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Politics Report - Citizenship Define CitizenshipCitizenship is the relationship between a person and the country they live in

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Politics Report - Citizenship Define Citizenship Citizenship is the relationship between a person and the country they live in and support, and in return receive protection from. A person is usually a citizen of the country they are born in, but in some situations you can apply to change your citizenship to another country. Political Rights Political rights mean equality before the law, universal suffrage, etc. - can only be the rights of abstract human beings, rights which abstract from the real differences in wealth, privilege, education, occupation, kinship etc. Natural Rights Natural rights are a political theory that maintains that an individual enters into society with certain basic rights and that no government can deny these rights. The modern idea of natural rights grew out of the ancient and medieval doctrines of natural law , i.e., the belief that people, as creatures of nature and God, should live their lives and organize their society on the basis of rules and precepts laid down by nature or God. With the growth of the idea of individualism, especially in the 17th cent., natural law doctrines were modified to stress the fact that individuals, because they are natural beings, have rights that cannot be violated by anyone or by any society. ...read more.


In order to fulfil it, a doctor must be enslaved. The doctor may be paid of course, but then others are required to pay the bill. Positive rights are not compatible with real rights, or "negative rights". The positive rights require actions on the part of others. Negative rights require that no man can be forced to do anything he doesn't want. The two are incompatible. Positive rights are accepted at the expense of negative rights. They cannot coexist, since they are polar opposites. Key Rights of British Citizens * Freedom of movement * Freedom from arbitrary arrest or unjustified police searches * Freedom of conscience in matters of religion and politics * Freedom of expression * Freedom of association, including the right to protest peacefully * Social freedoms - such as the right to marry, divorce or enjoy homosexual relations * The right to vote and to stand for election * The right to a fair trial * The right not to be coerced or tortured by agents of the state * The right not to be subjected to surveillance without due legal process * The right to own property. ...read more.


The bill also guaranteed freedom of speech and the right of citizens to petition both the monarch and parliament. Further acts - A number of acts were passed extending the rights and liberties of British citizens. Such as the Catholic Emancipation Act 1829, Sex Discrimination acts were passed in 1975 and 1987 and the Data Protection Act was passed in 1984. Citizenship in the 1900's The concept of active citizenship was a result of the Conservatives' government experience in the 1980's. The government began to look for solutions to the problems of rising crime and rising public spending which did not involve government intervention. One solution was to suggest that responsibility for society's problems did not lie within the government, but with the whole community. In other words, every British citizen had a duty to take an active part in solving society's problems. To promote the idea of this active citizenship, John Major launched the Citizen's Charter initiative in the summer of 1991. Together these two notions demonstrated the dual nature of citizenship, with its concern for both the responsibilities of citizens towards each other and also with what can be expected as a right from the state. ?? ?? ?? ?? Caroline Hood - 1 - ...read more.

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