail. You can order products over the Internet, not having to leave your house. For all these uses however you do require modern technology. The bare minimum is to have telephone line, for Internet you will also need a fairly modern computer and modem that is connected to an Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) line. ISDN runs at 64Kbs, to ensure you have the quickest possible connection that reduces Download and website transfer times by a tenth, you will be using a broadband connection instead. You will find many users are switching to cable modems and Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL's) to increase their bandwidth. There are two types of network that are used, Local Area Networks (LAN's) ...read more.

Conclusion

etc. Also in retail businesses like John Lewis you have to you use advanced cashiers (SASU tills) and these obviously require fundamental skills of using the system. Another reason why people may not have computer access is because in rural areas people are not familiar with the latest technology due to their not being that much of a need for I.T in countryside areas and so people become ignorant of I.T use. Then again there are those who do use computers in rural areas but may not have a good Internet connection like dial up instead of broadband that is currently being used widely. This is because there isn't a high demand for broadband in such areas so the service providers can't meet the needs of the individuals. Affect of I.C.T on natural disasters Due to the advancement of technology it is now possible to know what the weather will be like for the following week or so. Also you can find out whether a natural disaster is about to take place such as detecting signals for hurricanes. This is really advantageous and quite a relief because the people can act quick and survive the disaster if they know where or when it will take place. Conclusion Therefore I deduce that electronics are very important for all users and the information it provides us is very useful in all aspects depending on what you are searching for. Those who do not have access to I.C.T are missing out on a lot because I.C.T can even be used for minor issues like regular updates on news or air-flights (if the person does not have access to a television. But overall electronic information has a big impact because students who need to do research will find it much easier as all the information needed will be in one source on the internet so its just a matter of finding it as compared to going to libraries, picking the correct books and then finding the information relevant to you. ...read more.

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