• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Was the Poor Law a New Poor Law?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent Was the Poor Law a New Poor Law? In 1832, the government was aware that something was needed to be done about the increasing rates for poor relief around the country. Eight commissioners were appointed to investigate how effective the Elizabethan Poor Law actual was, and whether it needed reform. The commission argued that the current system was inefficient, not cost effective and bad for the poor, but whether these assumptions were actually pure truth or whether they were exaggerated just to accelerate reform is debatable. In the past, poor relief was given by different parishes to those who appeared eligible. Each parish was responsible for their own ways of working, with one overseer (a landowner or trader) in control of giving out relief, and the rate payers giving into a central fund for that community only. Now, there was a national system to be set up, where all the relief would be controlled by a central body. ...read more.

Middle

This was where the main decisions were done, and made it a more safe system, as there was less way for corruption. The system of parishes grouping together was not a new one. The Gilberts act, 1782, made more organisations possible within different parishes. Gilbert thought that there should be workhouses available to every parish, and that they should be what their name implied, as a place to work. These workhouses were meant to be self-supporting, where it would help to decrease poor rates. This system was not entirely successful, and many parishes were not willing to set up such corporations. Under these new guidelines, there was to be a similar system to that of Gilberts. A workhouse was to be set up for each union, which would be self absorbed. There would be full time people employed to look after the people there, and they would be designed for work by the able bodied poor. There were further suggestions put forward by Chadwick, which said how there should be many different types of poor house separating men, women, elderly, sick, and children. ...read more.

Conclusion

If they were offered work, the council paid some or all of their wages for that day. Similarly, pauper apprentices were quite often orphans or young people who would, in the new system, be sent into a workhouse. This would be where they went to live with a local tradesman, where they were taught the trade, and how to make goods themselves. All of these types of outdoor relief were abolished under the new poor laws, and all of those who were able bodies were put into the workhouse. The new poor law was a new poor law. Due to social, political, and economical circumstances, it was necessary for the time, as the old system was ineffective, inefficient, and bad for the poor. The new laws meant that there were tighter controls over the parishes and the poor; this made less chance of uprisings and rebellions. I agree similarly to the ideas of Digby; recent investigations on the Old Poor Law have produced convergent conclusions. They emphasise that relief under the Old Poor Law was essentially a response to population growth, under-employment, and low wages, rather than their causes as the Royal Commission's report alleged. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Database Coursework on a Vehicle Rental System: Analysis

    5 star(s)

    The data contained within the field to be amended must then be deleted by either crossing out the data with a pen or using tip ex to cover it up. The new data is then transcribed to the record beside the crossed old data or over the tip ex.

  2. Feasibility Report

    to the public, this could result in another major financial lose, and their regular customers might chose to go get their food elsewhere. The computerised system can easily crash, get viruses, spyware and Trojans, which can result in important files within or about the company being deleted, for example, files

  1. 1601 Elizabethan Poor Law.

    The Speenhamland system: The Speenhamland system started in Berkshire. It was implying that the poor were not to blame for their laziness and should be helped as much as possible. The paupers needed money to live and they would use the money-received form their poor tax to buy food and water.

  2. From the e-commerce strategy you gave me earlier I understand that by having a ...

    going on the trip, and for general customers, they would be considered excessive. Data you collect should be sufficient for its intended purpose, eg buying something from the shop, you shouldn't take credit card details but not delivery details because this becomes insufficient for the purpose as you have payment details but nowhere to send the product they purchased.

  1. The Speenhamland System.

    The basic hypothesis was, have more children, get more money. The British Poor Rates rose alarmingly. Another downfall of the Speenhamland System was that the parish had no control over food prices. Wheat prices rose during the French wars and so did the number of workers requiring poor relief.

  2. Review articles that take a complex approach to new organisational structures and proposed several ...

    As Cohen and Stewart (1994) point out, normal sciences show how complex effects can be understood from simple rules; chaos theory demonstrates that simple laws can have complicated, unpredictable consequences; and complexity theory describes how complex causes can produce simple effects. The use of the complexity theories becomes an efficient way to understand the emergence of new structures.

  1. Database Coursework on a Rental System: Design

    fields, and find unmatched queries display records from one table that do not have corresponding values in a second table. Reports: - Reports are a useful way of presenting useful information extracted by queries. They provide a way of organising the results produced by a query and sending it to a printer to produce a hard copy of the information.

  2. Electoral Reform it

    in fairly electing government and due to this we must therefore look at the alternative systems and how they would work as the British government electoral system.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work