• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Business Law - contract law

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

BA 333 Gil Erez 0523-000576 Business Law November 23, 2003 Table of Contents: 1) Essentials of a contract ....... Page 2 2) Case ............................ Page 5 1) What are the essentials of a valid contract A contract, by definition, is an agreement by two or more parties, which is intended to be legally binding and supported by consideration. All contracts must have these three elements present for it to qualify as a proper contract in the eyes of the law: offer and acceptance, consideration, and intent to create legal relations. First, we will examine the first part of what constitutes a contract, the offer and acceptance. An offer is a statement said from the offeror to the offeree stating that he would like to formulate a contract between the two parties. The offer must include something specific, and which has value, either monetary or otherwise between the parties. An offer must also state the time period for its validity. If one were not stated, it would be up to the courts to decide what would be the proper length of validity of the offer. Once the validity period of the offer has lapsed, an acceptance of the offer cannot be made, unless the offeror agrees to repeat the offer. ...read more.

Middle

The company then deposited 1,000 � in a bank to show their seriousness. Carlill used the product and was not cured, then sued the company. The company's argument was that the advertisement was just for promotions, and they did not intend to create legal relations. The courts upheld that because of the deposit in the bank, the company showed sufficient intent to create legal relations. Only a fool would argue that when he goes into a shop to buy an item, he didn't really mean to. With these two brought to light, we can clearly see what constitutes intent within a contract. It is one of the vital elements of a contract, and without it a contract cannot exist. "The cause which moves a contracting party to enter into an agreement; the material cause of a contract; the price of a stipulation; compensation; equivalent" --Bouvier. Finally, we will discuss the last essential of a valid contract, consideration. Consideration is defined as something promised, given, or done that has the effect of making the agreement a legally enforceable contract. For consideration to be valid, it must have four elements present. First, consideration should not be past. One cannot give consideration for an act that has already been done, or a deal that has already been transacted. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the practice of law one can never argue facts on the assumption that they happened. The fisherman, for some strange reason, might have declined the 1,000$. The presence of acceptance is not clear; this would have to be subject to further investigation. The presence of intent to create legal relations is clearly visible, with the offer of 1,000$ stated. This is one element of the contract that is not shrouded in mystery, so therefore we may now continue onto the last element of a contract. Consideration must not be past, must be sufficient, must move from the promisee and must not be illegal. The evidence here is clear, the consideration was past and therefore not valid. Having saved his life earlier without George making an express agreement to pay him 1,000$, the fisherman is legally entitled to nothing from George. It is out of the kindness of George's heart, and maybe gratification, that he is paying the fisherman 1,000$. Therefore we can properly advice the fisherman not to pursue legal action if George refuses to pay. By helping George in his time of need, the fisherman would have been protected from any liability of death due to the Good Samaritan Act (Chapter 32-03.1). The fisherman therefore is in a good situation as it is. If George doesn't want to pay the 1,000$ which he promised that would be on his conscience not the fisherman's. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Law of Contract section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Law of Contract essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "The requirement of consideration is an unnecessary complication in the formation of contracts."

    4 star(s)

    away with the requirement of consideration, and if that is so, why bother with the requirement of consideration at all? The traditionally view when dealing with debts would be that part payment was not full payment. This principle was established in the Pinnels' case [1602] on the view that the

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Contract Law - Offer And Acceptance

    3 star(s)

    concluded11 Auction Sales * General Rule ' the offer is made bidder and accepted by the auctioneer when he signifies his acceptance in customary manner (fall of hammer)S.57(2) Sale of Goods Act 1979 * There is two situation of auction; - reserved : the highest bidder must be higher price

  1. Contract Law - offer and acceptance.

    It would be advisable to Astonia, to consider the tenders submitted by Trimex PLC as not binding as the tender for �5000 was conditional and therefore has the effect of rejecting Astonia's offer to accept the highest tender as held in the case of Hyde v.

  2. Four ways in which a contract may be discharged.

    4. DISCHARGE BY BREACH. Actual breach: one party fails to perform a contractual obligation. Anticipatory breach: one party shows an intention not to perform. Where there is an anticipatory breach the innocent party can accept the breach and immediately sue for breach of contract or they may refuse to accept it and wait until the due date of performance.

  1. Contract Law [I] Formative Essay

    Also, more straightforward is the fact that the T-Shirts were collected from Alan's factory itself, and so someone in his business must have known that some people had taken the T-Shirts and thus accepted the offer, thus revocation did not occur before anyone accepted.

  2. LAW OF CONTRACT. LAW 103. THE CONTENT OF THE CONTRACT.

    Both parties knew that the vessel would ground at low water. When the tide ebbed the ship settled on a ridge and was damaged. "In business transactions such as this what the law desires is to give such business efficacy to the transaction as must have been intended by both parties.

  1. Advising a Client : Contract Law

    Clearly, the equipment is intended for a specific purpose in accordance with the contract and once the purpose has been removed there is a compelling argument that the contract has been frustrated. So what of T's declaration of bankruptcy? Is it necessary to consider this declaration in light of the arguments for frustration as a result of the 'fundamental misunderstanding'?

  2. Aspects of Contract and Business Law Case Studies

    Both the parties reach an agreed price. The initial offer was made by Amersham & Wycombe limited because the bricks may have cost £4.50 and £3.50 at retail prices. Temuulen Industrial didn’t accept this offer, but instead put in a counter offer saying “Can we have the bolts for £3.5o

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work