• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Was the Poor Law a New Poor Law?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent Was the Poor Law a New Poor Law? In 1832, the government was aware that something was needed to be done about the increasing rates for poor relief around the country. Eight commissioners were appointed to investigate how effective the Elizabethan Poor Law actual was, and whether it needed reform. The commission argued that the current system was inefficient, not cost effective and bad for the poor, but whether these assumptions were actually pure truth or whether they were exaggerated just to accelerate reform is debatable. In the past, poor relief was given by different parishes to those who appeared eligible. Each parish was responsible for their own ways of working, with one overseer (a landowner or trader) in control of giving out relief, and the rate payers giving into a central fund for that community only. Now, there was a national system to be set up, where all the relief would be controlled by a central body. ...read more.

Middle

This was where the main decisions were done, and made it a more safe system, as there was less way for corruption. The system of parishes grouping together was not a new one. The Gilberts act, 1782, made more organisations possible within different parishes. Gilbert thought that there should be workhouses available to every parish, and that they should be what their name implied, as a place to work. These workhouses were meant to be self-supporting, where it would help to decrease poor rates. This system was not entirely successful, and many parishes were not willing to set up such corporations. Under these new guidelines, there was to be a similar system to that of Gilberts. A workhouse was to be set up for each union, which would be self absorbed. There would be full time people employed to look after the people there, and they would be designed for work by the able bodied poor. There were further suggestions put forward by Chadwick, which said how there should be many different types of poor house separating men, women, elderly, sick, and children. ...read more.

Conclusion

If they were offered work, the council paid some or all of their wages for that day. Similarly, pauper apprentices were quite often orphans or young people who would, in the new system, be sent into a workhouse. This would be where they went to live with a local tradesman, where they were taught the trade, and how to make goods themselves. All of these types of outdoor relief were abolished under the new poor laws, and all of those who were able bodies were put into the workhouse. The new poor law was a new poor law. Due to social, political, and economical circumstances, it was necessary for the time, as the old system was ineffective, inefficient, and bad for the poor. The new laws meant that there were tighter controls over the parishes and the poor; this made less chance of uprisings and rebellions. I agree similarly to the ideas of Digby; recent investigations on the Old Poor Law have produced convergent conclusions. They emphasise that relief under the Old Poor Law was essentially a response to population growth, under-employment, and low wages, rather than their causes as the Royal Commission's report alleged. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Database Coursework on a Vehicle Rental System: Analysis

    5 star(s)

    The data contained within the field to be amended must then be deleted by either crossing out the data with a pen or using tip ex to cover it up. The new data is then transcribed to the record beside the crossed old data or over the tip ex.

  2. Feasibility Report

    to invest more money into fixing the problems, which could potentially leave the Perfect Pie Company with debt. As more order options like text messages and an online order form will become available; this can easily cause unwanted and unneeded problems; for example the servers can easily crash, and in

  1. How successful was the Poor Law Amendment Act in 1834 in meeting the needs ...

    The government new that something needed to be done and by 1831 Swing-Riots highlighted the complete breakdown of the system and frightened the government into taking some action. The aims of the Poor Law were very simple. Firstly to cut the cost of relief, this was done by no longer

  2. Review articles that take a complex approach to new organisational structures and proposed several ...

    Moreover, Zeleni (1996) adds that "all social systems, and thus all living systems, create, maintain, and degrade their own boundaries. These boundaries do not separate but intimately connect the system with its environment". This means that structures of a complex system are made to communicate with others.

  1. 1601 Elizabethan Poor Law.

    The Speenhamland system: The Speenhamland system started in Berkshire. It was implying that the poor were not to blame for their laziness and should be helped as much as possible. The paupers needed money to live and they would use the money-received form their poor tax to buy food and water.

  2. Cunha & Ribeiro Ltd: Stock Control & Invoice Database

    older than today's date: Create a query containing all of the details in the "sales details" form and the "delivery appointments" form Automatically enter the date: (today) Automatically enter "<" before the date Change the query to an append query Save the query Add a button onto the main menu,

  1. Database Coursework on a Rental System: Design

    record the contact details and arrange for that part to be delivered. Rental Table Field Name Data Type Field Length Input Mask Validation Rule Required Other Rental ID Text 12 LLL000000000 Yes Primary Key Customer ID Text 6 LLL000 Yes Foreign Key Vehicle ID Text 6 LLLL00 Yes Foreign Key

  2. From the e-commerce strategy you gave me earlier I understand that by having a ...

    If your organisation (Bolton Area Divers) oversteps their legal powers, or uses them inappropriately. 3. If you copy a copyrighted item without permission 4. If you breach a binding contract. 5. "a breach of industry-specific legislation or regulations"[1] 6.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work