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Ideas and issues in "the visit" and "a chronicle of a death foretold".

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IDEAS AND ISSUES IN "THE VISIT" AND "A CHRONICLE OF A DEATH FORETOLD" Nicolas Antippas Mr. Mark Lindberg English 11 25/05/02 Nicolas Antippas Mr. Mark Lindberg English 11 26/05/02 Ideas and Issues Many works of contemporary literature discuss ideas and topics which are seen in the world around us today. These themes are either directly demonstrated or implied. Two works as such are "The Visit" by Friedrich Durrenmatt and "A Chronicle of a Death Foretold" by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. The issues raised in these two books are justice, communication, tradition, and moral values. Tradition is the ongoing obligation to commit to something, which is an act that has existed for many years. More often than not, tradition helps keep a community in one piece, much like laws do. In other cases, tradition obligates people and makes them do things they normally wouldn't do. In "A Chronicle of a Death Foretold", tradition is one of the forces that drives the Vicario twins to kill Santiago Nasar and therefore clean their family's name. However, the Vicario brothers try to escape tradition. ...read more.


Moreover, they blame Ill for not having any morality and tell him that if he had any values he would use a gun on himself outright. Ill, however denies the Mayor's suggestion. "Mayor: Pity. You're missing a chance to redeem yourself and be a more or less decent human being." (p. 81) Tradition and the morality behind it are the two most ancient forms of justice. Today, justice is defined by laws and mainly is democratic and clear. But every person has their own form of justice for things, often acquiring either guilt or praise thereafter; or none of the two. Self-justice is reflexively self-justifying. In "The Chronicle of a Death Foretold", the Vicario brothers want Justice. However, their morality, as discussed above, does not allow them to justify their family's shame by killing Santiago Nasar. For the sake of tradition they kill Santiago anyway. Pablo and Pedro Vicario tell everybody they come across that they will kill Santiago Nasar, hoping to get caught.. That way, they would have done their justice and duty as the brothers of Angela Vicario, the violated girl, by attempting to kill Santiago and not actually slaying him. ...read more.


with the pretext that affairs of honor are sacred monopolies [according to tradition], giving access only to those who are part of the drama." (p. 114). So, according to tradition, most people in town could not tell the authorities, nor anyone for that matter, about the Vicario twins and on top of that they could justify themselves by blaming it on the town's ethics. "Destiny makes us invisible" (Quote, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, 1928) The town of Guellen, on the other hand, had a level of communication between them far better than any other. They could communicate through the sub-conscious. It is not exactly stated that the Guelleners had actually decided upon killing Ill, so this could be assumed. They were very well organized and swift in killing Ill, as they were able to put many new products they wanted, more than needed, on account. As is clear, tradition, morality and justice are all connectable aspects which are usually bound together by a means of communication. Situations become elaborate and complications arise. "The Chronicle of a Death Foretold" and "The Visit" are two great examples of a situation that results from the combinations of those four issues. ...read more.

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