• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Was the Poor Law a New Poor Law?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent Was the Poor Law a New Poor Law? In 1832, the government was aware that something was needed to be done about the increasing rates for poor relief around the country. Eight commissioners were appointed to investigate how effective the Elizabethan Poor Law actual was, and whether it needed reform. The commission argued that the current system was inefficient, not cost effective and bad for the poor, but whether these assumptions were actually pure truth or whether they were exaggerated just to accelerate reform is debatable. In the past, poor relief was given by different parishes to those who appeared eligible. Each parish was responsible for their own ways of working, with one overseer (a landowner or trader) in control of giving out relief, and the rate payers giving into a central fund for that community only. Now, there was a national system to be set up, where all the relief would be controlled by a central body. ...read more.

Middle

This was where the main decisions were done, and made it a more safe system, as there was less way for corruption. The system of parishes grouping together was not a new one. The Gilberts act, 1782, made more organisations possible within different parishes. Gilbert thought that there should be workhouses available to every parish, and that they should be what their name implied, as a place to work. These workhouses were meant to be self-supporting, where it would help to decrease poor rates. This system was not entirely successful, and many parishes were not willing to set up such corporations. Under these new guidelines, there was to be a similar system to that of Gilberts. A workhouse was to be set up for each union, which would be self absorbed. There would be full time people employed to look after the people there, and they would be designed for work by the able bodied poor. There were further suggestions put forward by Chadwick, which said how there should be many different types of poor house separating men, women, elderly, sick, and children. ...read more.

Conclusion

If they were offered work, the council paid some or all of their wages for that day. Similarly, pauper apprentices were quite often orphans or young people who would, in the new system, be sent into a workhouse. This would be where they went to live with a local tradesman, where they were taught the trade, and how to make goods themselves. All of these types of outdoor relief were abolished under the new poor laws, and all of those who were able bodies were put into the workhouse. The new poor law was a new poor law. Due to social, political, and economical circumstances, it was necessary for the time, as the old system was ineffective, inefficient, and bad for the poor. The new laws meant that there were tighter controls over the parishes and the poor; this made less chance of uprisings and rebellions. I agree similarly to the ideas of Digby; recent investigations on the Old Poor Law have produced convergent conclusions. They emphasise that relief under the Old Poor Law was essentially a response to population growth, under-employment, and low wages, rather than their causes as the Royal Commission's report alleged. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Database Coursework on a Vehicle Rental System: Analysis

    5 star(s)

    * Speed of Processing: - The speed at which a computer processes data is incredible in comparison to the speed at which humans process sensory input from their environment. For all but the most lengthy and arduous of tasks, the response time of a computer can be viewed as virtually instantaneous.

  2. How successful was the Poor Law Amendment Act in 1834 in meeting the needs ...

    The government new that something needed to be done and by 1831 Swing-Riots highlighted the complete breakdown of the system and frightened the government into taking some action. The aims of the Poor Law were very simple. Firstly to cut the cost of relief, this was done by no longer

  1. Feasibility Report

    copy, letters to customers, or importers, this can be done easily, instead of typing out the address details of each respondent, a function known as mail merge can be used, this will allow the Perfect Pie Company, to insert fields from a database containing records of their customer base, into a Microsoft Word document.

  2. 1601 Elizabethan Poor Law.

    The Speenhamland system: The Speenhamland system started in Berkshire. It was implying that the poor were not to blame for their laziness and should be helped as much as possible. The paupers needed money to live and they would use the money-received form their poor tax to buy food and water.

  1. The Impact of Mobile Phones on social Interaction

    used through most networks due to their characteristic of saving typing and the restrictions of the amount of input that can be placed in each SMS. As a result, the focus group discussion showed that language and symbols no longer differentiate networks and have now evolved to being used merely

  2. Implementing a new system for Mastercare.

    Inputs that will need to be made for the new system will be the customer details which contain all of the information about each customer that the engineer visits. This is just the contact details of the customer. The stock items that were used to repair the product and their

  1. Review articles that take a complex approach to new organisational structures and proposed several ...

    Moreover, organisational structures emerge from the behaviours that agents exhibit in response to opportunities, threats... (Rouse - 1999). Increasingly, firms turned to network structures in which "empowered teams managed not only their internal work processes, but also external relationships with upstream and downstream partners" (Elkeles, Sullivan - 1997).

  2. From the e-commerce strategy you gave me earlier I understand that by having a ...

    The Data Protection Act covers all data within your company so it is important as you said. The Data Controller in your company has to register with the Information Commissioners Officer (ICO); failing to do so is a criminal offence.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work