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The Civil Justice System Describe the main Civil Courts and their jurisdiction.

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  • Essay length: 1310 words
  • Submitted: 30/08/2003
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AS and A Level Machinery of Justice

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The Civil Justice System

A) Describe the main Civil Courts and their jurisdiction.

There are four main civil courts in the English Legal System, which hold civil jurisdiction; the County Court, High Court, Court of Appeal and The House of Lords. There are also smaller civil courts with some jurisdiction such as the magistrate's court and then there is, of course, the European Court of Justice setting precedent for all our courts.

The magistrate's court has a very small amount of civil jurisdiction. They are responsible for granting licences to pubs, betting shops and other outlets. They also have jurisdiction over some domestic matters such as adoption and some other matrimonial matters. The magistrates require some training before undertaking these sorts of cases and uniformity is upheld as appeals are taken to the family division of the High Court. The civil jurisdiction of the magistrate's courts is quite minimal and overlaps with that of the County Court and High Court. They also have responsibility for dealing with civil debts such as money owed for council tax, electricity and other state-charged utilities.

The County Court deals with the widest range of civil matters and these

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