• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Differences Between Civil & Crimial Law

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Alex Richards Law Assignment The Differences Between Civil and Criminal Law The English Legal System has been developed over many years and has split into two distinct types of law. They are civil law and criminal law. Each type of law has an important part to play in establishing liability but there are many differences between them. For a start, the purpose of civil law is to uphold the rights of individuals and to stop those rights being damaged. An example of this could be trespassing. The person trespassing on someone's land isn't actually causing them any harm, but is causing them grief and becoming a nuisance to them when they are an innocent person. criminal law not only protects the individuals within our society, but protects society as whole, and keeps order within communities. This includes crimes against people that will actually cause them harm such as murder, rape or grievous bodily harm. If a person breaks a criminal law, they will be arrested and taken into custody, where they will be able to talk to a solicitor who will try and assist them with things such as letting them know their rights, and aiding them during their police interview. ...read more.

Middle

Both the Magistrates Court and the Crown Court are courts of 'first instance', and the verdicts made there have to be beyond a reasonable doubt (the decision has to be very obvious and not at all debatable). The verdict on a criminal case will be either guilty (convicted) or not guilty (acquitted). If found guilty, they will be sentenced. Sentences include being given community service, receiving an ASBO, being given a fine or, if it is a motoring offence, being given a driving ban. The Civil Courts are split into many different courts, known as the branches of civil courts. The County Court deals with less significant civil cases such as breach of contract and tort cases (negligence, nuisance, defamation and trespass). The County Court also deals with undefended divorce (where there is no objection from either party and they are both happy for the divorce to go ahead). There is a separate section of the County Court called the Small Claims Court that deals with any cases for under �5,000, and any cases between �5,000 and �15,000 are dealt with in the standard county court, and these cases are known as fast track cases. ...read more.

Conclusion

This deals with cases of disputed wills where people are arguing over what they should rightly receive from a deceased person's will. It also deals with cases of bankruptcy, company law disputes, tax cases and copyright infringements. Another civil court is the Court Of Appeal (Civil Division). This hears appeals from the county court and the high court and the cases are heard by Lords Justices of Appeal. In civil law, in order to be able to prove the case, the decision is based on a balance of probabilities. For example, as soon as you are more than 50% sure someone should be liable, then you can have them lose their case. The decisions in civil cases are not called "guilty" or "not guilty" like in criminal cases, but are called liable (the equivalent of guilty) and not liable (the equivalent of not guilty). If found liable in a civil court then you may be ordered to pay damages to the claimant, or may be found to have broken your contract, known as specific performance, which is where a contract has been broken and monetary value cannot replace damage that has been done because of the contract being broken. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Criminal Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Criminal Law essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Critical evaluation of murder for A2 law unit 4

    3 star(s)

    If a defendant can show that he used reasonable force in self defence or prevention of crime in doing the killing, he is not guilty of murder. However, where force is necessary in self defence or prevention of crime but the defendant uses excessive force in the circumstances, he is guilty of murder.

  2. Compare the English legal system to that of two other countries

    Sometimes protect witnesses. * Probation officers and social workers - write pre sentence reports about the crime and defendants. This gives the magistrates a better knowledge of the defendant and suitable sentences. * Public - can sit in the gallery and watch the trial.

  1. The Crown Procecution Service

    The Glidewell Report (1998) made the following points: . "Overall the CPS discontinues prosecutions in 12% of cases where the police have charged. Few decisions to discontinue were considered wrong. However, there is some evidence that the average rate of discontinuance varies greatly between types of offence, with the highest

  2. Human rights in Britain

    One of the important provisions of the Act is section 2 which is, High Courts may make a declaration of incompatibility with the ECHR.

  1. Looking at the offences of Assault, Battery, Actual bodily harm and Grievous really serious ...

    She stated that she didn't realise that she was holding one. The glass broke and cut him so badly, that he did indeed lose his sight in one of his eyes during the attack. The first defence that I am going to look at for this type of injury will be ABH.

  2. Outline the range of duties undertaken by lay magistrates. Comment on how well Lay ...

    However lay magistrates can claim allowances for travel or even a small amount for loss of pay. Finally however before candidates can become lay magistrates there is an interview process in which the candidates have to go through. There are two stages to this interview, first of Is, the first

  1. List and explain the six most important cases for the law on insanity, explaining ...

    which only increases its importance to the development of the law on insanity. Kemp (1956) The second element of the M?Naghten rules stated that the defendant must be suffering from a disease of the mind. As the defendant in M?Naghten was suffering from paranoia, which is a psychological and mental

  2. The History and Main Features of Criminal Law in the USA.

    to inflict bodily injury on or to terrorize the victim or another; or to interfere with the performance of any governmental or political function. Kidnapping is one of the few crimes that are investigated by the federal government. Federal authority is based on the assumption that the victim will be taken across state boundaries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work