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Juries are also used in certain civil cases such as defamation, slander and false imprisonment.

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Introduction

Juries Juries are also used in certain civil cases such as defamation, slander and false imprisonment. When used in cases they have to decide weather the claimant has successfully proved his or her claim, they also decide the amount of money that is awarded in damages, this differs from the criminal court, where the only decision is whether the defendant is guilty or not. Jury are lay persons they are non-qualified in law. The jury system dates back to after the Norman Conquest in Britain and throughout centuries it has developed to become a fundamental part of the English legal system. The Magna-Charta recognised the persons rights to trial by the "Lawful judgement of his peers" this became a usual method of trying criminal cases the notable case of "Bushel 1670" established independent of the jury, in Bushels case where several of the juries refused to bring in a guilty verdict against Quakers who were charged with unlawful assembly they pleaded not guilty, the judge ordered to not accept the not guilty claim instead they were all fined and sent to prison they then appealed to the court ...read more.

Middle

*The high court in the Queen's Bench division for: Slander, Defamation and False Imprisonment. In the crown court they decide the verdict in serious criminal cases (murder, manslaughter). There are 12 jury members in panelled, the number can be reduced to 9 never lower than 9, they are required to bring a anonymous verdict but if after the period of time which the judge will decide they are not able to agree then the judge will give them position to bring a majority verdict this means a split of 11:1 or 10:2 if the jury is below 12 then the same circumstances still apply. When they give the verdict the spokes person for the jury (Foreman) must tell the judge what the split is. In the high court the jury role is different it must decide liability (wrongs and writes) they also have to decide damages which should be awarded. The 12 panel numbers and the case is brought before them would include defamation, false imprisonment, malicious prosecution and allegations of fraud. ...read more.

Conclusion

However since 1977 more and more offences have moved to summary trial e.g. Criminal Damage where property must be worth more than �5000 for a case can be tried by jury. Selection of Jury The selection of jury is random from the electro register this is done to provide a cross-section of population. After various checks are carried out a further selection is made by the Court Usher who draws the name out of a hat, he draws at least 15 names that are eventually sworn in at trial. Those which are eligible: *Must be on electro roll *Must be at least eighteen *Must have lived in UK for five years Those on the roll and aged between sixty five and seventy have a choice to serve or not. Those aged over seventy do not qualify and some may be excused due to jobs or personal circumstances this group includes the judiciary workers (Barristers, Solicitors, Clerks), those involved in administration of justice (Police, Army, Solicitors, CPS and Sectaries involved with administration of justice), those who suffer from mental health, those on bail and anyone who has been in prison or received suspended prison sentence within the last ten years. ...read more.

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