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People and IT

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Introduction

People and IT Ever since industrial revolution, people have feared that machinery will replace workers, and Information Technology us no exception. In spite of dire predictions, however, there is no evidence that the introduction of computers has led to mass unemployment - in fact, over computers have created all more jobs than have been replaced by them. Nevertheless, in some areas computers have substantially replaced the workforce. In the 1980s, thousands of factory workers were made redundant by the introduction of robots on the factory floor making everything from biscuits to cars. In the 1990s, thousands of clerical and white-collar workers saw their Jobs disappear with the introduction of company databases, desktop publishing, computerised accounting systems and increased automation in banks, building societies and organisations of all kinds, large and small. Teleworking involves carrying out work away from the office and communicating with the employer through the use of a computer and telecommunications equipment. Often Tele-workers are based at home, but they can also work from Telecentres, satellite offices or even on the move. Although a study done in 1995 at Newcastle University found that less than 1 worker out off 100 was a Teleworker (spending at least half of their working week at home using the computer), organisation are becoming increasingly interested in various forms of Teleworking, which are becoming increasingly interested in various forms of Teleworking, which has benefits both for the employer and the employee. According to research done by Henley Business School in 1997, there are already 4 million Teleworkers in the UK. ...read more.

Middle

The office should be well lit. Computers should neither face windows or back into a window so those users have to sit with the sun in their eyes. Adjustable blinds onto a window should be provided. * Furniture. Chairs should be adjustable height, with a backrest, which tilts to support the user at work and at rest, and should swivel on a five-point base. It should be at the correct height relative to a keyboard on the desk. * Work space. The combination of chair, desk and computer accessories (such as document holders, mouse ad mouse mats, paper trays and so on), lighting, heating and ventilation all contribute to the workers over all well being. * Noise. Noisy printers, for example, should be given covers to reduce the noise or position in a different room. * Hardware. The screen must tilt and swivel and be flicker-free, the keyboard must be separately attached. * Software. Software is often overlooked in the quest ergonomic perfection. The EEC directive made a clear statement about the characteristics of acceptable software, requiring employers to analyse the tasks, which their employers perform and to provide software which makes the tasks easier. IT is also expected to be easy to use and an adaptable to the users experience. Computers can be responsible for a whole raft of health problems, from eyestrain to wrist injuries, back problems to fetal abnormalities, stomach ulcers to mental collapse. Articles appear regularly in the newspaper relating stories of employers who are suing their employers for computer related illnesses. ...read more.

Conclusion

Offences include using pirate copies of software and using software on more machines that are permitted under the terms of the licence. A few ways in which a compute user could protect the computer from hackers and viruses are: - * Having a fire wall on the computer to stop hackers from invading the computer * Have the password for the computer changed regularly, this is because it will stop people from guessing the password easily * Have an anti-virus program on the computer, this detects and cleans the computer from most viruses as long as it is up to data. The rights to privacy are a fundamental human right and one that we will take for granted. Most of us for instance, would not want our medical records freely circulated, and many people are sensitive about revealing their age, religious beliefs, family circumstances or academic qualifications. In the UK even the use of a name and address files or mail shots are often felt to be an invasion of privacy. With the advent of large computerised databases it became quite feasible for sensitive personal information to be stored without the individual and accessed by, say, a prospective employer, credit card company or insurance company to assess some bodies suitability for employment, credit or insurance. Below is the data protection Act that must be followed by all companies. * Fairly and Lawfully processed * Processed for a limited purpose * Adequate, relevant and not excessive * Accurate * Not kept longer than necessary * Processed in accordance with the data subjects rights * Secure * Not transferred to countries without adequate protection. ...read more.

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