• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain and Comment on the role of the Criminal Cases Review Commission.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain and Comment on the role of the Criminal Cases Review Commission [20] June 2001 On 14 March 1991 the then Home Secretary announced the establishment of a Royal Commission on Criminal Justice to be chaired by Viscount Runciman of Doxford. The Royal Commission was charged with examining the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in securing the conviction of the guilty and the acquittal of the innocent. In making the announcement, the Home Secretary referred to such cases as the Birmingham Six and Judith Ward which had raised serious issues of concern to all, and the undermining of public confidence when the arrangements for criminal justice failed. It was felt that the Home Secretary was not sufficiently independent from the Government in order to review cases fairly. The Royal Commission's report was presented to Parliament in July 1993. ...read more.

Middle

The Criminal Cases Review Commission took over the investigation of miscarriages of justice in April 1997. Some of the first cases it investigated were alleged miscarriages of justice from over 40 years ago, such as the case of Derek Bentley. Bentley was hanged for murder in 1953, while his co-defendant, Craig, who actually fired the fatal shot, was not hanged due to his youth. Over the years there have been many attempts to have the case re-opened but it was not until the Criminal Cases Review Commission took over the investigation that the case was referred back to the Court of Appeal. In July 1998 the Court of Appeal held that the summing-up of the judge at the trial had not been fair and it quashed the conviction. Whenever the Commission considers that there is a real possibility that a conviction or sentence would not be upheld, it will refer the case. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the first four and a half years of work the Criminal Cases Review Commission received almost 4,500 applications and had dealt with about 3,500 of these. The Commission had referred 145 cases to the Court of Appeal. 73 of these had been heard and the convictions quashed in 55 cases. It is important that claims that there has been a miscarriage of justice should be dealt with as quickly as possible so that any injustice can be put right and so that, where the claim is rejected, everyone concerned can know where they stand and get on with their lives. "I believe that the Criminal Cases Review Commission will come to play a key role in enhancing public confidence in the integrity and effectiveness of the criminal justice system as a whole, as Parliament intended, and I look forward to seeing it do so." -Jack Straw, Home Secretary, 2001 Pg. 1 04/12/03 Nasima Begum 12A ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Machinery of Justice section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good, comprehensive essay, summarising the role of the CCRC.

The essay is a little dated now, however. The Commission has been criticized for the length of time it takes to examine cases, and the way it produces statistics.

Further, the Innocence Network has recently issued a report on the effectiveness of the commission which might bear briefly mentioning: http://www.innocencenetwork.org.uk/ccrcreport

4 Stars

Marked by teacher Edward Smith 09/07/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Machinery of Justice essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is the name given to the process where parties in ...

    5 star(s)

    It would appear that the adversarial system goes against achieving the objectives of the civil justice system which was to provide for processes that were just, accessible, efficient, timely and effective. The motivation for having such a platform is clear enough : to encourage people to conduct their daily affairs

  2. International Institutions and Human Rights. The three international institutions and their impact on ...

    Women, children, and families are also addressed in several articles, because these groups face specific issues. In addition, Article 29 indicates that humans and governments have responsibilities to each other, to ensure that human rights are preserved and protected. (http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-universal-declaration-of-human-rights.htm)

  1. Law and Justice Essay

    rather than just following the letter of the law. In Criminal Law judges use the work 'policy' not equity and by appealing to policy can do in the criminal law where the rules would dictate that another course should be followed this is seen in R v Wacker.

  2. Critically evaluate the aims and consequences of sentencing and show how the laws regarding ...

    Murder, for example, is not usually a thought out crime. People do not fail to commit murder because they think of the punishment, because usually murder is an opportunistic crime. The 'Just Deserts' approach currently in force in England and Wales aims to strike a balance between the seriousness of

  1. Jury decision making: Discuss the effectiveness of jury decision making.

    In the process a fore person is elected, this is normally a white middle class male who tends to dominate the group. There therefore are pressures to conform to the foreperson and the rest of the group is only one person is in disagreement (Asch, 1956).

  2. Recommendations of the Woolf Report 1996.

    court proceedings to resolve disputes only as a last resort Before April 1999 when reforms were made

  1. Explain the role of the CCRC (Criminal Cases Review Commission)

    Since the Beginning, the CCRC have had 13886 cases, 221 awaiting a date, 460 currently being looked at and 13205 that have been looked at and 483 referrals. The first case that started CCRC was the high profile miscarriage of justice 'The Birmingham six' case.

  2. Describe the use of the Practice Statement using the sources and other cases. [15 ...

    In Stubbings V Webb, the 6 year limitation was instigated at the time of the report at aged 21 and the court refused a time extension. A V Hoare overruled this earlier case and decided that in certain exceptional circumstances the six year limitation could be extended since they realised

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work