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"How effectively did the Liberal Government (1906-14) deal with the problem of poverty?"

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Introduction

Higher Exam Essay- Higher "How effectively did the Liberal Government (1906-14) deal with the problem of poverty?" The Liberal Government dealt with poverty to a certain extent although they did not overcome the problem completely. The Liberals made changes that covered areas involving children, old age pensioners, the sick and the unemployed. The pace of the reform was slower in progressing with the "old liberals" than the "new liberals." The "new liberals" initiated help towards the problems of poverty in which the Booth and Rowntree had investigated. In 1906 when the Liberals came into power there was a considerable amount of pressure for change. The social investigations of Booth and Rowntree identified the extent of poverty, which clearly shows the beginning of the pressures. The Boer War was another event, which highlighted the poverty in Britain. The medical inspections during this time revealed the poor heath of the working class. (25% of volunteers were unsuitable and in many districts in Manchester 2/3 volunteers were rejected.) This encouraged people to support reform. The growth of the Labour party proved to be a threat to the Liberals as there was a growth in socialism. ...read more.

Middle

However, parents who could afford to pay were expected to contribute. The introduction to this act proved to be effective as the children were in better conditions due to the food improvements, which this act provided. Following this act, the Medical Inspections Act in 1907 set up medical inspections of school children. This highlighted the problems, although were often ignored, as many parents could not afford any treatment. Although this helped improve national health levels in children, there were no such measures introduced after school life. The following year in 1908 when the "new" liberals came into power the Children's Charter was introduced. The charter was concerned with teaching children good habits. The Liberal Government also aimed at children's futures. This was the Juvenile Employment Bureaux, they provided advice and offered training opportunities to keep them from "dead end jobs. In 1908 Asquith, who was a member of the "new" liberals replaced Campbell Bannerman. His target for the liberals was the attack on poverty. The problem was poverty was high as people had no successful financial backing from the government and could not make enough money working. ...read more.

Conclusion

Those workers who contributed were also guaranteed 7s a week for 15weeks in any year, when they were unemployed or sick. The Friendly Societies and Insurance companies opposed this reform as they saw it as a threat to their business. Doctors were concerned that this would threaten their independence and their incomes. As a result the Opposition of Friendly Societies and Insurance companies was reduced when they were given a role in administering the scheme. The opposition of doctors was also reduced when they were given an important role, which supervised all medical aspects of the act. It also increased their income. This act was the greatest step to attacking poverty was. The act did not apply to everyone and it depended on their particular type of workforce. So this system was effective to a certain extent although was not perfect and had room for improvement. In conclusion, the Liberal Government did approach poverty successfully on a small scale. They introduced many reforms to attack the problem of poverty. Many reforms were proven effective, although many only highlighted the problem such as the Medical Inspections Act in 1907. Therefore the Liberal government dealt with the problem of poverty to a certain extent although did not overcome the problem completely. By Katie Allen 5K ...read more.

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