• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Juries are also used in certain civil cases such as defamation, slander and false imprisonment.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Juries Juries are also used in certain civil cases such as defamation, slander and false imprisonment. When used in cases they have to decide weather the claimant has successfully proved his or her claim, they also decide the amount of money that is awarded in damages, this differs from the criminal court, where the only decision is whether the defendant is guilty or not. Jury are lay persons they are non-qualified in law. The jury system dates back to after the Norman Conquest in Britain and throughout centuries it has developed to become a fundamental part of the English legal system. The Magna-Charta recognised the persons rights to trial by the "Lawful judgement of his peers" this became a usual method of trying criminal cases the notable case of "Bushel 1670" established independent of the jury, in Bushels case where several of the juries refused to bring in a guilty verdict against Quakers who were charged with unlawful assembly they pleaded not guilty, the judge ordered to not accept the not guilty claim instead they were all fined and sent to prison they then appealed to the court ...read more.

Middle

*The high court in the Queen's Bench division for: Slander, Defamation and False Imprisonment. In the crown court they decide the verdict in serious criminal cases (murder, manslaughter). There are 12 jury members in panelled, the number can be reduced to 9 never lower than 9, they are required to bring a anonymous verdict but if after the period of time which the judge will decide they are not able to agree then the judge will give them position to bring a majority verdict this means a split of 11:1 or 10:2 if the jury is below 12 then the same circumstances still apply. When they give the verdict the spokes person for the jury (Foreman) must tell the judge what the split is. In the high court the jury role is different it must decide liability (wrongs and writes) they also have to decide damages which should be awarded. The 12 panel numbers and the case is brought before them would include defamation, false imprisonment, malicious prosecution and allegations of fraud. ...read more.

Conclusion

However since 1977 more and more offences have moved to summary trial e.g. Criminal Damage where property must be worth more than �5000 for a case can be tried by jury. Selection of Jury The selection of jury is random from the electro register this is done to provide a cross-section of population. After various checks are carried out a further selection is made by the Court Usher who draws the name out of a hat, he draws at least 15 names that are eventually sworn in at trial. Those which are eligible: *Must be on electro roll *Must be at least eighteen *Must have lived in UK for five years Those on the roll and aged between sixty five and seventy have a choice to serve or not. Those aged over seventy do not qualify and some may be excused due to jobs or personal circumstances this group includes the judiciary workers (Barristers, Solicitors, Clerks), those involved in administration of justice (Police, Army, Solicitors, CPS and Sectaries involved with administration of justice), those who suffer from mental health, those on bail and anyone who has been in prison or received suspended prison sentence within the last ten years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Machinery of Justice section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Machinery of Justice essays

  1. What justification was there for Socrates' trial, verdict and death sentence?

    Because this event was so close to his trial, I believe they "executed Socrates, the sophist, because he was clearly responsible for the education of Critias, one of the thirty anti-democratic leaders", that this was the real reason Socrates was brought into court.

  2. Outline the rights of a defendant to legal representation and bail

    This 'no win, no fee' basis attracts many clients, as they believe that no money is paid up front, and if they are to lose the case, they will pay the solicitor nothing. If a client wins; all of their expenses are actually paid by the other side and so

  1. "If the Constitution is the source of governmental power, and the judiciary interprets the ...

    And finally Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992) which has replaced Roe as the dominant precedent on abortion and allowed the court to define very specifically rights such as those of the parents in the case of abortion in a minor, and allowing limited (and politically popular)

  2. Describe trial by jury within the English legal system. How effective is trial by ...

    They are not hardened as judgers and magistrates may be by seeing case after case of a similar kind, and they are not too ready to believe the police. Trial by one's fellow citizens in serious criminal cases is an important constitutional right and jurors see the accused in a

  1. Describe how civil disputes can be resolved without going to court (this does not ...

    Where there is a dispute between a trade union and an employer, ACAS, if requested to do so by one of the parties, may appoint a conciliation officer. Where there is a dispute between a trade union and an employer, ACAS can, with the consent of all parties involved, refer the dispute to arbitration to try to resolve it.

  2. Explain the role of the CCRC (Criminal Cases Review Commission)

    This is not idea because an independent inquiry. Many cases involve allegations of wrong doing by the police and the danger could be that the police close ranks and protect each other, which could make the investigation unreliable. The Criminal Cases Review Commission made a good impact on miscarriages of

  1. Expert Testimony and Its Value In the Justice System

    expert witnesses to be put against each other at the same time. It results in a discussion which is very different from the usual exchanges that happen within the courtroom. Questions aren?t restricted to just being asked by the Judge or the Lawyers as Experts can question each other under the control of the Judge.

  2. The English Court System

    the family division, the chancellor divisional and the Queen ?s Bench division which deals with cases like contracts and negligence?s. Each of these divisions, however, also has the capacity to act as a court to hear appeals from lower courts and, when the judges sit in that capacity, the court is called a ?Divisional Court of the High Court?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work