• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how jurors are chosen and the role of the jury in a crown court.

Extracts from this document...


Law Gary Polmeer Juries a) Explain how jurors are chosen and the role of the jury in a crown court. For all court appearances, jurors are selected randomly, by an official at the crown court from the electoral registers. In order to be selected for a jury the person must be: between the ages of 18-70; have lived in the country for at least 5years and be registered as a parliamentary elector. In 2003 a new act was passed, The Criminal Justice Act, this meant that everybody was eligible to be called for jury service. This new act does not excuse anyone in the legal profession, justice system or the health system. The only people who don't have to serve jury service are those who are disqualified. Disqualifications include: those who have served a prison sentence of 5years or more; those who have served a prison sentence in the last 10years; those who are currently performing community service; and those who are currently on bail at the time of being called for jury service. ...read more.


After this they have two hours to reach a verdict which has to be a unanimous decision, which the foreman will later announce in Court. During their two hours, the jury have to carefully review and discuss the facts of the case. However, if the jury are unable to agree on a decision unanimously the judge may accept a majority of ten to two or eleven to one. If the majority is less than this, the jury is given extra time to decide the final verdict - guilty or not guilty. Once the jury do come to a decision they don't have to give their reason for their choice and then the sentencing is left to the judge. Juries are only needed in cases where the defendant pleads 'not guilty' so their role is extremely important as their decision will affect the defendants for the rest of their life. b) Consider whether jury trials should be abolished. Many people have their own views on jury trials and whether they are good or should be abolished. ...read more.


This may lead to the defendant not receiving a fair trial which is the reason behind jury trials. Although there are many reasons why people wish to have jury trials abolished there are also many advantages to them. Many people feel that a jury trial is fairer as the defendant is tried by twelve random individuals and this leads to minimal biases as it is more than one person's opinion. The members of the jury, members of the general public, will also be able to relate to the defendant and their culture more and this leads to the defendant feeling he is being tried by his own peers making the whole court procedure more bearable. From these reasons I can see why people want to abolish the jury trials, but equally why there are many people who want to keep the traditional style of Crown Court cases. In my view they should keep the jury trials as the main factor I feel is how the defendant feels during the whole case as they may be innocent and would much prefer to be tried by a jury containing members of the general public. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Machinery of Justice section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Machinery of Justice essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    ‘Trial by jury is outdated, expensive and ineffective in ensuring justice’ Analyse arguments for ...

    4 star(s)

    Runciman's suggestions regarding committal proceedings were executed in 1997, meaning committal hearings have been reduced from what was described as 'running the trial twice', to being carried out solely on documentary evidence, with committal proceedings being abolished for indictable only offences by the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (Davies et al.

  2. "If the Constitution is the source of governmental power, and the judiciary interprets the ...

    And finally Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992) which has replaced Roe as the dominant precedent on abortion and allowed the court to define very specifically rights such as those of the parents in the case of abortion in a minor, and allowing limited (and politically popular)

  1. ' Is the jury the "...lamp that shows freedom lives"?

    In 1983, concerns about the handling of large and complex cases was put forward in the Roskill Committee.

  2. Describe trial by jury within the English legal system. How effective is trial by ...

    to the importance of various pieces of evidence and even giving some indication of the plausibility of various explanations of the same facts. The judge explains the need of the jury to reach a unanimous verdict if possible. The jury will then retire to then jury room having elected one

  1. What justification was there for Socrates' trial, verdict and death sentence?

    This is a major reason why Socrates did not escape when the death sentence was pronounced. Socrates believed that the trial was fair, because he was not afraid of death, and wanted to die. I believe Socrates could have easily won his case if he had wanted to, even if the jury was bias.

  2. Why was the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) created?

    system, so with this the Crown prosecution service was divided into 31 areas so that each area covered one or two police areas under the control of the DPP. By 1987 there was four regional directors that had been appointed to help with the running of the 31 areas, however

  1. The English Court System

    As a court of appeal, it adopts decisions of its committee in which, by convention, only the Lords of Appeal in ordinary that is has high judicial office participate. In its criminal jurisdiction, the House of Lords hears apparels from the Queen?s Bench Division of the High Court and Court of Appeal.

  2. Expert Testimony and Its Value In the Justice System

    Such an error occurred in the aforementioned case of Sally Clark. In that case the expert witness, Sir Samuel Roy Meadow used an accepted method of squaring the frequency of children with sudden infant death syndrome to come up with the figure of one in seventy three million.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work