• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychological research has lead to a better understanding of crime in society, the legal system and in the field of forensic science.

Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  • Essay length: 3180 words
  • Submitted: 05/10/2005
Share this essay:
AS and A Level Machinery of Justice

The first 200 words of this essay...

Psychological research has lead to a better understanding of crime in society, the legal system and in the field of forensic science. Many changes have been made within society, to the legal system and in the field of forensic science because of evidence that psychological research has produced.

The just world hypothesis is where individuals believe that the world is fair so they can maintain feelings of control over their own fate. An innocent victim suffering disconfirms this view, resulting in other individuals protecting their feelings of security by helping the victim or persuading themselves that no injustice has occurred, because the victim deserved their fate.

Lerner in 1966 simulated a learning experiment where subject witnessed participants being given electric shocks. Some participants had the option of leaving the experiment, whereas other participants did not have this option. Lerner found that subjects formed a lower opinion of the victimised participants when there was no possibility of the victim opting out of the experiment. In 2000 Foley and Pigott found that, "When it is possible to compensate victims, we do not ascribe more blame to one victim than another, but the amount of compensation offered differs

Read more
The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.