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Occupiers liability - Both Mike and Nigel will have a claim in the tort of occupiers liability. Occupiers liability concerns the liability of an occupier to the claimants injury, loss or damage to property

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Introduction

Occupiers liability act question 4)b) Both Mike and Nigel will have a claim in the tort of occupiers liability. Occupiers liability concerns the liability of an occupier to the claimants injury, loss or damage to property suffered whilst on the occupiers premises. It is a land based tort, so need to prove that the defendant Ken is the occupier. An occupier is some one who has a sunstaintial degree of control over the premises. As regards Ken, we are told that he owns the gardens in which the swimming pool is situatied, meaning that he has control over the premises where both the accidents occurred, so he is the occupier. ...read more.

Middle

The duty is owed in premises which are either a fixed or movable structure s1(2). As the incident occurs in a swimming pool in Kens garden, this can be said to be premises. The circumstances in which the duty is owed to a trespasser are when the occupier Is aware or has reasonable grounds to believe a danger exists. Is aware or has reasonable grounds to believe that the trespasser is in the vicinity or they may come in to the vicinity of the danger The risk is one against which, in all circumstances of the case, the occupier may reasonably be expected to offer some protection. ...read more.

Conclusion

So the fact that Mike also climbs in the garden and the swimming pool as night shows that he ought reasonably to believe that he will be there, as others previously to him have done the same. Finally, Ken has offered some sort of protection against the risk by placing a cover over it when it wasn't in use. However, this part of the test is both subjective and objective, and the focus is on all the circumstances of the case. As Ken put the cover over the swimming pool to prevent people from swimming in the pool, the fact that Mike was injured shows ...read more.

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