• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Max Weber was among the first great social theorists to stress the importance of legitimacy.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Max Weber was among the first great social theorists to stress the importance of legitimacy. In his definitional foundations of the types of social action, he gave particular attention to those forms of action that were guided by a belief in the existence of a legitimate order: a set of "determinable maxims," a model regarded by the actor as "in some way obligatory or exemplary for him" (Weber, 1968: 31). In his own work, Weber applied the concept to the legitimation of power structures, both corporate and governmental. His widely rehearsed typology of administrative systems depends on whether the subordinate actor regards the order as binding because of its traditional nature, the charismatic qualities of its leader, or because it has been legally constituted. ...read more.

Middle

were among the first to call attention to the ways in which organizations seek legitimacy and support by incorporating structures and procedures that match widely accepted cultural models embodying common beliefs and knowledge systems. These and related contributions represent considerable diversity but also reflect a common underlying conception, which has been formulated by Suchman (1995: 574) as follows: "Legitimacy is a generalized perception or assumption that the actions of an entity are desirable, proper, or appropriate within some socially constructed system of norms, values, beliefs and definitions." The normative component, stressed by Weber's discussion of administrative systems, places emphasis on "normative rules that introduce a prescriptive, evaluative, and obligatory dimension into social life" Cognitive elements are the rules that specify what types of actors are allowed to exist, what structural features they exhibit, what procedures they can follow, and what meanings are associated with these actions. ...read more.

Conclusion

As Suchman (1995: 574) noted, legitimacy is a "generalized perception" representing the "reactions of observers to the organization as they see it; thus, legitimacy is possessed objectively, yet created subjectively." Legitimation processes operating on organizations may be considered on several levels: (1) entire organizational populations, (2) individual organizations, or (3) subunits and specialized aspects of organizations. Ecological as well as many institutional approaches focus attention on the legitimation of organizational populations, collections of organizations exhibiting a given structure or form Institutional theory has focused on the movement towards, and maintenance of, isomorphic institutional environments. DiMaggio and Powell (1983) discussed isomorphism based on the assumption that organizations become increasingly similar through institutional forces. Their primary focus is on the movement towards, and the maintenance of, institutional norms through coercive, mimetic, and normative processes. Key to the discussion is the effect of isomorphism on organizational performance. We suggest that isomorphism results in similar organizational performance or outcomes. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication essays

  1. The Impact of Mobile Phones on social Interaction

    the reliance that society has on mobile phones as a result of this growth. To outline this point, Hulme and Peters argue that "no other device has infiltrated society so widely and so quickly and as such has had a consequent change on lifestyle.

  2. transmission of care values

    Mr A appears to not be bothered by the lack of privacy; he lives with five other service users and is used to this arrangement. The fact another service user and staff member were present did not appear to bother Mr A when he spoke to me.

  1. How and why lisening skills are paramount to social work

    voice, body language and even using swear words" [Wilson:74: 2001: ] During a seminar in using translators, it was made aware that grammatically we may ask a question that will be lost in translation, or that it would be culturally inappropriate, in this instance it is expected that the translator

  2. Database Coursework on a Rental System: Design

    For example, in a field such as "title" that is to precede a customers name, the values that can go in this field are typically limited to Mr, Mrs, Miss and Dr. It makes no sense to allow users to manually type one of these values into the system each time there is a new customer.

  1. communication and values

    In my one to one interaction the client were pleased that she is doing my interaction I realised this by seeing her smiling all the time through my activity. The symbols that I used were A-Z letters in order to make words with them.

  2. Performance Evaluation of an End-to-End Measurement Based Call Admission Control Method

    NSFNET and ANSNET were milestones of its history as well as the date 1983 when TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) became the networking protocol of ARPANET. The Internet was growing and growing, and nowadays it has become a global network, which is available almost everywhere in the world.

  1. According to Weber, what makes bureaucracies efficient? Do you agree?

    The crucial and significant reason for the evolution and advance of the bureaucratic apparatus has been it's technical superiority over any other form of organisation. "Precision, speed, unambiguity, knowledge of files, continuity, discretion, unity, strict subordination, reduction of friction and of materials and personal costs"2 This, according to Weber, was

  2. Value Creation Models

    a mortgage at the same time - meaning that customers are suppliers as well), or that the products of a telephone company have any 'built-in' value created by the production process itself (after all, the value of a connection is determined by whom you call - not, normally, by the quality of the call in and of itself).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work