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Parliamentary Law Making

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Introduction

Parliamentary Law Making Parliamentary Law Making is the primary way to make law. This type of law governs over England and Wales. It can take a long time for an Act to be made by Parliament for multiple reasons, the best example of this is the Euthanasia Bill, which began in the 1930s and has yet to go through. In order for Parliament to make law it must be fully scrutinised whilst it is in bill form. To do this the bill must travel through various stages in both the House of Commons and House of Lords and receive the Queen's Assent. Within Parliament there are different types of Acts it can be either public, which is sponsored by the government or a private member, or a private and personal bill, which is prepared by a local authority/public corporation (e.g. road building). With a Public bill it usually affects the law in general. When a bill is government sponsored then a minister forwards it before Parliament, in an example Ed Balls, Education Minister will be responsible for any bills relating to Education. A government sponsored bill is more likely to be put through into a law because the government has a majority seats in the House of Commons therefore they will vote in favour of the bill out of party loyalty. ...read more.

Middle

To begin with a first reading commences, this is more of a formality and only introduces the bill to Parliament, so that the MPs can prepare a further debate. With the first reading over with the bill moves to the more important second reading. This is where the Minister proposing the Bill explains the main aims and objectives of the Bill. The Minister then answers any questions regarding the Bill and after that more often than not a debate takes place. Once the debate is done a vote takes place and if the Bill if the Bill is given enough support then it moves onto the Committee Stage. The is one of the most significant stages in the Bill process through the Houses as it is the first time the Bill is heard in it's whole format. The committee looks over the bill in a detailed examination and makes the first amendments. Votes will then be taken on the amendments. Whilst the Committee only hears the majority of Bills at this stage the entire House hears some more controversial Bills. Once the Committee has fully looked over the Bill and all the amendments are made the Committee reports back to the rest of the House. ...read more.

Conclusion

A major disadvantage to this method of law making is its slowness. It can take months to years for a Bill to become an Act, usually the more controversial the Bill the longer it will take, which is a bad thing as most controversial Bills are usually the more needed ones, for example the Euthanasia Bill has been going on for more than seventy years and is one that many people need, however this is not always the case, The Mental Capacity Act took nine years to go through. The time can also mean that by the time the Bill has passed into an Act the Act may be slightly outdated in both technology and wording. As it takes so long to make Bills changing them can also be a problem as a lot of Acts are quite old so the language is more complex and open to misinterpretation. Similarly some Acts wording can be quite basic which leaves more room for misinterpretation. Some Bills may also be democratic as some can start in the House of Lords, where the elected body do not have power. Laura War 1 ...read more.

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