• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Parliamentary Law Making

Extracts from this document...


Parliamentary Law Making Parliamentary Law Making is the primary way to make law. This type of law governs over England and Wales. It can take a long time for an Act to be made by Parliament for multiple reasons, the best example of this is the Euthanasia Bill, which began in the 1930s and has yet to go through. In order for Parliament to make law it must be fully scrutinised whilst it is in bill form. To do this the bill must travel through various stages in both the House of Commons and House of Lords and receive the Queen's Assent. Within Parliament there are different types of Acts it can be either public, which is sponsored by the government or a private member, or a private and personal bill, which is prepared by a local authority/public corporation (e.g. road building). With a Public bill it usually affects the law in general. When a bill is government sponsored then a minister forwards it before Parliament, in an example Ed Balls, Education Minister will be responsible for any bills relating to Education. A government sponsored bill is more likely to be put through into a law because the government has a majority seats in the House of Commons therefore they will vote in favour of the bill out of party loyalty. ...read more.


To begin with a first reading commences, this is more of a formality and only introduces the bill to Parliament, so that the MPs can prepare a further debate. With the first reading over with the bill moves to the more important second reading. This is where the Minister proposing the Bill explains the main aims and objectives of the Bill. The Minister then answers any questions regarding the Bill and after that more often than not a debate takes place. Once the debate is done a vote takes place and if the Bill if the Bill is given enough support then it moves onto the Committee Stage. The is one of the most significant stages in the Bill process through the Houses as it is the first time the Bill is heard in it's whole format. The committee looks over the bill in a detailed examination and makes the first amendments. Votes will then be taken on the amendments. Whilst the Committee only hears the majority of Bills at this stage the entire House hears some more controversial Bills. Once the Committee has fully looked over the Bill and all the amendments are made the Committee reports back to the rest of the House. ...read more.


A major disadvantage to this method of law making is its slowness. It can take months to years for a Bill to become an Act, usually the more controversial the Bill the longer it will take, which is a bad thing as most controversial Bills are usually the more needed ones, for example the Euthanasia Bill has been going on for more than seventy years and is one that many people need, however this is not always the case, The Mental Capacity Act took nine years to go through. The time can also mean that by the time the Bill has passed into an Act the Act may be slightly outdated in both technology and wording. As it takes so long to make Bills changing them can also be a problem as a lot of Acts are quite old so the language is more complex and open to misinterpretation. Similarly some Acts wording can be quite basic which leaves more room for misinterpretation. Some Bills may also be democratic as some can start in the House of Lords, where the elected body do not have power. Laura War 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sources of Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sources of Law essays

  1. Understanding Young People, Law and Order

    They are run by private operators under contracts, which set out detailed operational requirements. There are four STCs in England. Secure children's homes focus on attending to the physical, emotional and behavioural needs of the young people they accommodate. They are run by local authority social services departments, overseen by

  2. There are a number of advantages and disadvantages for law making in the Westminster ...

    An example of this is the Working Time Directive 2003. The purpose of this directive is to protect people's health and safety. Q2. There are a number of advantages and disadvantages for law making in the Westminster Parliament. It is the role of parliament to make laws for the country

  1. Assess theeffectiveness of the Law in Achieving Justice for Indigenous People.

    Any evidence given by an Aboriginal was only admissible if it could be supported by someone who was not indigenous. Further adding to their disadvantage, people who harmed or murdered indigenous Australians were seldom convicted - the ratio of Aboriginal to non-Aboriginal prisoners was highly unbalanced.

  2. Assess the constitutional significance of the decision of the House of Lords

    Despite the ruling the prisoners remained incarcerated and were only recently released on bail in March 2005, yet the Special Immigration Appeal Commission imposed severe conditions that included electronic tagging and curfews. The new Prevention of Terrorism Bill allowed these restrictions to be imposed on foreign and British terror suspects.

  1. Types of Bills

    There are many examples of such private law in democratic countries, although its use has changed over time. There are two types of private Act in the United Kingdom. The first are Acts for the benefit of individuals (known as Private or Personal Acts)


    in 1832; and the Bank of Prince Edward Island, in 1855, all issued their own bank notes. Bank notes represented the principal liability of a bank and were redeemable in specie, upon demand. Banks committed themselves to maintain convertibility and, under their charters, restricted their total liabilities to a given multiple of their capital.

  1. Outline many of the basic elements of law that relate to business and marketing.

    Cold calling schemes * Illegal early access to super schemes * Share trading get rich quick schemes * 'Phishing' emails from criminals pretending to be a person's bank in an attempt to have them provide personal details. One of the main issues for discussion is whether or not a taskforce

  2. In what ways does a Bolero Electronic Bill of Lading differ significantly from a ...

    compared to the traditional Bill of Lading and discuss the Bolero's legal recognition under English Law. 2. Differences of a Bolero Electronic Bill of Lading to a traditional paper Bill of Lading. 2.1 Bolero The first attempt to create an electronic bill of lading similar to the traditional have not been very successful.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work