• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11

Environmental/Ethical Dilemma.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Environmental/Ethical Dilemma Introduction Since the late 1960's, laws reducing pollution and improving quality standards to protect public health have been established. Even though we know more about reducing and controlling hazardous waste today than we did in the past, America still produces 700,000 tons of hazardous waste every day. Much of the waste material comes from manufacturers. Certain hazardous material wastes are more harmful than others. Today, we have laws and regulations to control hazardous waste production and disposal. Environmental management remains the single most expensive area of government's regulation of the business community. Over the next decade, industry will spend several hundred billions of dollars on pollution control. According to the opinion of the research organization, Yankelovich, Skelly and White, the control of toxic and hazardous chemicals "ranks first" on the public's list of where the government's regulation of industry is needed. In our environmental/ethical exercise, we are presented with the same basic issue as mentioned above. The Vice President (VP) of Production is asking the company's environmental consultant for advice on how to dump various toxic production wastes into a holding pond on the company's property. The Assistant to the VP overhears their conversation and is faced with an ethical dilemma on how to handle this information. ...read more.

Middle

In assessing such a penalty, the Administrator will take into account the seriousness of the violation and any good faith measures the company has taken to comply with applicable requirements. If the company's dumped toxic chemicals made their way into a waterway, such as into an underground water table, we would be in violation of additional federal laws. One of these laws is the Clean Water Act, passed by Congress in 1972 for the purpose of regulating and eliminating water pollution (http://www.epa.gov). A second law is the Safe Water Drinking Act of 1974. It was designed to protect our drinking water from contamination of toxic chemicals and pollutants. A third law is the Ground Water Protection Act designed to protect our ground water from pollutants (http://www.emsei.psu.edu). All three of these federal laws have strong enforcement provisions, which must be followed by companies that dispose of wastes. Possible Courses of Action When deciding on a course of action, it is important to analyze all of the factors mentioned above and endeavor to minimize the financial and ethical impacts of the decision on all directly and indirectly effected parties. Most environmental laws such as the Clean Air and Water Acts contain citizen enforcement provisions, which grant private citizens and groups the standing to sue to challenge failures to comply with environmental laws (Reed, et.al.). ...read more.

Conclusion

Contact Internal Resources. Many companies have internal processes to expose unethical behaviors and actions. Employees can contact their internal resources, i.e., ethics hotlines, or legal departments, to discuss their concerns. Summary When companies understand the financial impacts that violations have towards the company's bottom line, they will be more cautious in managing their toxic wastes. Summarized below are examples of regulatory fines and penalties under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act ( RCRA). Congress amended the Solid Waster Disposal Act in 1976 in order to ensure proper handling and disposal of hazardous and toxic wastes. ACT SANCTION INTENT MAXIMUM FINES MAXIMUM IMPRISONMENT RCRA (hazardous Wastes) Civil Criminal None Knowingly $27,500/day $25,00/day (double for 2nd offense) 1 year (double for 2nd offense) RCRA (hazardous Wastes) Criminal Knowingly imminent endangerment to human life $250,000 - $100,000,00 (Organizations) 2 years RCRA (hazardous Wastes) Criminal Knowingly indifferent to human life $250,000 - $100,000,00 (Organizations) 5 years There are no easy answers when deciding how to prevent a company from performing an unethical and illegal act. All scenarios potentially have negative repercussions if compliance to the environmental protection laws is not adhered to. It is important to analyze all possible courses of action and decide on the path that has the most positive results for the environment, while attempting to minimize any negative impact to the company. . ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sources of Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sources of Law essays

  1. unit6 end of unit assignment civil litigation

    Copies of letters dated 28th September 2006 and 14th December 2006 requesting payment of the Invoiced sum. If you dispute anything set out or mentioned in this letter, you must inform us by return of post, failing which proceedings will be instituted at the end of the above mentioned ten day period.

  2. "The dichotomy between employee and self-employed is being eroded in employment law, so much ...

    factors indicating that they were employees, McKenna ruled that this term was inconsistent with a contact of service and, therefore, the drivers were self-employed. While his decision was later criticised, the basis of it, that is, looking at a multitude of factors, was not and this is the approach of the courts today.

  1. GNVQ Business - Customer Satisfaction

    Observations of Customer Service Results from the Marks and Spencer survey I conducted showed that most people visit Marks and Spencer on a weekly basis. I also found that the majority of people think that the level of customer service they receive is high and not one person said that it was bad.

  2. Our country's goodPlotAct one scene one-In scene one we see that there are some ...

    They insult him until he leaves. They cal him names like "crap merchant" and "roper" Act one scene nine-in this scene we see Ralph writing in his diary to about how much he misses his wife even though we know he likes Mary, this is just emphazing that Ralph is

  1. Assess the likelihood of Sid and Kenny avoiding personal liability for the debts of ...

    Criminal penalties can also be imposed for fraudulent trading under Section 458 Companies Act 1985. It is well established that the courts will not allow the corporate form to be used for the purposes of fraud or as a device to evade a contractual or other legal obligation8.

  2. Who was the more successful president: JFK or LBJ?

    made further high level black appointments, such as the first black Americans to be part of the White House cabinet, and the first black Supreme Court judge. However, he was unable to prevent the bloody riots that took place in LA and Detroit as a result of growing racial tension,

  1. Human Rights Violations Against Women

    sexual freedom or the right to use their sexual powers the way they want.� (Kanaana 44) The honor of a family is very dependent on a woman�s virginity. In the Arab culture, it is believed that a woman�s virginity is the property of the men around her, first her father, and later a gift to her husband.

  2. Investigate The Employment Of People With Disabilities

    and immune function so that the patient becomes vulnerable to pneumonia, fungal infections, and other common ailments. [2] Explain How Discrimination Limits Employment Opportunities Denial Of Job Opportunities, Limited Access To Building And Equipment, Lack Of Understanding, Denial Of Job Opportunities Some employees are afraid to employ people with disabilities

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work